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Presented by Amanda Rawls
South Central District Team Leader
Amanda Rawls, SC Team Leader
• BS Environmental Science
• Master of Environmental Management
• 7 years of E&S Experience
•...
Hearing Conservation
Sound can be a health problem
Hearing loss can occur depending on:
1. The intensity of the noise
2. D...
Hearing Conservation
Why does hazardous
noise matter?
Webinar Purpose:
• The ear and sound
• Effects on the body
• Persona...
The Facts About Hearing Loss
• Hearing loss is a leading occupational illness
• 15% of workers continuously exposed to noi...
How Much Do You Know?
True or False
Employees are responsible for providing their
own hearing protection devices?
False
A ...
How Much Do You Know?
True or False
Noise induced hearing loss will affect an
employee’s ability to understand speech?
Tru...
How Much Do You Know?
True or False
There are physical symptoms that can occur
when an employee is exposed to hazardous
no...
How Much Do You Know?
True or False
When using hearing protection an employee’s
ability to communicate with other workers ...
How Much Do You Know?
True or False
Exposure to loud noise can cause negative
health effects other than hearing loss?
True...
The Ear and Sound
The Ear and Sound
• Average person born with
40,000 hair cells
• Hair cells die naturally as
we age or through injury
and ...
The Ear and Sound
Hazardous Noise -
Any noise that is louder than 85 decibels that the human ear
is exposed to for 8 or mo...
• Sound loudness is
measured in decibels
(dB)
• A sound at 80 dB is
10x stronger than a
sound of 70 dB
The Ear and Sound
Effects of Loud Noise
Physical Symptoms of noise exposure:
Hypertension
Elevated Blood Pressure Levels
Balance Dysfunction...
Effects of Noise on Hearing
Permanent Threshold Shift (PTS) –
Is like TTS except that recovery is not 100%. PTS can be
cau...
What does impaired hearing sound like?
Dealership Noise
Service Department
– Air Operated Tools
– Hammering
– Air Compressors
Detail Department
– Pressure Car Wa...
Dealership Noise
Body Shop Department
– Grinding
– Air Operated Tools
– Hammering
– Orbital Sanders
– Chiseling
– Air Comp...
Prevention of Hearing Loss
Procedural Controls - First Line of Defense
Operating Procedures
• Buy and use tools & equipmen...
Prevention of Hearing Loss
How to choose which PPE works best for you?
1. Current hearing ability
2. Exposure to noise ove...
Prevention of Hearing Injuries
Earplugs
• Disposable
• Provides minimum
protection
• Cost effective
Ear Muffs
• Re-usable
...
Prevention of Hearing Injuries
Two things to remember: Fit and Care of PPE
Prevention of Hearing Injuries
Top Three Excuses:
1. It is not supplied
2. It is uncomfortable
3. It is not part of my rou...
OSHA Hearing Conservation Program
OSHA’s Hearing Conservation Program Requires:
1. Monitor all work areas
2. Provide engin...
What monitoring is required?
Identify employees exposed to noise at or above 85
dB averaged over 8 working hours (TWA)
OSH...
What is audiometric testing?
Monitors an employee’s hearing over time
OSHA Hearing Conservation Program
Important Program ...
Baseline Audiogram - The reference audiogram
which future audiograms are compared
– Provided within 6 months when exposed ...
Audiogram Follow Up:
• Must fit or refit any employee with a Standard
Threshold Shift (STS) adequate hearing protection
• ...
When is an employer required to provide hearing
protection?
When workers are exposed to 8-hour TWA noise
levels of 85 dB o...
OSHA Hearing Conservation Program
What training is required?
Employers must train employees exposed to TWAs of
85 dB and a...
What exposure and testing
records must be kept?
• Noise exposure measurement
records – 2 years
• Employee audiometric test...
