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Open Educational Resources. Building a Culture of Sharing

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Prezentacja Susan D'Antoni (UNESCO) z konferencji "Otwarta edukacja w Polsce", zorganizowanej 23 kwietnia 2009 roku w Sejmie RP przez Koalicję Otwartej Edukacji (KOED).

Prezentacja Susan D'Antoni (UNESCO) z konferencji "Otwarta edukacja w Polsce", zorganizowanej 23 kwietnia 2009 roku w Sejmie RP przez Koalicję Otwartej Edukacji (KOED).

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  • 1. Koalicja Otwartej Edukacji OER conference Warsaw, 23 April 2009 Open Educational Resources: Building a Culture of Sharing Susan D’Antoni UNESCO
  • 2. I
    • Open Educational Resources:
    • Building a culture of sharing
  • 3.
    • To remain human and liveable,
    • knowledge societies will have to be
    • societies of shared knowledge.
    • Koïchiro Matsuura ,
    • Director-General of UNESCO
  • 4. Challenges…
    • Challenges facing societies
      • Globalization
      • Rise of knowledge-intensive societies
      • Demand for increasingly skilled population
    • Challenges to education systems
      • Extend reach of education
      • Improve quality and flexibility
      • Could technology offer the solution?
  • 5. New developments…
    • An important convergence
      • Increasing connectivity
      • Growing numbers of low-cost devices
      • Expanding body of open digital content
    • Together they facilitate the sharing of knowledge
  • 6. Open Educational Resources
    • What are they?
      • Digitized educational materials offered freely and openly for use and re-use in teaching, learning and research
    • Why are they important?
      • Contribute to building a culture of sharing
  • 7. II
    • The growing OER movement:
    • Evidence of a culture of sharing
  • 8. MIT OpenCourseWare
    • 1999: faculty response to challenge of online education
    • 2000: OCW initiated
    • Goal: make accessible all primary course material on the web
    • 2002: launched 50-course pilot
    • 2009: almost 1,900 courses available
  • 9. 2002 UNESCO meeting
    • Academics convened to assess potential of open courseware for developing countries
    • Positive response
    • Participants coined the term Open Educational Resources for this “universal resource for the whole of humanity”
  • 10. Growth of a movement… OpenCourseWare Consortium
    • 2005: consortium established to assist the OCW movement
    • Goal: support collaboration among 200+ member institutions worldwide
    • mid-2008: 6,200 courses available
  • 11. OpenER… addressing national objectives
    • Goal: 50% participation in higher education by 2010
    • 2006: Open University of the Netherlands launches OpenER
    • Objectives
      • Bridge gap between informal and formal learning
      • Reduce barriers to higher education
    • 2008: Minister of Education launches national OER infrastructure
  • 12. III
    • UNESCO action:
    • Promoting awareness of OER
  • 13. The need for awareness raising
    • Potential of OER to contribute to building knowledge societies – especially knowledge-sharing societies
    • But…
    • No awareness of availability  resources not utilized and potential not realized
  • 14. Building the OER Community
    • Objectives
      • Increase awareness
      • Support capacity building and decision making
    • Activities
      • 2005: first forum 500 participants from 90 countries
      • 2005-2007: regular topic-specific discussions
      • 2007: Way Forward consultation
  • 15. Characteristics of the community
    • 600+ members
    • 98 countries
    • 67 developing countries
  • 16. Community members… organizations represented
    • Over 50% from higher education institutions
    • Over 20% from international organizations and NGOs
  • 17. Community members… positions held
    • Almost 40% held high-level positions
    • Almost 20% teaching professionals
  • 18. 2007 consultation: 14 issues
    • Advancing the movement
    • Awareness raising
    • Communities and networking
    • Research
    • Enabling creation and re-use
    • Policies
    • Standards
    • Technology tools
    • Quality assurance
    • Capacity development
    • Enabling learning with OER
    • Learning support services
    • Assessment of learning
    • Removing barriers to OER
    • Accessibility
    • Copyright and licensing
    • Financing
    • Sustainability
  • 19. What are the priorities?
  • 20. 6 priorities
    • Awareness raising and promotion
    • Communities and networking
    • Capacity development
    • Sustainability
    • Quality assurance
    • Copyright
  • 21.  
  • 22. Who should take action?
    • Academics
      • research, learning support, assessment, quality
    • Higher education institutions
      • awareness, capacity, research, learning support
    • International organizations
      • awareness, copyright, financing, standards
    • National governments
      • financing, access, copyright, policy
  • 23. IV
    • Strengthening a culture of sharing at the national level
  • 24. The need for stimulus funding
    • Need for new funding models
    • Examples from Europe
      • Funding for OpenER from Dutch ministries
      • UK funding call: £4.7m for pilot OER programmes
    • Educational materials developed through public funding should be available to all
  • 25. The importance of accessibility
    • Investment in infrastructure and technology for equitable access
    • Challenge to public archives: respond to increasing demand for storage and access
    • Reach new audiences and enable new use through collaboration with online platforms (Flickr, Wikimedia Commons…)
  • 26. The need for enabling policy
    • A national culture of sharing must be enabled by policy
    • Output of government-supported work should be open
    • Degree of openness could be used to determine awarding of grants and contracts
  • 27. The need for champions
    • A key stakeholder role:
      • OER champion!
    • A role taken up with energy and commitment in Poland:
      • Modern Poland Foundation
      • Open Education Coalition
  • 28. Thank you for your attention
    • Join the Community
    • Email
    • [email_address]
    • Consult the resources
    • Wiki
    • http://oerwiki.iiep-unesco.org