Rebuilding Greater New Orleans: Problems & Opportunities Hurricane Katrina Report School of Continuing Studies Infrastruct...
Problems <ul><li>Dysfunctional government </li></ul><ul><li>Below-sea-level topography </li></ul><ul><li>Hurricane/flood s...
Problem #1:   Dysfunctional Government <ul><li>Local-state-federal relationship broken </li></ul><ul><li>History teaches i...
<ul><li>Chicago   1871 </li></ul>Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt
<ul><li>Galveston 1900 </li></ul>Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt
<ul><li>Warsaw 1945 </li></ul>Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt
<ul><li>Tangshan 1976 </li></ul>Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt
Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt <ul><li>Bottom line for rebuilding :  </li></ul><ul><li>Politics, culture, economics much more ...
Opportunity:  Craft Functional Governance <ul><li>Reconstruction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local-state-federal partnership </l...
Problem #2:  Below Sea Level Topography <ul><li>The “bathtub” </li></ul><ul><li>Subsiding alluvial soil </li></ul><ul><li>...
 
Opportunity:  Raise the Grade <ul><li>Chicago 1950’s </li></ul>
Opportunity:  Raise the Grade <ul><li>Galveston 1900’s </li></ul>
Opportunity:  Raise the Grade <ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compressive soils </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environm...
Problem #3:  Hurricane/Flood Susceptibility <ul><li>NOLA does not drain naturally </li></ul><ul><li>Requires protection </...
Opportunity:  Protection Megaproject Netherlands Delta Works
Comprehensive Hurricane/Flood Protection Works Levees & Pumps Coastal/Wetland Protection/ Restoration Surge Protection?
Problem #4:  Destroyed Neighborhoods <ul><li>Many neighborhoods relatively undamaged </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French Quarter ...
Opportunity:  Rebuild from Scratch, Better <ul><li>Not just physical, but economic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design for opport...
Problem #5:  National Coastal Hurricane Vulnerability <ul><li>39 million people live in coastal counties from Corpus Chris...
Opportunity:  Rethink Coastal Land Use, Protection, Disaster Response <ul><li>Should federal government subsidize unwise c...
Problem #6: Infrastructure Dependence <ul><li>Katrina dramatized societal dependence on infrastructure </li></ul>
Opportunity:  Renewed Awareness of & Investment in Infrastructure <ul><li>US not investing enough in infrastructure </li><...
Huge Problems, Tremendous Opportunities <ul><li>1. Dysfunctional governments </li></ul><ul><li>Functional governance </li>...
Our Success Rebuilding NOLA Will, to a Great Extent, Determine Our Civilization’s Ability to Succeed in the 21 st  Century
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NU Hurricane Katrian Seminar 2008

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Rebuilding Greater New Orleans: Problems & Opportunities

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NU Hurricane Katrian Seminar 2008