PPE Hazard Assessment
– Needs to be filled out for each department
– Needs to be filed onsite
– PPE supplied at no cost to employee
PPE Hazard A...
iPods in the Shop
No OSHA regulation about headphones
Use phone to record initial noise levels
Apps to Measure Noise:
• dB...
Benefits of Hearing Protection
Stay healthy
– For family
– To keep working
Prevent fellow employee injuries
Lower insuranc...
Q & A Session
Questions?
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Can you hear me? Hearing protection requirements for dealers

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Can you hear me?


Hearing protection requirements
for dealers

Published in: Business, Health & Medicine
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Transcript of "Can you hear me? Hearing protection requirements for dealers"

  1. 1. Presented by Amanda Rawls South Central District Team Leader
  2. 2. Amanda Rawls, SC Team Leader • BS Environmental Science • Master of Environmental Management • 7 years of E&S Experience • 4 years with KPA • Lives in Austin, Texas
  3. 3. Hearing Conservation Sound can be a health problem Hearing loss can occur depending on: 1. The intensity of the noise 2. Duration of the noise
  4. 4. Hearing Conservation Why does hazardous noise matter? Webinar Purpose: • The ear and sound • Effects on the body • Personal Protective Equipment • OSHA Regulations • Hearing Conservation Program
  5. 5. The Facts About Hearing Loss • Hearing loss is a leading occupational illness • 15% of workers continuously exposed to noises >85 dBA will develop hearing impairment • Tools, equipment, and power tools are a main source of noise exposure • Occupational noise control is possible!
  6. 6. How Much Do You Know? True or False Employees are responsible for providing their own hearing protection devices? False A selection like ear plugs and ear muffs must be provided at employer’s expense
  7. 7. How Much Do You Know? True or False Noise induced hearing loss will affect an employee’s ability to understand speech? True The first symptom is not being able to hear high pitched noise
  8. 8. How Much Do You Know? True or False There are physical symptoms that can occur when an employee is exposed to hazardous noise levels? True Tinnitis (ringing in the ear) Hearing Impairment
  9. 9. How Much Do You Know? True or False When using hearing protection an employee’s ability to communicate with other workers is greatly reduced or impaired? False Hearing protection reduces environmental noise level AND speech loudness level equally
  10. 10. How Much Do You Know? True or False Exposure to loud noise can cause negative health effects other than hearing loss? True Sleep disorders Stress reactions leading to fatigue Increased hypertension Increased heart rate Metabolic changes
  11. 11. The Ear and Sound
  12. 12. The Ear and Sound • Average person born with 40,000 hair cells • Hair cells die naturally as we age or through injury and infection • Hair cells are damaged by noise when loudness and length of time exposed traumatize these cells Hair cells in the cochlea
  13. 13. The Ear and Sound Hazardous Noise - Any noise that is louder than 85 decibels that the human ear is exposed to for 8 or more hours.
  14. 14. • Sound loudness is measured in decibels (dB) • A sound at 80 dB is 10x stronger than a sound of 70 dB The Ear and Sound
  15. 15. Effects of Loud Noise Physical Symptoms of noise exposure: Hypertension Elevated Blood Pressure Levels Balance Dysfunction Impaired Equilibrium Reduced effectiveness of audible warning devices Increase threat of injury due to reduced communication
  16. 16. Effects of Noise on Hearing Permanent Threshold Shift (PTS) – Is like TTS except that recovery is not 100%. PTS can be caused bye extremely loud noises or long durations of moderately loud noises Temporary Threshold Shift (TTS) – Can be produced by a short exposure to high level sound and will usually diminish after several hours in a quite environment Types of Hearing Impairment:
  17. 17. What does impaired hearing sound like?
