Assistive Technology Presentation by Kate Mickey


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This is the presentation for GSU ITEC7530 M4 Assignment from Katheryn Mickey

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Assistive Technology Presentation by Kate Mickey

  1. 1. Assistive Technology for the Classroom Teacher By Katheryn Mickey
  2. 2.  Definition of Assistive Technology and related terms Who uses Assistive Technology How do you determine who needs Assistive Technology Types of LD or conditions that benefit from AT Types of Assistive Technologies Sources of Assistive Technologies
  3. 3. “Disability is a natural part of the human experience and in no way diminishes the right of individuals to participate in or contribute to society. Improving educational results for children with disabilities is an essential element of our national policy of ensuring equality of opportunity, full participation, independent living, and economic self-sufficiency for individuals with disabilities.”Public Law 108-446 Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004; (c) findings
  4. 4. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) The official federal law is: "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.“ (Pub. L. No. 101-476, 104 Stat. 1142).“The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a law ensuring services tochildren with disabilities throughout the nation. IDEA governs how states and publicagencies provide early intervention, special education and related services to more than6.5 million eligible infants, toddlers, children and youth with disabilities.disabilities.” Building the Legacy: IDEA 2004, (2012) U.S. Department of Education
  5. 5. Assistive TechnologyAssistive Technology (AT) is a term which refers to devices and/or servicesthat are utilized to help individuals with disabilities to be more successful ataccomplishing tasks, interacting with others, and functioning moreindependently. There is a huge range of Assistive Technology devices andservices that provide support to persons with mild, moderate and severedisabilities.
  6. 6. Assistive Technology DeviceAssistive technology device.--“In general.--The term `assistive technology device means any item,piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquiredcommercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used toincrease, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of a childwith a disability.”“The term does not include a medical device that is surgicallyimplanted, or the replacement of such device.”Public Law 108-446 Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004; Sec. 602.Note: 20 USC 1401, definition
  7. 7. Assistive Technology Services“Assistive technology service.--The term `assistive technology service means any service thatdirectly assists a child with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistivetechnology device. Such term includes-- a) the evaluation of the needs of such child, including a functional evaluation of the child in the childs customary environment; b) purchasing, leasing, or otherwise providing for the acquisition of assistive technology devices by such child; c) selecting, designing, fitting, customizing, adapting, applying, maintaining, repairing, or replacing assistive technology devices; d) coordinating and using other therapies, interventions, or services with assistive technology devices, such as those associated with existing education and rehabilitation plans and programs; e) training or technical assistance for such child, or, where appropriate, the family of such child; and f) training or technical assistance for professionals (including individuals providing education and rehabilitation services), employers, or other individuals who provide services to, employ, or are otherwise substantially involved in the major life functions of such child.” Public Law 108-446 Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004; Sec. 602. Note: 20 USC 1401, definition
  8. 8. Individual Education Programs (IEP)The Individual Education Program is referred to as an IEP. An IEP is an individualizededucational program of study for a student with special needs. Federal law dictates who,how, when and why a student will receive an IEP. Generally, any student who isdetermined to have a learning disability or special needs is eligible for an IEP, providedthat the disability affects their ability to function in the school environment. A parent,teacher, or medical professional may request an evaluation of the student to determinewhether the child qualifies for special education. The child’s need may range from verysimple to complex intervention. A panel is formed which might include specialists intherapy, education, sensory perceptions, as well as others. Once the request has beenmade, the evaluation must be completed within sixty days. At the conclusion of theprofessional evaluation, a comprehensive evaluation report or CER is created and it isthis document that is used to design the IEP. The parents can, and should, review theCER and IEP so there is full understanding and support for their child’s IEP.
  9. 9. Types of LD or conditions Area affected by disability or conditionADD Maintaining focus, following directions, completing tasksADHD Focus, sitting still, following directions,Auditory Processing HearingAutism Communication, but varies with type and severityCerebral palsy Muscle controlDyscalculia MathDysgraphia WritingDyslexia ReadingDysphasia / Aphasia LanguageDyspraxia Fine motor skillsVisual Processing Vision
