Food and nutrition(science)

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  • 1. SCIENCE STD : VIIth TOPIC : FOOD AND NUTRITION ALKA .R.SINGH B.ED 2009-2010
  • 2. CONTEnT
    • AUTOTROPHS
    AND HETEROTROPHS.
    • BALANCE DIET.
    • CONSTITUENTS OF FOOD AND ITS
    • SOURCES.
  • 3. Some living thing make their own food . They are called Example : PLANTS……. AUTOTROPHS.. OR AUTOTROPHIC LIVING THING
  • 4. Living thing which depend on other living thing for their food are known as Example: ANIMALS HETEROTROPHS
  • 5.
    • There are FIVE substance that
    • our daily diet consists of i.e FIVE
    • constituents which is must in our diet.
    • CARBOHYDRATES
    • PROTEINS
    • FATS
    • VITAMINS
    • MINERALS
  • 6. For good nourishment, it is important that CARBOHYDRATES , PROTEINS , FATS as well as MINERALS and VITAMINS are provided in the proper proportion. “ A diet which includes all these Constituents in right proportion is called a BALANCE DIET ”
  • 7. CARBOHYDRATES : PROVIDES OUR BODY WITH ENERGY THAT IS REQUIRE TO DO OUR DAILY WORK .
  • 8. SOURCES OF CARBOHYDRATES: POTATOES JOWAR BHAKARI
  • 9. PROTIENS HELPS TO REPAIR OUR BODY WOUNDS AND ARE ALSO REQUIRE FOR GOOD SKIN AND GOOD HAIR.
  • 10. SOURCES OF PROTIENS: MILK EGGS MEAT
  • 11. FATS HELPS IN MAINTAINING BODY TEMPERATURE . IT PROVIDE BACKUP ENERGY.
  • 12. SOURCES OF FATS BUTTER GHEE CHEESE
  • 13. VITAMINS REQUIRED FOR PROPER AND SMOOTH FUNCTIONING OF THE BODY PROCESS.
  • 14. SOURCES OF VITAMINS TOMATO CARROT CUCUMBER
  • 15. MINERALS REQUIRED FOR MAINTAINANCE AND REPAIR OF OUR TISSUES AND BONES
  • 16. SOURCES OF MINERALS FRUITS DAIRY PRODUCTS GREEN VEGETABLES
  • 17. EVALUATION Q.1) WHAT IS MEANT BY AUTOTROPHIC LIVING THINGS? Ans: Living thing which prepare their own food are known as AUTOTROPHIC LIVING THING. Q.2) WHAT IS A BALANCE DIET? Ans: A diet which includes all the constituets in right proportions is called a balance diet Q.3) NAME THE FIVE CONSTITUENTS REQUIRED FOR A BALANCED DIET? Ans: Carbohydrates , Vitamins , Fats , Proteins and Minerals.
    • A diet which includes all the constituents in
    • right proportions is called a ______________
    BALANCE DIET
  • 18. MATCH THE FOLLOWIN 1) 2) 3) FATS PROTIENS CARBOHYDRATES
  • 19. T HANK Y OU