Sustainable Water Use and Infrastructure
    Sustainable Water Use and Infrastructure
    for the 21st Century
    for the...
Agenda


             Water Scarcity


             Desalination as a Solution


             Energy Savings Around the Wo...
Access to Sustainable, Fresh Water is Increasingly Scarce




     The severely dammed         Colorado River             ...
The
     Worldwide
       Thirst
        for
       Water
         is
    Unquenchable


4       CONFIDENTIAL
Worldwide Thirst for Water is Unquenchable
                               1000


                               800       ...
Approximately 1 billion people worldwide, lack access
                  to safe water supplies …




6                    ...
Most of these people are in the developing world,
      where 98% of water-related deaths occur …




7                   ...
Are We Safe in California?

    The rains are coming with this next El Niño.


                      Right?



8          ...
Local Water Trends – Northern CA Sierra Precipitation




                                                                ...
20+ Million Population Increase (1980-2010) Draining Colorado Basin Dry




                 http://www.usbr.gov/lc/region...
The cost of municipal water is exploding in stressed areas
            $3.00




                                         ...
Energy Efficiency Enabling Technology – ERI’s PX™ Device
                                                                 ...
Unique Technology and Elegant Design

                                     • Only one moving part
                        ...
Desalination—Affordable Solution
            $3.00
                                                  Steam




           ...
Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) is a Sustainable Solution

                Desalination Energy Costs                      ...
Desalination Plant Revenue Model–Privatization M3 water rate



                                                      Capi...
Global Footprint — Sales, Service & Installations
                                                6,300,000 m3/day
       ...
Market Opportunities for Energy Recovery Devices
     • SWRO and Brackish Desalination
        − Growth in these establish...
Big Water Factories

        Barcelona, Algeria
     SWRO Desalination Plant –
      200,000 m3/day (each)




19         ...
Barcelona (Spain) 200,000 m3/day (53 MGD)




20                          CONFIDENTIAL
Al Hamma (Algeria) 200,000 m3/day (53 MGD)




21                     CONFIDENTIAL
Large and Medium Desal Project Builders




22                   CONFIDENTIAL
Other Opportunities




23          CONFIDENTIAL
Modular, Portable Solutions for Smaller Communities




24                         CONFIDENTIAL
25   CONFIDENTIAL
Energy Recovery Inc




                             HEADQUARTERS/CERAMICS
                              San Leandro (San ...
27   CONFIDENTIAL
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Sustainable Water Use and Infrastructure

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This presentation was originally given by G.G. Pique, president and CEO of Energy Recovery Inc, at the Green California Summit on March 17, 2010. It discusses increasing global and domestic water scarcity as one of the most significant issues facing mandkind today. It also offers desalination as a viable, long-term solution thanks to technology innovations such as the Energy Recovery PX device that dramatically reduces the energy consumption and cost of desalination.

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Sustainable Water Use and Infrastructure

