KJ SOMAIYA COMPREHENSIVE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION,TRAINING AND RESEARCHQUALITY OF HUMAN LIFENAME: ROOPA. KOTIANSubject: Economics Std: IXthRoll No. 34 B.Ed 2010-11
QUALITY OF HUMAN LIFE : CONTENT PHYSICAL QUALITY OF LIFE INDEX LIFE EXPECTANCY INFANT MORTALITY RATE LITERACY RATE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX QUALITY OF LIFE INDEX
PHYSICAL QUALITY OF LIFEINDEX Developed for the Overseas Development Council in the mid-1970s by Morris David Morris, Three Criteria to formulate this index3. Life Expectancy4. Infant Mortality Rate5. Literacy Rate
LIFE EXPECTANCY RATE Measured at Birth or age one. The maximum value decided is 77. The minimum value decided is 38. The 2010 report given by UN says that Indian life expectancy rate is 64.6.
LIFE EXPECTANCY RATE FROM 1990 TILL 201066646260 LIFE EXPECTANCY58 RATE565452 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
FORMULA FOR LIFEEXPECTANCYACHIEVEMENT LEVEL=ACTUAL VALUE- MINIMUM VALUEMAXIMUM VALUE-MINIMUM VALUE
INFANT MORTALITY RATE It is number of infants die every year per 1000 infants. Its Maximum value decided is 229 and minimum value is 9. The Current infant mortality rate in India is 51 per 1000 birth.
INFANT MORTALITY RATE ININDIA FROM 1990 TO 20109080706050 INFANT40 MORTALITY RATE302010 0 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
LITERACY RATE It indicates number of literate person per 100 persons. The maximim value decided is 100 and minimum value is 0. In 2009, literacy rate in India was 65.38.
PHYSICAL QUALITY OF LIFE INDEX The average of the three indicators is termed as Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI). Symbolically represented asPQLI=Life Expectancy+ Infant mortality rate + Literacy Rate 3
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX(HDI) It was formulated by United Nations Development Programme’ (UNDP) in 1990. It has three indicators:3. Life Expectancy4. Educational Attainment5. Standard of Living
COMPARISION OF LIFEEXPECTANCY RATE IN INDIA &OTHER COUNTRIES IN 2005 80 70 60 50 40 LIFE EXPECTANCY RATE 30 20 10 0 INDIA US UK CHINA
EDUCATION ATTAINMENT INDEX(EAI) It is 2/3rd of Adult Literacy Rate and 1/3rd of Combined Enrollment Ratio. Large gaps of enrollment between rich and poor Gender plays a large but a variable role across various states
EDUCATION ATTAINMENT IN INDIAFROM 1990 TILL 20090.72 0.70.680.660.64 EDUACTIONAL0.62 ATTAINMENT INDEX 0.60.580.560.54 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009
STANDARD OF LIVING It is the natural logarithm of GDP per capita at Purchasing Power Parity The World Statistics in 2006 clearly states that people in Luxembourg enjoys the highest standard of living
FORMULA FOR HUMANDEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI) HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX=LIFE EXPECTANCY + EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT INDEX + STANDARD OF LIVING INDEX 3
QUALITY OF LIFE INDEX (QOL) Developed by Prof. Dasgupta and Prof. Weale. Considered Six parameters3. Per Capita Income in PPP$4. Infant Mortality Rate5. Life Expectancy at Birth6. Adult Literacy Rate7. Civil Rights of the People8. Political Rights of the People
STEPS TO CONSTRUCT QOL Its consists socio-economic , political and civic indicators Countries are ranked from best to worst Ranks of all indicators are added for each country Based on the aggregate score/rank, countries are once again ranked.
QOL OF VARIOUS COUNTIRES IN 20098070605040 QOL3020100 INDIA US CHINA JAPAN GERMANY
QUESTIONS What are three formulators of Physical Quality of Life Index ? Answer Life Expectancy Index Literacy Rate Infant Mortality Rate
Questions Who developed Quality of Life Index ? Answer Prof. Dasgupta and Prof. Weale Who formulated Human Development Index ? Answer United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)