History Of Portugal
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History Of Portugal

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this is about the history of Portugal

this is about the history of Portugal

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History Of Portugal History Of Portugal Presentation Transcript

  • History of Portugal
  • History
    • Portugal is one of the oldest countries in Europe
    • It gained independence in 1143
    • The first people were from the stone ages and arrived in Portugal from Southern France before 10,000 BC. They settled in the north.
    • In 2,000 BC, the Iberians settled in the north
  • Celtic Portgal
    • The Celtic’s arrived later and brought along some Germans.
    • The settled in the north and their language began to spread.
    • They introduced a Central European wagon that is still used in northern Portugal.
    • They lived in villages in small stone houses like the one to the right
    • Later they became known as the Lusitanians
  • Roman Portugal
    • They settled mostly in the south because it was better for growing wheat, olives, and grapes.
    • Their language spread and they layed down their code of law which became the basis of the Portuguese legal code.
    • Around 25 BC, Julius Ceaser and Junius Brutus established Lisbon as the capital. They also divided Portugal into many provinces.
  • Germanic Portugal
    • They did not completely get rid of the Romans, they blended with both the Romans and the Celts since their cultures were mostly the same.
    • They settled in the north and northwest which was better for their crops.
  • Enemies
    • After they gained independence, Portugal fought the Moors in North Africa as well as in Portugal.
    • In the battle of Aljubarrota, the Portuguese army defeated Castile in Spain.
  • Discoveries
    • The first Europeans to:
      • Discover the islands Madeira, Azores, and Cape Verde, were the Portuguese.
      • Sail down western Africa
      • To cross the equator
    • They named The Cape of Good Hope.
    • Magellan, a Portuguese explorer, was the first to sail around the globe.
    • It was the richest country in Europe because of world wide trade.
  • The Spanish Invade
    • 8,000 people were killed along with the nobility and King Dom Sebastian.
    • Portugal ended up using their money as ransom for those who were captured
    • In 1581, the Spanish took over Portugal.
    • In 1640, the governor was kicked out and the Duke of Braganca became King
  • The French Invade
    • The French threatened that if they did not close ports to the English and open them the French and Spanish, then they would invade.
    • They said that Portugal would be split between France and Spain after the invasion.
    • France invaded in 1807
    • In 1808, the British helped the Portuguese build defensive lines against France.
  • 20 th Century
    • 1908: the king and queen were assassinated
    • 1910: Portugal became a republic
    • WWII: Portugal was with the allies
    • 1910-1945: there were 45 changes in government
    • 1932:the new prime minister was Antonio Salazar and he ruled for 36 years
    • In 1975, Portugal finally had a strong and stable government which they still have today
    • 1986: Portugal joined the European Economic Community (European Union) and became the fastest growing country in the European Union.
  • Present Day Portugal
    • Today, Portugal is a stable country.
    • In the future, Portugal is working on getting their jobs and education up with the rest of Europe.
    • In 2007, Portugal took over the presidency of the European Union