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Effective Community engagement

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  • 1. Effective Community Engagement Michael Johnny, York University Manager, Knowledge Mobilization Unit
  • 2. Overview1. Introductions – Objectives and Biases2. Assumptions3. Intersections with KMb4. Successful Collaborative Efforts5. Intersections with Industry Liaison6. Indigenous Communities7. Questions - Discussion 2
  • 3. 3
  • 4. Problem StatementCommunity-university engagement is not a new term,nor are the processes new. However, there areincreasing interests from stakeholders in academicresearch to see findings from research be utilized forthe benefits of Canadians, and people around theworld. This is changing the nature of scholarship formany academic researchers. 4
  • 5. Working to Eradicate Bullying: Deb PeplerBullying is a relationship problem thatmay carry through adolescence andinto adulthood in the form ofaggression, sexual harassment, datingaggression, and substance use.Working on the determinantsinterventions and treatments for bulliesand victims of bullying, Deb Peplerworks with researchers, governmentsand NGOs to enhance awareness,build research capacity, assessbullying problems and promoteevidence-based programs andeffective policies across Canada. 5
  • 6. 6
  • 7. Definitions – Knowledge Mobilization WHAT IS KNOWLEDGE MOBILIZATION Knowledge Mobilization is about ensuring that all citizens benefit publicly from funded research. It can take many forms, but the essential objective is to allow research knowledge to flow both from within the academic world, and between academic researchers and the wider community http://www.sshrc-crsh.gc.ca/society-societe/community-communitie/index-eng.aspx 7
  • 8. Definitions – Knowledge Transfer and Exchange Knowledge Transfer and Exchange is collaborative problem solving between researchers and decision makers Canadian Health Services Research Foundation 8
  • 9. Definitions – Knowledge Translation Knowledge Translation (KT) is defined as a dynamic and iterative process that includes synthesis, dissemination, exchange and ethically sound application of knowledge to improve the health of Canadians, provide more effective health services and products and strengthen the health care system. Canadian Institutes of Health Research 9
  • 10. Definitions – Knowledge Mobilization Knowledge Mobilization (KMb) is a suite of services that enhances the two-way connection between researchers and community stakeholders so that research and evidence can inform decisions about public policy and professional practice. KMb encompasses methods of knowledge transfer, translation, and exchange but extends these concepts to include the co-production of knowledge. York University’s Definition of Knowledge Mobilization 10
  • 11. KMb-related Assumptions (linked to engagement) 1. KMb is a social process. There is action and activity. 2. Co-production of knowledge is the most effective form of KMb. 3. Impact is measured at the level of the end user. 11
  • 12. Co-production in the world of KMb Knowledge Mobilization Research Producer User Summaries Research Push Exchange Pull Translation Research (KE) (KT) (KT) Help Desk Translation Help Desk co-production partnerships CBR Research Partnerships Research Forums Community Based Besearch KMb Interns KM in AM Social Media 12
  • 13. Portugal Cove, NL 13
  • 14. Partnerships for KMb throughout the Research Cycle Plan Consultation Wikis, blogs Partnerships Web site Research forum Town hall Theatre Posters public policy Policy brief Disseminate Execute professional practice PSA Practice Populations guideline Clinical practice Popular press Intervention Social studies Marketing Internships Evaluate Researcher exchange Surveys, case studies, expert panelists 14
  • 15. More Assumptions“There is value in research partnerships in solvingcommunity problems, building capacity, generating newideas, expanding research agendas and managing newskills and technologies”Learning from SSHRC Funded Partnerships, University of Victoria, Centre for Public Sector Studies,May 2012, Dr. Budd Hall and Crystal Tremblay 15
  • 16. Findings and Experiences of Successful Collaborative Efforts 1. From Community Perspectives 2. From University Perspectives 3. Overarching Findings 4. Conditions for Success 5. York Industry Liaison 6. Indigenous Communities 16
  • 17. Community Perspectives• Building stronger and more respectful links with universities• Building organizational capacity in the community• Personal transformation and empowerment• Improved services and policies• Economic contributions• Policy and Legislative impacts 17
  • 18. University Perspectives• Student training and research fellowships• Career development• Better receptivity to community partners and more inter-university linkages 18
  • 19. Other Findings• New “architecture of knowledge” – new phase of engaged scholarship• New appreciation of place• More dynamic and relevant curriculum• Recognition of roles of regional, sectorial and national research alliances and networks• Bringing new resources to our community in need• Partnerships can create a ‘new normal’ way of working• Knowledge cultures are different in communities and the university• Increasing recognition of partnership as a measure of academic excellence 19
  • 20. Conditions for Success – part 1• Governance – structure based on consensus making• MoU and Partnership Agreements• Values – mutual respect and trust• Range of partnership options• Participatory research approaches 20
  • 21. Conditions for Success – part 2• Equal balance of power• Sharing resources• Understanding the research process• Time for relationship building• Strong leadership 21
  • 22. Grand Canyon, AZ 22
  • 23. Industry Liaison at YorkIndustry Liaison Manager Cheryl Giblon – ext 55753 cgiblon@yorku.ca 23
  • 24. Indigenous CommunitiesA unique framework for engagement• Capacity building• Economic development• Language and cultural revitalization• Valuing traditional knowledge• Reciprocal, trusting relationships• Be present. Practice meaningful consultation• Relevant KMb practices 24
  • 25. Resources• Learning from SSHRC Funded Partnerships, University of Victoria, Centre for Public Sector Studies, May 2012, Dr. Budd Hall and Crystal Tremblay• York KMb Unit, Industry Liaison Office, York TD Centre for Community Engagement (http://cec.info.yorku.ca/)• Campus Community Partnership for Health • http://www.communityengagedscholarship.info/• Institute for Community Engaged Scholarship • http://www.theresearchshop.ca/• http://cescholarship.ca/ 25
  • 26. Community Engagement, Research and KMb Things I Think I Know • Like KMb, success in community engagement can be facilitated by relationships – get to know leaders in your field within your community. Get to know these people…and let them get to know you! • Values – truth, honesty, respect, integrity. • Recognition for CES is lagging, but there are ways to link engagement to academic T&P. 26
  • 27. Summary – Michael’s Ideas What the heck is knowledge mobilization? - collaborative, relational, purposeful Respect the clash of cultures…make time for effective engagement…expand the project planning cycle “Go slow in order to go far and fast” Knowledge is Power Sharing is Power 27
  • 28. Michael Johnnymjohnny@yorku.cahttp://www.researchimpact.ca