NU Hurricane Katrian Seminar 2008
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

NU Hurricane Katrian Seminar 2008

  • 546 views
Uploaded on

Rebuilding Greater New Orleans: Problems & Opportunities

Rebuilding Greater New Orleans: Problems & Opportunities

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
546
On Slideshare
545
From Embeds
1
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 1

http://ig.gmodules.com 1

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Rebuilding Greater New Orleans: Problems & Opportunities Hurricane Katrina Report School of Continuing Studies Infrastructure Technology Institute Northwestern University Evanston, IL David R. Donohue October,2008
  • 2. Problems
    • Dysfunctional government
    • Below-sea-level topography
    • Hurricane/flood susceptibility
    • Destroyed neighborhoods
    • National coastal vulnerability
    • Infrastructure dependence
  • 3. Problem #1: Dysfunctional Government
    • Local-state-federal relationship broken
    • History teaches importance of governance
  • 4.
    • Chicago 1871
    Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt
  • 5.
    • Galveston 1900
    Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt
  • 6.
    • Warsaw 1945
    Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt
  • 7.
    • Tangshan 1976
    Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt
  • 8. Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt
    • Bottom line for rebuilding :
    • Politics, culture, economics much more important than engineering, architecture, urban planning
  • 9. Opportunity: Craft Functional Governance
    • Reconstruction
      • Local-state-federal partnership
      • Federal leader ala Coolidge/Hoover?
      • Inclusive public involvement
    • Long-term
      • Rethink local-state-fed disaster-response relationship
  • 10. Problem #2: Below Sea Level Topography
    • The “bathtub”
    • Subsiding alluvial soil
    • Ever-higher levees
    • Sub-standard government construction
  • 11.  
  • 12. Opportunity: Raise the Grade
    • Chicago 1950’s
  • 13. Opportunity: Raise the Grade
    • Galveston 1900’s
  • 14. Opportunity: Raise the Grade
    • Problems
      • Compressive soils
      • Environmental impact
      • Financial/political feasibility
    • Deserves a look
  • 15. Problem #3: Hurricane/Flood Susceptibility
    • NOLA does not drain naturally
    • Requires protection
      • Levees
      • Pumps
      • Surge protection?
      • Rebuild coastal barrier islands
  • 16. Opportunity: Protection Megaproject Netherlands Delta Works
  • 17. Comprehensive Hurricane/Flood Protection Works Levees & Pumps Coastal/Wetland Protection/ Restoration Surge Protection?
  • 18. Problem #4: Destroyed Neighborhoods
    • Many neighborhoods relatively undamaged
      • French Quarter
      • Downtown
      • Uptown
      • Garden District
    • Others completely destroyed
      • Wood buildings wrecked by immersion
      • Utilities compromised
  • 19. Opportunity: Rebuild from Scratch, Better
    • Not just physical, but economic
      • Design for opportunity
        • Short-term
        • Long-term
    • Rebuild 287-year-old city to 21st century standards
      • Modern materials/codes
      • New/rebuilt infrastructure
      • Fiber to each home? Wireless broadband?
  • 20. Problem #5: National Coastal Hurricane Vulnerability
    • 39 million people live in coastal counties from Corpus Christi to Cape Cod
      • Growing faster than nation: 5.4% vs. 4.3% 2000-2004
    • Other estimates: 65 million “hurricane vulnerable”
    • Erosion threatens 70% of nation’s coastline
      • FEMA estimates up to 25% of homes within 500 feet could be lost to erosion by 2060
  • 21. Opportunity: Rethink Coastal Land Use, Protection, Disaster Response
    • Should federal government subsidize unwise coastal land use decisions?
    • What about development in areas prone to earthquakes, floods, tornados?
    • Man-made vs. “natural” protection
    • Katrina disaster-response lessons
  • 22. Problem #6: Infrastructure Dependence
    • Katrina dramatized societal dependence on infrastructure
  • 23. Opportunity: Renewed Awareness of & Investment in Infrastructure
    • US not investing enough in infrastructure
    • Projects take too long, cost too much
    • Hurting economic competitiveness & quality of life
    2005 Report Card for America’s Infrastructure Aviation D+ Bridges C Dams D Drinking Water D- Energy D Navigable Waterways D- Public Parks & Recreation C- Rail C- Roads D Schools D Security I Solid Waste C+ Transit D+ Wastewater D- US Infrastructure GPA D Source: ASCE
  • 24. Huge Problems, Tremendous Opportunities
    • 1. Dysfunctional governments
    • Functional governance
    • 2. Below sea level topography
    • Raise grades
    • 3. Hurricane/flood susceptibility
    • Comprehensive protection
    • 4. Destroyed neighborhoods
    • Rebuilt & reborn
    • 5. National coastal vulnerability
    • Development policy
    • 6. Infrastructure dependence
    • Appreciation/investment
  • 25. Our Success Rebuilding NOLA Will, to a Great Extent, Determine Our Civilization’s Ability to Succeed in the 21 st Century