What is instructional technology? Instructional technology = Educational technology GOAL = to learn Always Improve
History 1920’s Brain – muscle Empirical Knowledge
History 1930’s Great Depression Slowed things down
History 1940’s World War II Rush for advancement
History 1950’s B.F. Skinner Blooms Taxonomy Internet for military
History 1960’s Audio Visual Era
History 1970’s Search for new “ Traditional” style
History 1980’s George Bush Push to Standards Based
History 1990’s Business & Internet take off
History Print Press Internet MAJOR CHANGES NOW
Past Trends 1996 – 2002 Don Eley’s 8 Trends
“ Need to be Connected”
Joke Rip Van Winkle
We are different LEARN different = TEACH different Change is needed!
Future Prepare for success and nothing less!
Implications United States – 3 rd world country soon?
2007 Horizon Report
- User-Created Content - Social Networking
- Mobile Phones - Virtual Worlds
- The New Scholarship and Emerging Forms of Publication
Massively Multiplayer Educational Gaming
(Horizon Report, 2007, 6)
National Center on Education and the Economy 1. Assume that we will do the job right the first time 2. Make much more efficient use of the available resources. 3. Recruit from the top third of the high school graduates going on to college for the next generation of school teachers 4. Develop standards, assessments, and curriculum that reflect today’s needs and tomorrow’s requirements. 5. Create high performance schools and districts everywhere - how the system should be governed financed, organized, and managed. (Tough Choices, 2007, 9-20).
6. Provide high - quality universal early childhood education. 7. Give strong support to the students who need it worst. 8. Enable every member of this adult workforce to get the new literacy skills. 9. Create personal competitiveness accounts – a GI Bill for our times. 10. Create regional competitiveness authorities to make America competitive (Tough Choices, 2007, 9-20). National Center on Education and the Economy
Conclusion - Change is inevitable - The sooner the better
References Davis, M. (2008, June 25). NEA, AFT report outlines ed-tech problems. Education Weeks Digital Directions, 2(1). Del, S. (2004, September). The merging of literacy and technology in the 21 st century: a bonus for gifted education. Gifted Child Today, 27(2), 32-35. Retrieved July 12, 2010, from Ebscohost. Educause Learning Initiative, New Media Consortium. (2007). The 2007 horizon report . Stanford, CA: The New Media Consortium. Ely, D.P. (2002). Trends in educational technology . (Report No. IR-113). Washington, DC: Department of Education. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED-99-CO-0005)
References Grzondziel. H., Hillebrandt, D., Schott, F. (2001). What kind of instructional theory do we need for instructional technology in the 21 st century? Journal of Structured Learning & Intelligent Systems, 14, 371-383. Miranda, C.A., Steptoe, S., & Wallis, C. (2006, December 18). How to bring our schools out of the 20 th century. Time, 168(25), 50-56. Retrieved June 10, 2010, from Ebscohost. National Center on Education and the Economy. (2007). Tough choices tough times . Washington, DC: National Center on Education and the Economy. O’Day, D.H. Howto make pedagogically meaningful animations for teaching and research using PowerPoint & Camtasia. Mississauga, ON. Canada: University of Mississauga, Department of Biology.
References P21 Framework definitions . (2009, December). Partnership for 21 st century skills. 1-9. Prensky, M. (2001, October). Digital natives, digital immigrants. On the Horizon, 9(5). Prensky, M. (2001, December). Do they really think differently? On the Horizon, 9(6). Regan, B. (2008, July 1). Why we need to teach 21 st century skills – and how to do it. MultiMedia & Internet @ Schools. Retrieved June 21, 2010, from http://www.mmischools.com/Articles/PrintArticle.aspx?ArticleID=61011 Shrock, S.A. (1995). A brief history of instructional development . Carbondale, Illinois: Southern Illinois University, Curriculum and Instruction. Technology. (2010). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Retrieved July 5, 2010, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/technology Woolman, D. C. (2002, January). The quest for international understanding in united states education, 1920 – 1939. Social Alternatives, 21(1), 23-26. Yildiz, M.N. (2002, November 2). Semiotics of digital media in education . New Jersey, NJ: William Paterson University.