Will learn techniques for constructing
effective search strategies
Explore PubMed related tools
Will increase efficiency in utilizing PubMed
and other databases
Will be sharing trends and ways to stay
Identifying resources for citation
Topic: Intra-aortic balloon pumps intra-aortic balloon pump counterpulsation for refractory
◦ Advanced search
◦ Boolean Search (AND/OR/NOT)
doctors OR physicians
tumor OR tumour
doctors AND managed care
injuries AND automobiles
AND, OR, and NOT
must be entered in UPPERCASE.
Enclose a phrase in double quotes
◦ Example: “spinal surgery”
Try without quotes first
Truncate a search by using an asterisk (*).
This is commonly referred to as a “wildcard
◦ Example: mimic*
PubMed searches: mimic, mimics, mimicing etc..
“Nest” search terms in parentheses. The
terms inside the set of parentheses will be
processed as a unit and then incorporated
into the overall strategy.
◦ Example: salmonella AND (hamburger OR eggs)
PubMed will retrieve records that contain the term salmonella, as well
as one or both of the terms hamburger OR eggs.
PubMed also refers to a list of
commonly found words that are
referred to as "stopwords."
Stopwords are words that, if indexed,
could potentially return every
document in the database if the word
was used in a search statement.
Consequently, commonly found words
are not indexed and PubMed will
The Search Details portal is an important tool to use when building a search.
If you notice that the results PubMed has retrieved for a search are not
relevant, you should check the Search Details section to see exactly how
PubMed has translated your query.
An example would be a broad search for nursing (profession). While
you have just searched the word nursing, PubMed translated that as:
"nursing"[Subheading] OR "nursing"[All Fields] OR
"nursing"[MeSH Terms] OR "nursing"[All Fields] OR "breast
feeding"[MeSH Terms] OR ("breast"[All Fields] AND
"feeding"[All Fields]) OR "breast feeding"[All Fields]
PubMed mapped “nursing” to “breast feeding” and returned 578358
results. While taking out those terms in red will return 550360. A
28,000 article difference!
◦ Article Types
◦ Publication Dates
◦ Journal categories
◦ KUMC Research: university of kansas medical center
◦ BMJ, JAMA, & NEJM: "BMJ (Clinical research
ed.)"[Jour] OR "JAMA : the journal of the American
Medical Association"[Jour] OR "The New England
journal of medicine"[Jour]
134 Related Citations!
View the full record for an article
(Abstract or Summary view) and
click on the Related Citations link to
retrieve closely related citations,
based on shared MeSH (Medical
Subject Heading) terms.
To narrow your search results to
review articles, click on Review in
the left-hand column of your search
results, under Article types.
Or, from the Advanced Search
screen, select Publication Type from
the pull-down Search Builder menu.
Enter Review in the Search Builder
box, then click Add to Search Box.
Enter any additional search terms,
then click Search.
Mine citations from related articles to build
your citation base!
1. Find five citations on using dog therapy with dementia patients. Write
down their PMIDs
2. Find a list of articles written by someone from the University of Kansas
3. Find citations in English on randomized control trials that address the
treatment of fibromyalgia using alternative medicine. How many did you
get? How many are available Free Full Text?
4. (ADVANCED) You are watching a documentary on how Abraham Lincoln
died. According to the documentary, Lincoln died because a doctor inserted
the tip of his finger into the bullet hole in his skull during the examination.
Is this true? Find an article to back up your answer.
Why should you use MeSH?
If you use two or more words in a
keyword search there is no guarantee
that they will be linked.
MeSH headings are an efficient way to
find information on “concepts” or topics
where authors use different language to
discuss the same ideas.
For example: Accidental Falls
Do a Title word search; display results in Citation
format; identify MeSH
Search the MeSH database
◦ Scope Note
◦ Major Topics
Thorough search Quick search
◦ Provides ‘true’ meaning of
term where a word might be
use in more than one
◦ Includes synonyms
◦ Deals with homonyms
◦ Aids in term discovery
◦ Helps with spelling
variations and/or errors
◦ Recent publications (in
◦ Records supplied by
◦ New phenomenon
Article: Use of intra-aortic balloon pump counterpulsation for refractory symptomatic vasospasm.
Find MeSH Headings for your topic
◦ Do an Advanced Search for your topic
Use MeSH and Keywords
Extra: Using the Advanced Search builder,
determine how many articles are available on the
psychology of bullying (MeSH terms). How many
did you find?
