Presented by:- C.Lakshmi Priya Roll.No : 9
Aspects covered <ul><li>The Nile river. </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt the gift of Nile. </li></ul><ul><li>Produced more than eno...
The River  Nile   <ul><li>the lifeblood of ancient Egypt  </li></ul><ul><li>made life possible </li></ul><ul><li>longest r...
Egypt  the Gift of Nile <ul><li>(A) THE DELTA  (B) OASIS  (C) THE EASTERN DESERT  (D) THE VALLEY  (E) CATARACTS  </li></ul...
Towns and Cities Develop <ul><li>convenient to live in towns and cities.  </li></ul><ul><li>Urban economy developed </li><...
Producing more than enough food <ul><li>Surplus Food Produced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Store for future use </li></ul></ul><u...
Trading the surplus <ul><li>Two types of ships </li></ul><ul><li>MERCHANT SHIP </li></ul><ul><li>CARGO </li></ul><ul><li>N...
Craftsmen (A)  POTTERY   (B)  GOLD   (C)  SANDALS  (D)  WOOD CARVING  <ul><li>New jobs available for talented craftsmen </...
Animals and food of ancient Egypt <ul><li>They had pigs, goats, ducks, cows, and geese. </li></ul><ul><li>They grew fig tr...
A new Hierarchy developed <ul><li>Agricultural and trading opportunities allowed new hierarchy to be formed </li></ul><ul>...
Pharaoh Pharaoh was believed by the Egyptians to be the supreme ruler chosen by the gods to lead his people. They believed...
HIGH PRIESTS AND PRIESTESSES Served gods and goddesses PHARAOH Earthly leader; considered a god  NOBLES Fought pharaoh’s w...
Hieroglyphics <ul><li>Development of Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Papyrus </li></ul><ul><li>Pictographs </li></ul><ul><li>All...
 
Writing Making paper from papyrus
Sophisticated Civilisation (A) RAISING STONE BLOCKS . (B) SUPERVISORS (C) SHAPING THE STONE . (D) ACCIDENTS <ul><li>Large ...
Painting and Sculpture <ul><li>Egyptians reached a highly advanced level of sculpture.  Beautiful figures have been found ...
The Afterlife <ul><li>Elaborate death ritual </li></ul><ul><li>Embalming Procedure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directed by Pries...
Mummification <ul><li>(A) ANUBIS  The priest in charge of the mummification  (B) INCENSE  A priest stands by, holding swee...
Achievements <ul><li>Pyramids </li></ul><ul><li>There were about 80 along the banks of the Nile River. </li></ul><ul><li>T...
Ancient Civilization <ul><li>Age of Enlightenment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The first known electrical battery developed in Eg...
Evaluation <ul><li>The first known _________________ ________________developed in Egypt. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They had th...
<ul><li>Answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Why is Egypt called the gift of Nile? </li></ul><ul><li>Who kept...
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C. lakhmi peiya (egyptian civilization1.ppt)

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C. lakhmi peiya (egyptian civilization1.ppt)