  18. 18. Dealership Noise Service Department – Air Operated Tools – Hammering – Air Compressors Detail Department – Pressure Car Washers – Vacuums – Compressed Air Blow Guns
  19. 19. Dealership Noise Body Shop Department – Grinding – Air Operated Tools – Hammering – Orbital Sanders – Chiseling – Air Compressors
  20. 20. Prevention of Hearing Loss Procedural Controls - First Line of Defense Operating Procedures • Buy and use tools & equipment that create less noise (ex hand tools) Employee Awareness • Know what the noise levels are for equipment used • Eliminate non-essential noise sources (ex stereos)
  21. 21. Prevention of Hearing Loss How to choose which PPE works best for you? 1. Current hearing ability 2. Exposure to noise over the whole day 3. Your need to communicate on the job 4. Other PPE employees will wear, i.e. safety glasses 5. Temperature and climate 6. Physical constraints of work activity 7. Anatomical differences
  22. 22. Prevention of Hearing Injuries Earplugs • Disposable • Provides minimum protection • Cost effective Ear Muffs • Re-usable • Provides moderate protection • Best for high frequency 15-30 dBA reduction if fitted properly
  23. 23. Prevention of Hearing Injuries Two things to remember: Fit and Care of PPE
  24. 24. Prevention of Hearing Injuries Top Three Excuses: 1. It is not supplied 2. It is uncomfortable 3. It is not part of my routine
  25. 25. OSHA Hearing Conservation Program OSHA’s Hearing Conservation Program Requires: 1. Monitor all work areas 2. Provide engineering controls to help reduce noise 3. Provide hearing tests for all noise-exposed employees 4. Provide hearing protection to reduce the effects of hazardous workplace noise
  26. 26. What monitoring is required? Identify employees exposed to noise at or above 85 dB averaged over 8 working hours (TWA) OSHA Hearing Conservation Program Noise level must constantly be 85 dB! • Exposure measurement includes all continuous, intermittent, and impulsive noise within an 80 dB and 130 dB range • Must be a normal work day
  27. 27. What is audiometric testing? Monitors an employee’s hearing over time OSHA Hearing Conservation Program Important Program Elements: • Baseline Audiograms • Annual Audiograms • Training • Following Up Procedures • Testing must be free Required for employees exposed to 85 dB or above, 8-hour TWA
  28. 28. Baseline Audiogram - The reference audiogram which future audiograms are compared – Provided within 6 months when exposed to 85 dB OSHA Hearing Conservation Program Annual Audiogram – Performed annually to identify deterioration of hearing ability
  29. 29. Audiogram Follow Up: • Must fit or refit any employee with a Standard Threshold Shift (STS) adequate hearing protection • Show employees how to use hearing protection • Require employees to wear hearing protection • Must notify employees within 21 days of STS OSHA Hearing Conservation Program
  30. 30. When is an employer required to provide hearing protection? When workers are exposed to 8-hour TWA noise levels of 85 dB or above OSHA Hearing Conservation Program Employees must wear hearing protection: • For at least six months after initial exposure until their baseline audiogram • If they have incurred standard threshold shifts that demonstrate they are susceptible to noise; and • If exposed over the PEL of 90 dB over an 8-hour TWA
  31. 31. OSHA Hearing Conservation Program What training is required? Employers must train employees exposed to TWAs of 85 dB and above at least annually Training includes: • The effects of noise • The purpose, advantages, and disadvantages of various hearing protection • The selection and fit of hearing protection • Purpose and procedures of audiometric testing
  32. 32. What exposure and testing records must be kept? • Noise exposure measurement records – 2 years • Employee audiometric tests – Until employee termination • Record work-related hearing loss cases OSHA Hearing Conservation Program
  33. 33. PPE Hazard Assessment
  34. 34. – Needs to be filled out for each department – Needs to be filed onsite – PPE supplied at no cost to employee PPE Hazard Assessment
  35. 35. iPods in the Shop No OSHA regulation about headphones Use phone to record initial noise levels Apps to Measure Noise: • dB Volume Meter • Too Loud? • DeciBel
  36. 36. Benefits of Hearing Protection Stay healthy – For family – To keep working Prevent fellow employee injuries Lower insurance premiums
  37. 37. Q & A Session Questions?
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