Living Environment Vocabulary sorted alphabetically                      William Siebert Arlington High School




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Living Environment Vocabulary sorted alphabetically             William Siebert Arlington High School


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Living Environment Vocabulary sorted alphabetically               William Siebert Arlington High School
Digestion (1.2b) (...
Living Environment Vocabulary sorted alphabetically              William Siebert Arlington High School
Organic compounds (...
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Vocabulary Abc[1]

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Vocabulary Abc[1]

  1. 1. Living Environment Vocabulary sorted alphabetically William Siebert Arlington High School VOCABULARY FOR THE NEW YORK STATE LIVING ENVIRONMENT CORE CURRICULUM GUIDE Alphabetized by Bill Siebert, Arlington High School, Lagrangeville NY updated with lab appendix and several terms to be included in a new edition to be released at some point Note on Part D Vocabulary: According to various people involved in Regents Exam development at SED, we can use the words specific to a required lab in Part D only in an item based on that particular lab, and this would only be acceptable to the extent that it was explained in the lab. A word from one lab can not be used in items based on any of the other required labs. In other words, we cannot just take a vocabulary word in a lab and assume full knowledge of it in the way it is understood now, or was required in the old syllabus. The words have a context and that must be considered too. For example, a word such as mRNA can be used when asking about the Biodiversity lab. A student could be asked, given a particular DNA sequence and a mRNA codon table, to deduce the mRNA that would be formed, but a question about its movement from the nucleus to the ribosomes would not be OK unless that was specifically mentioned in the lab. A word that does not appear in the core, but is used in one of the required labs can't show up on Parts A, B, or C of the same exam even though the lab is required during that academic year. Using the same example, since in the Biodiversity Lab the word “translates” is used in explaining the connection between the mRNA and the protein, it would be acceptable to see the word “translates” or “translation” in a question that specifically tests the Biodiversity lab, but a question on part A or B to the tune of “Identify the molecule that is made when the sequence of molecular bases originally in DNA is translated.” would not be acceptable. 1
  2. 2. Living Environment Vocabulary sorted alphabetically William Siebert Arlington High School STANDARD 1 Bias (2.3c) Experiment (Intro) Reasoning (KI 2 Intro) Chance (3.2) Formulations (1.1) Sample size (2.3c) Charts (3.1) Generalizations (3.1) Science (Intro) Concepts (1.1b) Hypotheses (2.3) Scientific inquiry (KI 1 Intro) Conclusion (3.3) Infer (Intro) Societal (Intro) Consensus (KI 2 Intro) Invented (KI 3 Intro) Society (1.1b) Conventional (KI 31 Intro) Matrix (3.1) Statistical analysis (3.2) Diagrams (3.1) Methodologies (2.2) Technologies (2.2) Discipline (1.4) Peer review (Intro) Theory (1.4) Electronic (2.2) Phenomena (1.1) Values (1.1c) Equations (3.1) Prediction (1.3a) (3.3) Ethical (Intro) Proposal (2.3) STANDARD 4 A, G, C, T (2.1f) Biological evolution (3.1a) Chromosomes (2.1c) Abiotic (KI 6 Intro) Biosphere (6.1b) Circulation (1.2b) Active transport (1.2g) Biotechnological methods (KI 2 Climatic change (6.3c) Adapted (KI 3 Intro) Intro) Cloning (4.1b) Adaptive characteristics (3.1l) Biotic (KI 6 Intro) Coded instructions (2.1b) Adaptive value (KI 3 Intro) Birth (KI 4 Intro) Combination of genes (3.1b) Aging (KI 4 Intro) Body cells (2.1k) (3.1d) Combinations of traits (KI 2 AIDS (5.2f) Bonds (5.1c) Intro) Algae (6.1a) Breakdown (5.1f) Competition (KI 6 Intro) Allele (new edition to be Building blocks (1.2h) Complex organism (1.3) released) Cancer (5.2c) Components (KI 1 Intro) Allergic reactions (5.2g) Cancerous cell (5.2f) Compounds (1.2h) Altered ecosystem (6.3c) Carbon (6.1c) Consumer (1.1a) (6.1g) Altered gene (2.1h) Carbon dioxide (5.1b) Consumption (7.1c) Amino acids (1.2h) Carnivore (6.1a) Continuation (4.1a) Antibiotic (KI 3 Intro) Carrying capacity (6.1d) Continuity (KI 2 Intro) (KI 4 Antibody (5.1g) Cell membrane (1.2i) Intro) Antigens (5.2c) Cells (KI 1 Intro) Control mechanisms (1.2c) Asexually reproducing (2.1d) Cellular (KI 1 Intro) (5.3a) Coordination (1.2b) Atmosphere (7.1b) Cellular communication (1.2j) Corrective actions (1.2c) (KI 5 Atom (6.1b) Cellular respiration (5.1d) Intro) ATP (5.1d) Chains (2.1i) Costs (7.3a) Autotrophic (1.1a) Change during lifetime (KI 3 Cyclic changes (1.1e) Bacteria (2.2c) Intro) Cycling of materials (KI 6 Intro) Balance (KI 1 Intro) Characteristic (KI 2 Intro) Cytoplasm (1.2i) Balanced internal environment Chemical change (5.1f) Death (KI 5 Intro) (1.2c) Chemical composition (KI 1 Intro) Decomposer (1.1a) (6.1a) Base (DNA) (2.1f) (7.2a) Deforestation (KI 7 Intro) Behavior (KI 3 Intro) Chemical energy (5.1c) Deleting DNA segment (2.2d) Benefit (7.3a) Chemical reaction (1.2h) Development (KI 4 Intro) Biochemical process (KI 5 Intro) Chemical signals (1.2g) Deviations (1.2c) (KI 5 Intro) (5.1f) Chlorophyll (new edition to be Diagnosing (5.2j) Biodiversity (6.2a) released) Differentiation (KI 4 Intro) Biological catalysts (5.1f) Chloroplasts (5.1b) Diffusion (1.2g) 2
  3. 3. Living Environment Vocabulary sorted alphabetically William Siebert Arlington High School Digestion (1.2b) (1.2h) Fossil fuel (7.2c) Inserting DNA segment (2.2d) Direct harvesting (7.1c) Fossil record (3.1e) Insulin (5.3b) Disease (KI 5 Intro) Function of protein (2.1i) Interactions (1.1c) (1.2j) Disturbance (6.3) Functions (1.2) Interdependence(y) (1.1d) (6.3) Diversity (KI 1 Intro) (KI 3 Fungus(i) (5.2b) Internal development (4.1f) Intro) Gamete (KI 4 Intro) Internal environment (KI 5 DNA (KI 2 Intro) Gene (KI 2 Intro) Intro) Dynamic equilibrium (KI 5 Gene mutation (3.1d) (5.2i) Internal fertilization (4.1f) Intro) Generation (2.1b) (7.3b) Interrelationship (6.3a) Ecological community (6.3b) Genetic (KI 1 Intro) Kingdoms (KI 2 Intro) Ecological niche (KI 6 Intro) Genetic engineering (KI 2 Intro) Learned behavior (KI 5 Intro) Ecological succession (6.3b) Genetic information (KI 2 Intro) Level of organization (KI 1 Ecology (KI 6 Intro) (2.1e) Intro) Ecosystem (KI 1 Intro) Genetic makeup (2.2) Life functions (1.2b) Ecosystem stability (1.1f) (6.2a) Genetic manipulation Light intensity (6.1e) Egg (2.1e) Genetic material (2.1) Long-term stability (6.3c) Eliminate waste (5.1e) Genetic variability (3.1f) Mammal (4.1f) Embryo (4.1f) Genetically identical (2.1d) (KI 4 Manipulation of genes (KI 2 Embryonic development (4.1h) Intro) Intro) Encoded (2.1f) Geological time (KI 3 Intro) Mate (KI 6 Intro) Endocrine (new edition to be Global awareness (KI 7 Intro) Mechanism of evolution (3.1) released) Global stability (7.1c) Meiosis (3.1c) Energy (KI 5 Intro) Global warming (KI 7 Intro) Membrane (1.2g) Energy pyramid (6.1b) Glucose (5.1b) Metabolic (KI 1 Intro) Energy-rich (5.1b) Green plant (6.1a) Microbes (5.2e) Engulf (5.2d) Growth (KI 4 Intro) Milk (4.1f) Environment (1.1b) (KI 3 Intro) Guard cells (5.3b) Mineral availability (6.1e) Environmental change (6.2a) Habitat (6.1d) Minerals (6.1d) Environmental factors (1.1d) Heart rate (5.3b) Mitochondria (1.2i) (5.1d) Environmental impact (KI 4 Herbivores (6.1a) Mitosis (KI 4 Intro) Intro) Hereditary (KI 1 Intro) Molecular bases (DNA) (2.1f) Environmentally literate (KI 7 Heredity (2.1b) Molecular basis of heredity (KI Intro) Heterotrophic (1.1a) 2 Intro) Enzyme (2.2c) Homeostasis (KI 1 Intro) (KI 5 Molecules (1.2g) (1.2i) Enzyme-controlled (KI 5 Intro) Intro) Monitor (KI 5 Intro) Equilibrium (1.1e) Homeostatic feedback mechanism Movement (1.2b) Established ecosystem (1.1d) (KI 5 Intro) Multicellular (KI 1 Intro) (1.3a) Estrogen (4.1e) Hormone (1.2j) Mutation (KI 2 Intro) Evolution (KI 3 Intro) Host (6.1g) Natural disaster (6.3c) Evolutionary change (KI 3 Intro) Hydrogen (6.1c) Natural selection (KI 3 Intro) Excretion (1.2b) Imbalance (1.2d) Nerve cell (1.2j) Expression (2.1a) Immune system (5.2c) Nitrogen (6.1c) External environment (KI 5 Immunity (1.2b) Normal state (KI 5 Intro) Intro) Individual (2.1e) Nuclear fuel (7.2c) Extinction (3.1l) Individual choice (7.3) Nucleus (1.2i) Fat (5.1c) Industrialization (7.2c) Nutrient (1.2i) Feedback mechanism (5.3b) Infections (4.1f) Nutrition (5.2h) Fertilization (3.1c) (KI 4 Intro) Infectious agent (5.2f) Offspring (KI 2 Intro) Fetus (4.1f) Inherit (KI 2 Intro) One-celled organism (1.3) Finite resources (KI 7 Intro) Inheritable characteristic (3.1b) Organ (1.2a) Flow of energy (KI 6 Intro) Inheritance (5.2h) Organ malfunction (5.2h) Food chain (KI 6 Intro) Inherited (2.1a) Organ systems (KI 1 Intro) Food web (KI 1 Intro) (KI 6 Inorganic (1.2h) Organelles (1.2) Intro) Insect (KI 3 Intro) Organic (1.2h) 3
  4. 4. Living Environment Vocabulary sorted alphabetically William Siebert Arlington High School Organic compounds (5.1c) Recycle (6.1d) Structures (1.2) Organism (KI 1 Intro) Regulatory (KI 1 Intro) Struggle for survival (KI 3 Intro) Organismal (5.3a) Renew (resources) (7.1a) Substituting DNA segment Organizational levels (1.2) Replicate (KI 2 Intro) (2.2d) Ovary (4.1f) Replication (2.1) Survival (KI 3 Intro) Overproduction of offspring (KI Reproduction (KI 1 Intro) (1.2b) Synthesis (1.2h) 3 Intro) (KI 2 Intro) Systems (1.2) Oxygen (5.1b) Reproductive cell (3.1b) Technological development (7.2) Ozone shield (KI 7 Intro) Reproductive cycle (KI 3 Intro) Technological fix (KI 7 Intro) Pancreas (5.3b) Reproductive success (3.1i) Technology (7.1c) Parasite (5.2b) (6.1g) Reproductive technology (KI 4 Temperature (5.1f) Parent (KI 2 Intro) Intro) Temperature range (6.1e) Pathogen (KI 3 Intro) Resources (1.1c) Template (2.1f) Pathogenic (5.2c) Respiration (1.2b) Testes (4.1g) Pattern of evolution (3.1) Respiratory rate (5.3b) Testosterone (4.1e) Personal behavior (5.2h) Respond (KI 5 Intro) Tissues (1.2) Pesticide (KI 3 Intro) Response to stimuli (5.3a) Total ecosystem (1.1c) pH (5.1f) Ribosome (1.2i) Toxic (5.2h) Photosynthesis (5.1a) Risks (7.3a) Toxin (4.1f) Photosynthetic organism (6.1a) Rock (6.1e) Trade-off (7.3a) Physical conditions (6.1e) Role (6.2a) Trait (2.1c) Physical traits (KI 2 Intro) Scavenge (6.1g) Transform (5.1e) Placenta (4.1f) Segment of DNA (2.2c) Transplanted (5.2g) Pollution (KI 7 Intro) Selection (KI 3 Intro) Transport (1.2i) Population growth (7.1c) Selective breeding (KI 2 Intro) Unifying theme (KI 3 Intro) Populations (1.1) Sex cells (KI 3 Intro) Uterus (4.1f) Predator (6.1g) Sexually reproducing (2.1e) Vaccinations (5.2e) Pregnancy (4.1f) Shape of protein (2.1i) Vacuole (1.2i) Prey (6.1g) Simple sugars (1.2h) Variations among offspring (KI Producer (1.1a) (6.1g) Societal actions (7.3) 3 Intro) Progesterone (4.1e) Soil (6.1e) Varieties (KI 2 Intro) Protein (1.2h) Solar energy (5.1b) Viral disease (5.2f) Protein building (1.2i) Sorting of genes (3.1c) Virus (5.2b) Radiation (3.1d) Specialized (1.2i) Water (5.1b) Rate of water loss (new edition Species (1.1b) Water cycle (7.1b) to be released) Sperm (2.1e) White blood cells (5.2c) Receptor (1.2j) Stability (KI 1 Intro) (1.1) Zygote (KI 4 Intro) Recombination (KI 2 Intro) Starch (1.2h) Recombination of genes (3.1c) Steady state (KI 5 Intro) APPENDIX A - LABORATORY CHECKLIST Assumptions Electronic balance Molecule Chromatography Electrophoresis Observations Compound microscope Expressed data Specimen Computer Generalization Specimens Conclusion Graduated cylinder Staining technique Control group Graph Stereoscope Controlled experiment Independent variable Temperature Controlled variables Length Thermometer Data Limitations Triple-beam balance Data table Magnification Volume Dependent variable Mass Wet-mount slide Dichotomous key Metric 4

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