  10. 10. Assistive Technology Devices AT devices and services that are “non-technology”Non-technology devises are characterized as a assistive device that does notincorporate electronic technology in order to function. Study CarrelThis is particularly useful forstudents who are easilydistracted, such as children withADD and ADHD. There arevarious styles of carrels fromportable (pictured) topermanent desks and groupedcarrels. Image from
  11. 11. AT devices and services that are “non-technology” Classroom SeatingSome students with auditory or visual impairments can benefit simply byseating them at the front of the classroom where they can more easilyhear the teacher or see the instructions. Image from
  12. 12. AT devices and services that are “non-technology” Mouth Sticks and Head SticksMouth sticks and head sticks are used by students, such as those withcerebral palsy to utilize touch screens and keyboards. Although they areused with high technology devices, the sticks are “no tech” items. Image from Image from
  13. 13. Assistive Technology Devices AT devices and services that are “low-technology”Low-technology devises are characterized as a assistive device thatuse relatively low or simple technology to function. Joy Stick and Mouse These devices are simple and easy to use. They are especially useful to students who have issues with fine Image from motor skills or muscle control. Image from
  14. 14. AT devices and services that are “low-technology” Vibrating WatchA vibrating wrist watch canhelp children who havedifficulty with stayingfocused, such as those withADD, ADHD as well as thehearing impaired. The watchcan be set to specifiedintervals with certainmessages. Image from
  15. 15. AT devices and services that are “low-technology” Audio Books Audio books and publications are an option for children who have difficulty reading, such as students with dyslexia. Image from
  16. 16. AT devices and services that are “low-technology” Low Vision MagnifierLow vision magnifiers aredesigned to help childrenwho have difficulty seeingtext due to vision issues thatcorrective prescriptionscannot overcome. Theequipment is designed toenlarge the text and brightenthe background to creategreater contrast for easierreading. Image from
  17. 17. Assistive Technology Devices AT devices and services that are “high-technology”High-technology devises are characterized as a assistive device that require complex programming to function. Optical Character Recognition Students with auditory processing issues can benefit from this software that reads the text aloud as it highlights the spoken words. Image from
  18. 18. AT devices and services that are “high-technology” Touch Screen ComputersStudents who have difficulty withdexterity and fine motor skillissues would benefit from usingtouch screen technology. Itprovides a simply way to makeselections. Tablets are populardevices but standard computerscan be outfitted with touchscreen monitors. Image from
  19. 19. AT devices and services that are “high-technology” Voice Recognition Software This software program is designed to convert the spoken word into text. This will benefit students who have difficulty writing, whether it is due to weak muscle control, dysgraphia, poor visual or other learning disabilities that affects their writing skills.Image from Image from computing
  20. 20. Resources for More Information about Assistive Technology DevicesThere are many resources available to students with disabilities.Listed below are some online resources to learn more aboutAssistive Technology devices and services.LEGALIndividuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of Department of Education; Assistive Technology
  21. 21. Resources for More InformationLEARNING DISIBILITIES ORGANIZATIONSLD Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities(NICHCY)www.nichcy.orgThe National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD)
  22. 22. Resources for More Information ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY PRODUCTSSpeech Recognition Software Optical Character Recognition Dragon Naturally Speaking ABBYY Finereader iListen OminPage Professional SpeakQ Presto! Chaos Conquered ViaVoice Readiris Pro 10TouchScreen Technology AudioBook ServicesApple iPad audibleDell AudiobooksHP Audio Books CornerTouchscreen iMAC Recorded BooksTouchscreen Technologies simply audiobooks
  23. 23. AbilityNet GATE (2010) wikis by Wetpaint (website) Retrieved from of an Environment – Classroom Example (blog) (April 20, 2012) Creative Research Corner (website) Retrieved from classroom.html#!/2010/04/affordance-of-environment-classroom.htmlAxistive (2001-2011) Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (website) Retrieved from, Katherine S., Ross, John D and Ertmer, Peggy A. (2010) Technology Integration for Meaningful Classroom Use, AStandards-Based Approach. Belmont, CA: WadsworthDuke University Libraries (2010) Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (website) Retrieved from (2009)eSpecial Needs, LLC (website) Retrieved from www.eSpecialNeeds.comKidsHealth (1995-2012) The Nemours Foundation (website) Retrieved from (2005-2012) HumanWare Group (website) Retrieved from
  24. 24. Sources - continuedKMA Computing (2010) (website) Retrieved from Ally (2012) Learning Ally, Inc. (website) Retrieved from OnLine (2010) WETA (website) Retrieved from Ally (2012) Learning Ally, Inc. (website) Retrieved from County Department of Education(2011) (website) Retrieved from Law 108-446 Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004. 20 USC 1400 note (website) Retrieved from (2012) (website) Retrieved from (1999-2012), LLC (website) Retrieved from
  25. 25. Sources - continuedTraxsys (2008) Traxsys Input Products (website) Retrieved from (2012) WatchMinder (website) Retrieved from (2001) Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike (website) Retrieved from entries)
  26. 26. This concludes the presentation onAssistive Technology for the Classroom Teacher