KLV ADDIS CONFERENCE ON  “ HOW TO FEED THE WORLD?”: THE ETHIOPIAN PERSPECTIVE 28 January 2011
Introduction <ul><li>On 28 January 2011 KLV and Wageningen UR jointly organized an Alumni conference in Addis Ababa </li><...
Growth and Transformation Plan GTP/AGP (2010-2015) <ul><li>GTP aims at achieving national food security and at increasing ...
GTP/AGP: Up-scaling best practices <ul><li>The target is to enable all farmers to produce as model farmers (8 tonnes/ha wh...
GTP/AGP: Water, agri-business <ul><li>Improving agricultural water use, small-scale irrigation and watershed-based soil an...
PSNP in marginal areas <ul><li>The Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) targets areas with chronic food insecurity, maln...
  PSNP public works: percolation ponds, and gulley rehabilitation
Ethiopia: Opportunities <ul><li>Strong political commitment: investment in agriculture accounts to over 10% of GDP </li></...
 
Ethiopia: Challenges <ul><li>High population growth (>2 million people per year) -  47% of children under 5 are chronicall...
Recommendations <ul><li>To the Netherlands Government: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continue investing in capacity development in...
Recommendations <ul><li>To  KLV Wageningen Alumni Network: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>KLV and Wageningen UR to help Ethiopia to...
<ul><li>THANK YOU      Dr. Eyasu Elias </li></ul>
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Presentation Main Conference Eyasu Elias from Ethiopia

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Presentation Main Conference Eyasu Elias from Ethiopia

  1. 1. KLV ADDIS CONFERENCE ON “ HOW TO FEED THE WORLD?”: THE ETHIOPIAN PERSPECTIVE 28 January 2011
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>On 28 January 2011 KLV and Wageningen UR jointly organized an Alumni conference in Addis Ababa </li></ul><ul><li>50 Alumni (Wageningen University, VHL and CDI) discussed the conference theme -“How to feed the World?” </li></ul><ul><li>Five key note presentations and an opening address by the Netherlands Ambassador </li></ul>
  3. 3. Growth and Transformation Plan GTP/AGP (2010-2015) <ul><li>GTP aims at achieving national food security and at increasing exports of high-value crops </li></ul><ul><li>AGP is a government programme supported by joint donors (US$ 300 million), aiming at: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scaling-up model farmers’ practices –or: “best fits”-to “non-model” farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving agricultural input use (seeds, fertilizers and small-scale irrigation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transforming farmers to produce high-value agricultural commodities </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. GTP/AGP: Up-scaling best practices <ul><li>The target is to enable all farmers to produce as model farmers (8 tonnes/ha while present average is 2-3 tonnes) </li></ul><ul><li>The Ethiopian research and extension system is in place to assist farmers with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indentification, documentation of farmers’ innovations and “best fits” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dissemination of improved practices and “best fits” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In parallel, piloting new technologies from research for up-scaling </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. GTP/AGP: Water, agri-business <ul><li>Improving agricultural water use, small-scale irrigation and watershed-based soil and water conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Agri-business and market development - transforming farmers to producing high value commodities </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen supply system of key inputs (seeds, fertilizer, livestock breeds) </li></ul>
  6. 6. PSNP in marginal areas <ul><li>The Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) targets areas with chronic food insecurity, malnutrition, and vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>There are 7.2 million structurally food insecure people enlisted for food aid in Ethiopia </li></ul><ul><li>PSNP activities (US$ 250 million): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Household asset building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public works (cash or food-for-work) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resettlement (on voluntary basis) in lowlands and higher productivity ecologies </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7.   PSNP public works: percolation ponds, and gulley rehabilitation
  8. 8. Ethiopia: Opportunities <ul><li>Strong political commitment: investment in agriculture accounts to over 10% of GDP </li></ul><ul><li>Ample natural resource base and cheap labour: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Huge area of high-potential arable land (only 8.5 M ha of 112 M ha is utilized) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diverse agro-ecologies: possibilities for different crops in different areas at different times </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extensive extension system: 69,000 frontline extension workers in crop, livestock and natural resource management </li></ul><ul><li>High potential for international trade with >20% export growth/year </li></ul>
  9. 10. Ethiopia: Challenges <ul><li>High population growth (>2 million people per year) - 47% of children under 5 are chronically malnourished </li></ul><ul><li>Degrading natural resource base: </li></ul><ul><li>soil erosion, deforestation, loss of </li></ul><ul><li>biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Limited infrastructure (poor secondary </li></ul><ul><li>and tertiary roads), poorly functioning markets </li></ul><ul><li>Diminutive and fragmented land holdings: average holding is <1 ha/family of 6-8 persons for over 60% of farmers </li></ul>
  10. 11. Recommendations <ul><li>To the Netherlands Government: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continue investing in capacity development in higher education (e.g. NICHE), and in knowledge transfer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Align development programmes and strategies to other partners (e.g. CAADP, FAAP & AGRA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NL government can use the ‘Ethiopian experience’ in its strategies in other partner countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invite the Dutch Permanent Representative to FAO, Mrs. Gerda Verburg, to promote these proposals </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Recommendations <ul><li>To KLV Wageningen Alumni Network: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>KLV and Wageningen UR to help Ethiopia to establish an Ethiopia-Wageningen alumni association </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To identify and contact alumni in Ethiopia that can help the Netherlands Embassy and development organisations to design, implement and review programmes in Ethiopia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To establish an on-line platform for professional discussion and sharing of ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To facilitate better networking opportunities for Ethiopian alumni members </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>THANK YOU Dr. Eyasu Elias </li></ul>
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