Clinical Queries, PubMed Specific
Topics, ClinicalTrials.gov &
• Clinical Study Categories
• Systematic Reviews
• Medical Genetics
What do you get when you do
a broad search on
Helps with filtering the evidence.
The clinical studies side also lets you choose broad or narrow
scope. If you choose narrow, the search will be more focused with
fewer results, while broad will get you more results but they’ll be
Medicus (AIM) Journals
• 119 titles
• Considered “core
You can search just
the core journal
subset by searching
the NLM Catalog
PubMed Health provides
information for consumers and
clinicians on prevention and
treatment of diseases and
PubMed Health specializes in
reviews of clinical effectiveness
research, with easy-to-read
summaries for consumers as well
as full technical reports
Clinical effectiveness research
finds answers to the question
“What works?” in medical and
Can subscribe to RSS feeds
You are writing a literature review and need a
list of seminal resources
◦ Answer: Topic Specific Queries
You wish to quickly find bedside information
regarding therapy and prognosis for
◦ Answer: Clinical Queries
You are in a morning huddle and you need to
quickly access clinical effectiveness research,
which you must share with the patient.
◦ Answer: PubMed Health
You need to find information regarding
current clinical trials.
◦ Answer: ClinicalTrails.gov
Tips and Tricks for
Searching and Using PubMed
PMID will link you directly to the article.
You can link to any PubMed article using the format:
Some articles will have
a PMID and a PMCID.
The PMCID will link you
to the ePub Reader.
Use when you know
exactly what you need
The Single Citation Matcher,
available from the PubMed
Home page and the
Advanced Search page,
allows you to fill in the
information you have about
a citation (e.g., author, title,
journal, volume, issue,
page) by field.
Useful when you are determining
possible publishing avenues.
How to Search the
◦ Boolean search
Using MyNCBI Tutorials
Ability to do basic searches in
Ability to view “Free Articles”
Open PDF documents on your
Not device specific
Automatically directs you to
the mobile site when on a
Log in only once and access
any journal from your
Search all of PubMed and
Save full-text PDFs to take
with you and read offline
Add notes to any PDF while
Share papers with friends
Search trends for more than 230,700
phrases / terms based on MeSH
Trend graph 1: Growth [%], in relation to
Trend graph 2: Number of related PubMed
Trend graph 3: Number of occurrences in
Trend graph 4: Associated articles in MeSH
Option to aggregate multiple phrases in a
View MeSH category tree (hierarchical
structure) for a given phrase
Suggestions (similar / related phrases) for
a given phrase
Browse available phrases for a given term
FAQ explaining the graphs in more detail
PubMed Trends is a meta-database containing aggregated information
from 7.14 million scientific papers published over the last 10 years. Get
trends for a large set of phrases / terms based on MeSH 2012 (Medical
Subject Headings), a hierarchically structured vocabulary for the
purpose of indexing journal articles in life sciences.
A simple PubMed interface
Limited searching options
Real functionality comes
from being able to access
your account via a web
browser (desktop or mobile)
If you work on a computer,
but also want to access
your research on a mobile
device, consider this app
Retrieves lists of citations
and, if available, free full
text articles from PubMed
Quickly retrieves articles,
sorted in descending order
Search results can be
emailed, printed or copied
to the clipboard
LinkOut’s connect to free
full text articles if available
PubMed “New and Noteworthy”
topics are located at:
The Abstract display for PubMed clinical trial
citations may now include a "Cited by
systematic reviews" portlet if the trial is cited
in a PubMed Health systematic review.
PubMed Advanced Search
Use MeSH to Build a Better
Retrieving Citations from a
E-mail Alerts for Articles from
Your Favorite Journals
To be eligible to use PubMed
Commons, you must be an
author of a publication in
You will need an invitation to
join PubMed Commons and an
NCBI account. This is free of
Let’s Play a Game!
The PubMed® Game
From PubMed for Experts
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Citation Management Subject Guide:
• How-to Guides (Mac & PC)
• KUMC specific EndNote links
• Information on output styles
• Information on filters
• Additional EndNote support options*
*You can also call Thomson and Reuters tech support at 800-336-4474
(at the prompts dial 4, 1, 1).
Easy to use playlists:
• Learn EndNote
• Starting & Upgrading
• Adding References
• Groups, Preferences,
• EndNote Full Class
• EndNote for iPad
• by email: firstname.lastname@example.org
• by phone: 913-945-5990
• by IM: (Lync)
• by walk-in: G023 Murphy
Assistant Director, Research and Learning
Research and Learning Specialist
Research and Learning Specialist
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