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Presentation Main Conference Martin Kropff
 

Presentation Main Conference Martin Kropff

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  • 15/11/11
  • Plaatjes in de hokjes?
  • Plaatjes in de hokjes?
  • Plaatjes in de hokjes?
  • Plaatjes in de hokjes?
  • Plaatjes in de hokjes?
  • 15/11/11 In het verleden hebben we aandacht gehad voor de “gemiddelde” verhoging.
  • 15/11/11 Voorbeeld van productie strategie. Europe meer productie door hogere Opbrengsten en weinig uitbreiding van land. Afika juist veel uitbreiding van Land en dat helpt ook bepaald niet bij bedwingen emissies. (Prem Bindraban, Erwin Bulte, Ken Giller, Holger Meinke, Arthur Mol, Pepijn van Oort, Peter Oosterveer, Herman van Keulen & Meike Wollni, 2009. Beyond competition – Pathways for Africa ’s agricultural development. Plant Research International, Wageningen UR, Report 242)
  • 15/11/11
  • 15/11/11

Presentation Main Conference Martin Kropff Presentation Main Conference Martin Kropff Presentation Transcript

  • Can Agriculture feed our world? 125 years KLV Prof Martin Kropff, Rector Magnificus Wageningen University
  • Global Challenges Food security Climate change/ Tipping points Biobased Economy Stewardship Food nutrition & health AGRI FOOD
  • Food security Distribution or production locally? Global production Hunger threshold Recommended
  • Food to feed the world
  • The challenge for mankind 2x more with 2 x less
  • Projected effect of climate change Cline, W. R. 2007. Global Warming and Agriculture: Impact Estimates by Country. Washington D.C., USA: Peterson Institute.
  • Possible interventions Innovative greenhouse GMO Agronomy Institutions
  • Possible interventions Greenhouse as energy source GMO Agronomy Institutions
  • Possible interventions Greenhouse as energy source GMO Agronomy Institutions shine
  • Possible interventions Greenhouse as energy source GMO Agronomy Institutions shine
  • Possible interventions Greenhouse as energy source GMO Agronomy Institutions shine
  • Technological options: Productivity
  • Technological options: Productivity increase Arable land (m hectare) West Africa West Europe Maïs oogst (ton/hectare) !
  • Technological options: Two strategies Theoretical maximum yield Actual yield Theoretical maximum yield Actual yield Yield gap Yield gap GMO? Decrease the Yield-gap Increase maximum yield
  • Technological options: Biobased Economy Food Materials Energy
  • Technological/Socio-economic options
    • Climate change: Agriculture as part of the solution
    • Food to feed the world
    • Farming systems adapted to climate change
    • Mitigating climate change
  • Technological/socio-economic options
    • Roughly 1/3 of food produced for human consumption is lost or wasted globally. Which amounts to about 1.3 billion tons per year (FAO, 2011 Institutions
    • the Netherlands total shrinkage in the food chain values € 4.4 billion
  • Socio economic options
    • Co-innovation (topsectors global)
    • Institutions
      • Financial mechanisms
      • Intermediate co-ordination (AGRA....)
      • Governance at the global level
        • Which current mechanisms work?
        • How do we handle financial crises?
        • Will we be able to handle major food crises?
  • Is there a role for the Netherlands? Sector innovative and world leading (2 nd exporter) Knowledge infrastructure world class Government Industry Knowledge institutions Coherent Connected Committed PPP
    • world wide networks
      • Education: capacity building, exchange
      • Research: programs
      • Innovation: international PPP based in regions
    • Golden triangles in regions of the world
      • Universities and research institutes
      • (regional) Governments
      • Businesses
    Solutions through international co-operation? America Asia Africa
  • Conclusions
    • 2 x more with 2 x less (eco-efficiency)
    • Biobased economy (waste, valorisation, P)
    • Agriculture and climate change: triple win (A, M, F)
    • Approach through PPPs, invest in AR
    • New international governance systems (long term thinking)
  • Agriculture can feed the world! Opening of the Conference of ELLS Rector Magnificus