OER for ELT, BBELT 2014 (Mexico)


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OER can help English teachers share and develop content to meet the needs of students and trainee teachers.

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OER for ELT, BBELT 2014 (Mexico)

  1. 1. Laura Sagert, CIDE laura.sagert@cide.edu CC-BY 3.0
  2. 2. What are OER? 
  3. 3. UNESCO, 2002 Paris Declaration, 2012  …teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions.
  4. 4. What types of OER exist? Written Texts Media + other information  Textbooks  Pictures  Videos  Audio . . .  Articles  Blogs  Course syllabi  Lecture notes  Tests . . .  Grammar and vocabulary exercises  Corpora (FLAX) . . . “… anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them” (UNESCO, 2002)
  5. 5. What is meant by FREE? gratis vs. libre FREE AS IN BEER = GRATIS Photo credit: Jacob Fenger (Fengergold) (2006). Free beer tap in Bolzano. Flickr. http://www.flickr.com/photos/42934556@N00/245866252 /. CC-BY 2.0. FREE AS IN FREEDOM = LIBRE Photo credit: Oddsock (2006). Rainbow Freedom 1. Flickr. http://www.flickr.com/photos/28648431@N00/255199017 CC-BY 2.0
  6. 6. Understanding “openness” in education Video credit: Nadia Mireles (2012). Open Education Matters: Why is it important to share content? CC BY 3.0 http://youtu.be/dTNnxPcY49Q
  7. 7. Why does “open” matter? Shared content can be improved upon. It can reach people who would not normally have access to such information and can be changed so as to be of the most benefit possible to specific audiences. The costs of use are limitedin the sense that we don’t need to pay license rights for each student. **Video credit: Nadia Mireles (2012). Open Education Matters: Why is it important to share content? CC BY 3.0 http://youtu.be/dTNnxPcY49Q
  8. 8. Legal use Respect To think about: What are we teaching our students?
  9. 9. A. Use the work of others B. Change the work of others C. Permit others to use ‘our’work Show full respect to the intent of the original author(s)
  10. 10. Use: The 4 R’s Framework • Use “as is” • Modify to suit the needs of specific learners • Combine with other content • Share / publish David Wiley (2009). Defining “Open”. http://opencontent.org/blog/archive s/1123re copies CC By 3.0 REUSE REDISTRIBUTE CREATE SHARE REMIX REVISE
  11. 11. What do we mean by copyright? Standard Copyright “Open” licenses (Berne Convention)  Automatic (fomal registration of work not required)  Life of creator + 50years or more; anonymous work, 50 years after publication  Permission from copyright holder (s) is needed to reproduce a work , or segment of a work, in any form.  Fair use?  All rights reserved  Deliberate  Cessation of rights by the copyright holder(s)  Partial  Complete  Not necessary obtain permission as long as specifications are respected.  Some rights reserved
  12. 12. From Resource to OER: OPEN LICENCES a. Retain copyright but grant some permissions (partial cession of rights): copy, modify, publish, distribute, *sell b. Cede all rights Examples Creative Commons Licences, Open Government Licenses (UK, Canada), GNU General Public Licence (Copyleft), MIT License, Apache License Public Domain
  13. 13. How to grant permission or cede rights? One option: Creative Commons Licences  Public domain CC0  Attribution CC BY  Attribution, Share Alike CC BY-SA  Attribution No Derivatives CC BY-ND  Attribution, Non-Commerial Use CC BY-NC  CC BY-NC-SA  CC BY-NC-ND Learn more or apply an open license to your work: creativecomments.org
  14. 14. • Time • Variety • Access • Learning community • Set an example
  15. 15. Teachers tend to be busy people; we don’t always have time to create resources, especially if we need to start from scratch. TIME Image credit: Urs Steiner (2011) stoney_steiner_multitasking http://www.flickr.com/photos/62790932 CC BY 2.0
  16. 16. VARIETY, BREADTH, AND RICHNESS Real knowlege is to know the breadth of one’s ignorance. —Confucious Different Resources New Ideas Photo credit: Karen H. 2010. Fruit. CC BY 2.0 http://www.flickr.com/photos/47409110 Photo credit: Ella Novak (2010) Fruit in a Basket. CC BY 2.0 http://www.flickr.com/photos/82547169.
  17. 17. ACCESS Online at any time Image credit: Mike Licht NotionsCapital.com (2010). Surfing the Web. CC BY 2.0 http://www.flickr.com/photos/9106303@N05 Offline all the time? Photo credit: Daniel Lobo / Daquella manera (2004). Escuela rural. CC BY 2.0 http://www.flickr.com/photos/daquellamanera/74820634
  18. 18. Communities of practice Comments: Peer review, constructive criticism Sharing: Learners and content creators; intended and unintended audiences. Image credits: Nadia Mireles (2012). Open Education matters: Why is it important to share? CC BY 3.0 http://youtu.be/dTNnxPcY49Q
  19. 19. Setting an example? A “teacher’s friend”? How many of the copies that we make for our students are fair and legal? Photo credit: Dani Luire/ Dani P. L. (2006). Photocopy Monotony 02. CC BY 2.0. http://www.flickr.com/photos/82567897@N00/1439017
  20. 20. a. Ready-to-use content (Check the quality!) b. Bits and pieces to build upon in designing your own course materials c. Exercises for students (reflect, combine adapt: active learning) d. Evaluate your own work (benchmark)
  21. 21. Ready to use, or to adapt Alice Woodward. Gerbil in Chair. Wikimedia.
  22. 22. Student-centred exercises
  23. 23. Pieces to build on, and to help you reflect on your own work The instructional design process and the OER life cycle Source: http://col-oer.weebly.com/module-6---the-oer-life-cycle.html . Last checked 4/03/2104
  24. 24. Portals and gateways Institutional repositories Web-search
  25. 25. Portals & Gateways
  26. 26. Institutional Repositories: Universities, Ministries, Foundations. . .
  27. 27. Filtered searches
  28. 28. Learners Creators Institutions Other actors / organizations Leanr more; suggested links: JISC Open Educational Resources Info Kit: Stakeholders and benefits Commonwealth of Learning: Publications
  29. 29. Challenges of sharing OER  Fear: The “risks” of peer comments.  Selection: What to share? How to do so? How to be sure we have the right to share out work? (Do we “own” our work?)  Format: Ease of access vs. ease of modification  Accesibility: Where can we share content other can find? Site, blog, repositories?  Motivation: Why bother?
  30. 30. Shared knowledge Fair use Image credit: Giulia Forsythe,(2012). hy Open Education?: BCcampus #OERforum @opencontent. CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 http://www.flickr.com/photos/gforsyt he/8100966908/
  31. 31. Links: Exploring OER Learning more about OER Repositories & search engines  COL Open Educational     Reosurces OER (one-day workshop materials)  JISC Open Educational Resources infoKit  Commonwealth of Learning (COL): Publications  UNESCO: OER Commonwealth Connects Connexions Merlot II OER Commons  CC Search-Creative Commons  OER Dynamic Search Engine  University Learning = OCW+OER = Free
  32. 32. Sample used in session: Mexico’s Popocatéptl: to flee or not to flee