  1. 1. Presented by:- C.Lakshmi Priya Roll.No : 9
  2. 2. Aspects covered <ul><li>The Nile river. </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt the gift of Nile. </li></ul><ul><li>Produced more than enough food. </li></ul><ul><li>Animals and food of ancient Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>Trading the surplus. </li></ul><ul><li>Craftsmen </li></ul><ul><li>A new hierarchy developed. </li></ul><ul><li>Pharaoh </li></ul><ul><li>Social classes </li></ul><ul><li>Hieroglyphics </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Towns and cities developed. </li></ul><ul><li>Sophisticated civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Painting and sculpture </li></ul><ul><li>The afterlife </li></ul><ul><li>Mummification </li></ul><ul><li>Achievements </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient civilization </li></ul>
  3. 3. The River Nile <ul><li>the lifeblood of ancient Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>made life possible </li></ul><ul><li>longest river </li></ul><ul><li>source of food </li></ul><ul><li>major source of water </li></ul>
  4. 4. Egypt the Gift of Nile <ul><li>(A) THE DELTA (B) OASIS (C) THE EASTERN DESERT (D) THE VALLEY (E) CATARACTS </li></ul>Cataract – large water falls
  5. 5. Towns and Cities Develop <ul><li>convenient to live in towns and cities. </li></ul><ul><li>Urban economy developed </li></ul>
  6. 6. Producing more than enough food <ul><li>Surplus Food Produced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Store for future use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade for other goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not everyone needs to farm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New trades and specialities developed </li></ul></ul></ul>(A) HARVEST (B) MUSIC (C) WINNOWING (D) TAXES (E) CATTLE Meanings – 1)Winnowing- separating the ones that are useful from the ones that are not. 2) Scribes- a person who kept records by writing.
  7. 7. Trading the surplus <ul><li>Two types of ships </li></ul><ul><li>MERCHANT SHIP </li></ul><ul><li>CARGO </li></ul><ul><li>New products and Ideas were imported </li></ul><ul><li>Money made was invested in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To please the Gods </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Craftsmen (A) POTTERY (B) GOLD (C) SANDALS (D) WOOD CARVING <ul><li>New jobs available for talented craftsmen </li></ul><ul><li>Surplus food production allowed for their wages to be paid </li></ul><ul><li>New products and skills developed </li></ul>
  9. 9. Animals and food of ancient Egypt <ul><li>They had pigs, goats, ducks, cows, and geese. </li></ul><ul><li>They grew fig trees, wheat, and barley. </li></ul><ul><li>worshiped the cat </li></ul>
  10. 10. A new Hierarchy developed <ul><li>Agricultural and trading opportunities allowed new hierarchy to be formed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elite/Aristocracy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Paid wages to others to work for them </li></ul><ul><li>Life of leisure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free time to think </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New ideas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Inventions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Skills </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Pharaoh Pharaoh was believed by the Egyptians to be the supreme ruler chosen by the gods to lead his people. They believed that when a man became a pharaoh, he also became a god. To keep the bloodline of the gods pure, pharaohs often married their sisters, mothers, and cousins.
  12. 12. HIGH PRIESTS AND PRIESTESSES Served gods and goddesses PHARAOH Earthly leader; considered a god NOBLES Fought pharaoh’s wars MERCHANTS, SCRIBES, AND ARTISANS Made furniture, jewelry, and fabrics for pharaohs and nobles, and provided for other needs PEASANT FARMERS AND SLAVES Worked in the fields and served the pharaoh Social Classes 2
  13. 13. Hieroglyphics <ul><li>Development of Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Papyrus </li></ul><ul><li>Pictographs </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed ideas to be transferred </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Was spread throughout Egypt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It passed down through generations </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Writing Making paper from papyrus
  15. 16. Sophisticated Civilisation (A) RAISING STONE BLOCKS . (B) SUPERVISORS (C) SHAPING THE STONE . (D) ACCIDENTS <ul><li>Large Scale projects were feasible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Writing and Mathematics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Tools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public Works projects </li></ul>
  16. 17. Painting and Sculpture <ul><li>Egyptians reached a highly advanced level of sculpture. Beautiful figures have been found in tombs. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most famous sculptures in the world is the head of Queen Nefertiti. </li></ul><ul><li>Another famous work of art is the Great Sphinx which guards the pyramids near Giza. </li></ul>
  17. 18. The Afterlife <ul><li>Elaborate death ritual </li></ul><ul><li>Embalming Procedure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directed by Priests </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Used sophisticated tools and techniques </li></ul>
  18. 19. Mummification <ul><li>(A) ANUBIS The priest in charge of the mummification (B) INCENSE A priest stands by, holding sweet-smelling incense. (C) WRAPPING THE BODY The body, or mummy, was wrapped in layers of linen (D) NATRON Natron, a kind of soda (E) SOAKING THE BANDAGES linen strips were soaked in plaster so they would harden when dry. </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive respect for the Dead body </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred Body does not allow for exploration or experimentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Dissection Forbidden </li></ul>
  19. 20. Achievements <ul><li>Pyramids </li></ul><ul><li>There were about 80 along the banks of the Nile River. </li></ul><ul><li>The largest is the Great Pyramid Giza, built by King Khufu in about 2600 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>It stands about 481 feet high and covers 13 acres. </li></ul><ul><li>The pyramids functioned as huge burial tombs for the Egyptians’ dead pharaohs and queens. </li></ul><ul><li>Ship-building </li></ul><ul><li>They used the Nile River like a highway to transport people and goods to foreign lands. </li></ul><ul><li>The first ships were made out of bundles of papyrus reeds tied together to make a canoe-like vessel. </li></ul><ul><li>As the ship trade flourished, the hulls of the ships were made of cedar, and oars and sails were added for greater speed. </li></ul><ul><li>Hieroglyphics </li></ul><ul><li>These were pictures and symbols that served as one of the first written languages in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Calendar </li></ul><ul><li>Calendars were developed in 4241 B.C. with 365 days in a year. </li></ul><ul><li>It was based on the flooding of the Nile River. </li></ul><ul><li>New Years was on June 1, not January 1! </li></ul>
  20. 21. Ancient Civilization <ul><li>Age of Enlightenment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The first known electrical battery developed in Egypt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study the stars and chart their movement. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced Mathematical Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Applying sciences to design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of geometries to create monumental buildings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building placement determined by path of sun or stars on specific days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to build monumental structures with simple machines. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Evaluation <ul><li>The first known _________________ ________________developed in Egypt. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They had the ability to build monumental structures with __________ __________________. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The _________________ functioned as huge burial tombs for the Egyptians’ dead pharaohs and queens. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The calendar was based on the ___________________ of the Nile River. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the most famous sculptures in the world is the head of ___________________. </li></ul>Fill in the blanks:
  22. 23. <ul><li>Answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Why is Egypt called the gift of Nile? </li></ul><ul><li>Who kept records by writing? </li></ul><ul><li>What did the Egyptians do while planting crops? </li></ul><ul><li>Name the two types of boats they built? </li></ul><ul><li>Who fought wars for the Pharaoh? </li></ul>

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