  1. 1. Sustainable Water Use and Infrastructure Sustainable Water Use and Infrastructure for the 21st Century for the 21st Century Green California Summit 2010 Green California Summit 2010 G.G. Pique, President and CEO G.G. Pique, President and CEO 17 March 2010 17 March 2010 1 CONFIDENTIAL
  2. 2. Agenda Water Scarcity Desalination as a Solution Energy Savings Around the World Energy Recovery Technologies 2 CONFIDENTIAL
  3. 3. Access to Sustainable, Fresh Water is Increasingly Scarce The severely dammed Colorado River Lake Tiberius, Israel Ziz River, Algeria Basin (Sea of Galilee, Jordan) • Climate change is • One child dies every causing widespread 15 seconds due to drought, compounded water sanitation by population growth issues and pollution 3 CONFIDENTIAL
  4. 4. The Worldwide Thirst for Water is Unquenchable 4 CONFIDENTIAL
  5. 5. Worldwide Thirst for Water is Unquenchable 1000 800 Water Withdrawals Index: 1905 = 100 Population 600 400 200 1905 1925 1955 1975 1995 2015 • Water consumption • Fast growing • 1 in 5 people lack outgrowing world agricultural demand access to safe population (9 billion (crops, livestock drinking water – people by 2050) and biofuels) 1.1 billion people Source: GWI, IDA 5 CONFIDENTIAL
  6. 6. Approximately 1 billion people worldwide, lack access to safe water supplies … 6 CONFIDENTIAL
  7. 7. Most of these people are in the developing world, where 98% of water-related deaths occur … 7 CONFIDENTIAL
  8. 8. Are We Safe in California? The rains are coming with this next El Niño. Right? 8 CONFIDENTIAL
  9. 9. Local Water Trends – Northern CA Sierra Precipitation rte z Co rte z o a of C e Sea of Se to the 2010 El 2010 El ed o th w ed t Nino Nino r f ow ve fl Long Term Average lo Ri ver do Ri Long Term Average Long Term Average Long Term Average ra o l o ad Co or e Col t t me as t i im -L st 2- La 98 2-- r1 8 te r 19 1923 1923 1923 1923 W inte Source: CA W in Dept of Water Resources 1976 1976 1976 1976 (as of 3/15/2010) 9 CONFIDENTIAL
  10. 10. 20+ Million Population Increase (1980-2010) Draining Colorado Basin Dry http://www.usbr.gov/lc/region/g4000/hourly/mead-elv.html 10 CONFIDENTIAL
  11. 11. The cost of municipal water is exploding in stressed areas $3.00 st * Co $2.50 ter Wa $2.00 l ipa $/m3 nic $1.50 Mu $1.00 $0.50 $0.00 1972 1982 1992 2002 2010 **February 2010, Monterey CA $7/m3 * Water costs for San Diego, Monterey, Perth, Sydney, Barcelona 11 CONFIDENTIAL
  12. 12. Energy Efficiency Enabling Technology – ERI’s PX™ Device Low pressure Membrane fresh water exits the plant 40% High pressure seawater High pressure High pressure reject stream High pressure seawater flow 60% flow 60% pump flow 40% Low pressure seawater enters Low pressure the plant reject stream • PX Pressure Exchanger™ • Reduces energy technology is up to consumption 98% efficient by ~ 60% 12 CONFIDENTIAL
  13. 13. Unique Technology and Elegant Design • Only one moving part • Engineered ceramics − Tremendous durability − No corrosion • Highest efficiency • No scheduled maintenance • Low life-cycle costs • Minimal footprint 13 CONFIDENTIAL
  14. 14. Desalination—Affordable Solution $3.00 Steam st * Elec. Power Co $2.50 Maintenance ter Wa $2.00 Capex charges l ipa $/m3 nic $1.50 Mu $1.00 $0.50 $0.00 1972 1982 1992 2002 2010 Thermal SWRO SWRO SWRO SWRO * Water costs for San Diego, Monterey, Perth, Sydney, Barcelona 14 CONFIDENTIAL
  15. 15. Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) is a Sustainable Solution Desalination Energy Costs SWRO Capacity 10 2.5 584 Capacity (m3 / d) (Millions) MGD 20 ye 8 ars 2.0 454 DOWN 418 50% MGD MGD KWh/ m3 6 1.5 312 7y 281 ea MGD MGD D rs O 4 1.0 W N 6 1 65 % 2 .5 MGD 0 0 1980 1990 2000 2001 2007 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Annual Installed SWRO Capacity Utilization of (1) PX Technology Sources: Affordable Desalination Collaboration, Management estimates, GWI and IDA • SWRO offers • Growing at • New desal • Lower SWRO sustainable, 55% per year capacity energy secure supply since 2002 pipeline of consumption of water > 22 MM m3/day leads to ~ $0.70/m3 by 2012 increased desal capacity 15 CONFIDENTIAL
  16. 16. Desalination Plant Revenue Model–Privatization M3 water rate Capital Expense Operating 43% Expense 57% Source: Perth Seawater ASSUMPTIONS Desalination Plant, 2008 Power Cost USD/kWh 0.09 Debt Equity Ratio 80/20 Debt Interest Rate 8% Equity Return on Inv 18% Zero Greenhouse Gas Emissions 16 CONFIDENTIAL
  17. 17. Global Footprint — Sales, Service & Installations 6,300,000 m3/day 6,300,000 m3/day 890 MW of Energy 890 MW of Energy Headquarters San Leandro New Boston, MI 4.7 million tons of CO2 savings 4.7 million tons of CO2 savings California Madrid, Spain Sunrise, FL Dubai, UAE Shanghai, China Sales Offices PXTM Device Installations TM 17 CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL 17
  18. 18. Market Opportunities for Energy Recovery Devices • SWRO and Brackish Desalination − Growth in these established markets growing on a global scale − US Capacity – More than 3 million m3/day ~ 30% global market • Osmotic Power − Nascent market using ERDs in renewable energy generation − First pilot plant in Tofte, Norway, run by Statkraft − Energy Recovery devices ensure the net-positive production of electricity “Osmotic power is clean, renewable energy, with a global potential of 1600 to 1700 TWh – equal to China’s total electricity consumption in 2002.” - Statkraft CEO, Bård Mikkelsen 18 CONFIDENTIAL
  19. 19. Big Water Factories Barcelona, Algeria SWRO Desalination Plant – 200,000 m3/day (each) 19 CONFIDENTIAL
  20. 20. Barcelona (Spain) 200,000 m3/day (53 MGD) 20 CONFIDENTIAL
  21. 21. Al Hamma (Algeria) 200,000 m3/day (53 MGD) 21 CONFIDENTIAL
  22. 22. Large and Medium Desal Project Builders 22 CONFIDENTIAL
  23. 23. Other Opportunities 23 CONFIDENTIAL
  24. 24. Modular, Portable Solutions for Smaller Communities 24 CONFIDENTIAL
  25. 25. 25 CONFIDENTIAL
  26. 26. Energy Recovery Inc HEADQUARTERS/CERAMICS San Leandro (San Francisco), California USA REGIONAL OFFICES PUMP ENGINEERING Spain, China, (New Boston) Michigan Florida, UAE USA 26 CONFIDENTIAL
  27. 27. 27 CONFIDENTIAL
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