  1. 1. Rebuilding Greater New Orleans: Problems & Opportunities Hurricane Katrina Report School of Continuing Studies Infrastructure Technology Institute Northwestern University Evanston, IL David R. Donohue October,2008
  2. 2. Problems <ul><li>Dysfunctional government </li></ul><ul><li>Below-sea-level topography </li></ul><ul><li>Hurricane/flood susceptibility </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li>National coastal vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure dependence </li></ul>
  3. 3. Problem #1: Dysfunctional Government <ul><li>Local-state-federal relationship broken </li></ul><ul><li>History teaches importance of governance </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Chicago 1871 </li></ul>Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt
  5. 5. <ul><li>Galveston 1900 </li></ul>Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt
  6. 6. <ul><li>Warsaw 1945 </li></ul>Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt
  7. 7. <ul><li>Tangshan 1976 </li></ul>Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt
  8. 8. Cities Destroyed & Rebuilt <ul><li>Bottom line for rebuilding : </li></ul><ul><li>Politics, culture, economics much more important than engineering, architecture, urban planning </li></ul>
  9. 9. Opportunity: Craft Functional Governance <ul><li>Reconstruction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local-state-federal partnership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal leader ala Coolidge/Hoover? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inclusive public involvement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Long-term </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rethink local-state-fed disaster-response relationship </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Problem #2: Below Sea Level Topography <ul><li>The “bathtub” </li></ul><ul><li>Subsiding alluvial soil </li></ul><ul><li>Ever-higher levees </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-standard government construction </li></ul>
  11. 12. Opportunity: Raise the Grade <ul><li>Chicago 1950’s </li></ul>
  12. 13. Opportunity: Raise the Grade <ul><li>Galveston 1900’s </li></ul>
  13. 14. Opportunity: Raise the Grade <ul><li>Problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compressive soils </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial/political feasibility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deserves a look </li></ul>
  14. 15. Problem #3: Hurricane/Flood Susceptibility <ul><li>NOLA does not drain naturally </li></ul><ul><li>Requires protection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Levees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pumps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surge protection? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebuild coastal barrier islands </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Opportunity: Protection Megaproject Netherlands Delta Works
  16. 17. Comprehensive Hurricane/Flood Protection Works Levees & Pumps Coastal/Wetland Protection/ Restoration Surge Protection?
  17. 18. Problem #4: Destroyed Neighborhoods <ul><li>Many neighborhoods relatively undamaged </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French Quarter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Downtown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uptown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Garden District </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Others completely destroyed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wood buildings wrecked by immersion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilities compromised </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Opportunity: Rebuild from Scratch, Better <ul><li>Not just physical, but economic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design for opportunity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Short-term </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Long-term </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Rebuild 287-year-old city to 21st century standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern materials/codes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New/rebuilt infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fiber to each home? Wireless broadband? </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Problem #5: National Coastal Hurricane Vulnerability <ul><li>39 million people live in coastal counties from Corpus Christi to Cape Cod </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing faster than nation: 5.4% vs. 4.3% 2000-2004 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other estimates: 65 million “hurricane vulnerable” </li></ul><ul><li>Erosion threatens 70% of nation’s coastline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FEMA estimates up to 25% of homes within 500 feet could be lost to erosion by 2060 </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Opportunity: Rethink Coastal Land Use, Protection, Disaster Response <ul><li>Should federal government subsidize unwise coastal land use decisions? </li></ul><ul><li>What about development in areas prone to earthquakes, floods, tornados? </li></ul><ul><li>Man-made vs. “natural” protection </li></ul><ul><li>Katrina disaster-response lessons </li></ul>
  21. 22. Problem #6: Infrastructure Dependence <ul><li>Katrina dramatized societal dependence on infrastructure </li></ul>
  22. 23. Opportunity: Renewed Awareness of & Investment in Infrastructure <ul><li>US not investing enough in infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Projects take too long, cost too much </li></ul><ul><li>Hurting economic competitiveness & quality of life </li></ul>2005 Report Card for America’s Infrastructure Aviation D+ Bridges C Dams D Drinking Water D- Energy D Navigable Waterways D- Public Parks & Recreation C- Rail C- Roads D Schools D Security I Solid Waste C+ Transit D+ Wastewater D- US Infrastructure GPA D Source: ASCE
  23. 24. Huge Problems, Tremendous Opportunities <ul><li>1. Dysfunctional governments </li></ul><ul><li>Functional governance </li></ul><ul><li>2. Below sea level topography </li></ul><ul><li>Raise grades </li></ul><ul><li>3. Hurricane/flood susceptibility </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive protection </li></ul><ul><li>4. Destroyed neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li>Rebuilt & reborn </li></ul><ul><li>5. National coastal vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>Development policy </li></ul><ul><li>6. Infrastructure dependence </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciation/investment </li></ul>
  24. 25. Our Success Rebuilding NOLA Will, to a Great Extent, Determine Our Civilization’s Ability to Succeed in the 21 st Century
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