In the next 20-30 minutes presentation, theaudience will gain some information on thediabetes.At the end of the presentation, with at least85% accuracy, attendees will be able to definediabetes, determine the causes, identify thesymptoms of diabetes, ascertain if they havethe disease, control, and manage diabetes.Introduction
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Diabetes results from a person’s high bloodglucose (blood sugar), either because insulinproduction is inadequate, or because the bodyscells do not respond properly to insulin, or bothInsulin is a hormone that is important formetabolism and utilization of energy from theingested nutrients (glucose).A hormone is a chemical messenger thattransports a signal from one cell to another
Diabetes is a disease resulting from theabnormality of metabolismThe digestive system break down the consumedfood into glucose (a form of sugar in the blood)to energize the human body for daily activities.Medical doctors refer to a disorder of themetabolism causing excessive thirst and theproduction of large amounts of urine asdiabetes mellitus
Poor diet. Diets high in refined foods and sweets(and low in fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains,and lean protein)Sedentary lifestyle. Exercise is key to regulatingblood sugar levels and regular exercise isnecessary for optimal health.Being overweight or obese. Extra fat contributesto insulin resistance, which in turn can eventuallyturn into diabetes.
Being older. Diabetes is more common in people age 50or older (although it can occur at any age, and isunfortunately being diagnosed more and more inchildren).Genetics. There is a hereditary link where a parent (orparents) can pass diabetes on to their children.Visit your doctor and advise him if you have beenexperiencing any signs of diabetes. And get tested -many people are unaware they have the disease!Making your health a priority can help to prevent ordelay a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes
Question Yes NoDo you experience the urge to urinate morefrequently during nighttime?Do you feel unusually tired and excessivelyexhausted or fatigued all the time?Do you experience excessive hunger pangs andcraving for sweets?Do you suffer from sudden mood swings andirritability?Do you experience any kind of tingling sensationor numbness in your hands, feet or fingers?Do you suffer from blurred vision?If you answer yes to all questions, you might have the disease
There are three types of diabetesFailure of insulin production leads to the precariouscondition of diabetes mellitus.Insulin controls the central metabolic processes
Type 1 DiabetesIt results from the bodyinadequacy to produceinsulin.It insulin-dependentdiabetes, juvenile diabetes,or early-onset diabetes.People usually developtype 1 diabetes before their40th year, often in earlyadulthood or teenage yearsPatients with type 1diabetes will need to takeinsulin injections for therest of their life.Get the facts
Type 2 DiabetesThe pancreatic cells in the body do not produce enough insulin forproper function, or the cells in the body do not react to insulin (insulinresistance). Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide areof this type.Patients with type 2 diabetes might use prescribed drugs to reduce theirblood sugar or might require externally supplied insulin if othermedications fail to control blood glucose levels adequacy (Nordqvist,2013; Vable et al., 2011).Overweight and obese individuals have a much higher risk of developingtype 2 diabetes than people with a healthy body weight. People with alot of visceral fat (central obesity, belly fat, or abdominal obesity) areespecially at risk.Being overweight/obese causes the body to release chemicals that candestabilize the bodys cardiovascular and metabolic systems.
Type 3 DiabetesType 3 is gestational diabetes. This type affectsfemales during pregnancy.Some women have very high levels of glucose intheir blood, and their bodies are unable to produceenough insulin to transport all of the glucose intotheir cells, resulting in progressively rising levels ofglucose.
Type 1FrequenturinationUnusual thirstExtremehungerUnusualweight lossExtremefatigue andIrritabilityType 2Any of the type 1symptomsFrequent infectionsBlurred visionCuts/bruises that areslow to healTingling/numbness in thehands/feetRecurring skin, gum, orbladder infections
Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose (SMBG)Individuals can monitor their glucose level with a glucose meter, asmall, battery-operated and easy to use deviceResearch results revealed that standard medical advice lead to diabetesself-management behaviors across the United States (Vaccaro etal., 2012, p. 8).Planning your food consumptionOverweight and obese individuals have a much higher risk of developingtype 2 diabetes than people with a healthy body weight. People with alot of visceral fat (central obesity, belly fat, or abdominal obesity) areespecially at risk.Being overweight/obese causes the body to release chemicals that candestabilize the bodys cardiovascular and metabolic systems.
Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose (SMBG)No one ignores the existing differences amongindividuals. Hence, the need to customize foodcure to control Type 2 Diabetes. Thenutritionists and doctors offer free onlineservices to help in this matter. Please, click onthe following link for personalized doctordiagnosis and prescription: (http://www.joybauer.com/quizzes/type-2-diabetes.aspx?xid=gc&gclid=CNmjlYD14LYCFUFo4AodkiQAWA)
Fasting Blood Sugar Range Mg/DL Mmol/LLow Blood Sugar 30 - 70 1.7 – 3.9Normal Blood Sugar 70 - 100 3.9 – 5.5Pre-Diabetic Range 101 - 125 5.6 -6.9Diabetes Range 126 - 600 7.0 – 33.3Conversion Chart for Blood Sugar Levels:mg/dL to mmol/L (Self-Monitoring)8 mg/dL of blood glucose = 1 mmol/L of blood glucose(reading after fasting for a minimum of 8 hours)
Planning your foodconsumptionOverweight andobese individualshave a much higherrisk of developingtype 2 diabetes thanpeople with a healthybody weight. Peoplewith a lot of belly faare especially at risk.Beingoverweight/obesecauses the body torelease chemicalsthat can destabilizethe bodyscardiovascular andmetabolic systems.PlanIntelligently
Diabetes Food PyramidDoctors and dietitiansrecommend to eatmore from the bottomof the pyramid thanthe top
1. Using a dinner plate, draw animaginary line down the middle ofyour plate, then divide the left sideof your plate once more into 2 equalsections. Now you have 3 sectionson your plate—2 small and 1 large.2. For every meal, try to fill thelargest section with non-starchyvegetables such as spinach3. In 1 of the small sections, placestarchy foods such as whole-grainbreads, rice, pasta, tortillas, peas,potatoes, corn, lima beans, low-fatcrackers or chips, or pretzels.4. In the other small section, putyour low-fat meat such as a deck-of-cards-size piece of chicken, tuna,salmon, cod, lean beef, or pork; orgo with high-protein meatsubstitutes such as tofu, eggs, orlow-fat cheese.
Physical activity lowers the levels of blood sugarAerobic exercises such as brisk walking, joggingor biking are especially goodGardening and housework can lower the bloodsugar
Insulin and oral diabetes medicationsdeliberately work to lower the blood sugarIt is imperative to consult a doctor
ConclusionIt is imperative to eat well and exerciseregularly to prevent and/or control diabetes
Markowitz, J.T., Volkening, L.K., Butler, D. A., Antisdel-Lomaglio, J., Anderson,B. J., & Laffel, L. M. (2012). Re-examining a measure of diabetes-relatedburden in parents of young people with Type 1 diabetes: The problem areasin diabetes survey - parent pevised version (PAID-PR). Diabetic Medicine: AJournal Of The British Diabetic Association, 29(4), 526-530Nordqvist, C. (2013). Diabetes information section. Retrieved fromhttp://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/diabetes/Vable, A. M., M.P.H., Drum, M. L., PhD., Tang, H., Chin, Marshall H,M.D.,M.P.H., Lindau, Stacy T,M.D., M.A.P.P., & Huang, Elbert S,M.D., M.P.H. (2011).Implications of the new definition of diabetes for health disparities. Journalof the National Medical Association, 103(3), 219-23. Retrieved fromhttp://search.proquest.com/docview/878542978?accountid=14872Vaccaro, J., Feaster, D., Lobar, S., Baum, M., Magnus, M., & Huffman, F.(2012). Medical advice and diabetes self-management reported by Mexican-American, Black- and White-non-Hispanic adults across the United States.BMC Public Health, 12(185), 1-10. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-185
1. What is Diabetes?A. The body’s inability to regulate the amount ofsugar (specifically, glucose) in the bloodB. A lack of insulin production in the bodyC. Improper response to insulin of bodys cellsD. Individuals with high blood sugarE. All of the above
TRUE False3. Diabetes should eat well andexercise regularly
TYPE 1TYPE 2Frequent urinationUnusual thirstExtreme hungerUnusual weight lossExtreme fatigue and IrritabilityFrequent infectionsBlurred visionCuts/bruises that are slow to healRecurring skin, gum, or bladder infections4. Match thefollowingAssessment
Assessment5. HomeworkPlease, click on the following linkfor personalized doctor diagnosisand prescription: (http://www.joybauer.com/quizzes/type-2-)
Tick the appropriate box for each question True False1.When a person with diabetes feels verythirsty, is urinating frequently, feelstired, he/she may have high bloodglucose or hyperglycemia.2. As long as a person with diabetes doesnot eat sugar or foods containing sugarhis/her blood glucose will be controlled .3. It is very important that the frail seniorperson with diabetes eat enough food toprovide adequate nutrition.4. It is important to soak the feet ifsomeone has diabetesGroup Post Test