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Cost Reduction In Digitisation
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Cost Reduction In Digitisation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Human Factors in Reducing the Cost of Digitisation Simon Tanner Director King’s Digital Consultancy Services Email: simon.tanner@kcl.ac.uk Web: www.kdcs.kcl.ac.uk
  • 2. Introducing KDCS
    • Part of Centre for Computing in the Humanities
    • www.kcl.ac.uk/cch
    • More than 30 staff in CCH
    • We seek to foster awareness, understanding and skill in the scholarly applications of computing
    • Responsible for own teaching programmes, U/G + MA
    • Digital Futures Academy with OCLC in UK and USA
    • Research centre – developing innovative approaches to digital resources & scholarly communication/research
    • More than 30 collaborative projects in Europe, Africa & USA
    • Over 20 million Euro in research income over 5 years
    www.kcl.ac.uk/kdcs
  • 3. Introduction
    • Cost factors in digitisation projects
    • Human intervention and digitisation costs
    • Reducing costs = optimising the human factor
    • The importance of the human factor
    www.kcl.ac.uk/kdcs
  • 4. Cost factors
    • Effective utilisation of resources in developing digital content and establishing digital collections equals:
      • Start up costs of creating or purchasing digital content
      • Implementation costs for establishing access
      • Implicit costs in managing and maintaining digital resources in the future
    • Digitisation cost – the key factors:
      • Nature of the original item to be digitised
      • Digitisation processes possible
      • Information, content and delivery objectives
    www.kcl.ac.uk/kdcs
  • 5. Human cost factors – central thesis
    • The higher the human intervention in any process the greater the likely cost of the process.
      • Selection for digitisation
      • Handling original artefacts for imaging/scanning
      • Managing digital objects
      • Describing digital resources and other metadata
    • In other words – consider where humans may provide optimal performance
      • Physical
      • Intellectual
      • Management
    www.kcl.ac.uk/kdcs
  • 6. www.kcl.ac.uk/kdcs Durham Libae Vitae Penny Illustrated Paper, October 1868 Design Council Archive, University of Brighton Lambeth Palace, church plan of St. James Sheldwich
  • 7. Cost matrix of potential factors www.kcl.ac.uk/kdcs
  • 8. Example 1: glass plate photographs www.kcl.ac.uk/kdcs
  • 9. Example 2: low value financial records www.kcl.ac.uk/kdcs
  • 10. Example 3: newspaper content Penny Illustrated, October 1861 News of the World, June 1918
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14. Reducing human cost factors
    • Reduce cost of labour:
      • Outsource – e.g. offshore
      • Automate
      • Deskill activity through better tools and guidance
      • Offer alternate opportunities to low cost labour
    • Optimise productivity:
      • Invest in training
      • Improve workflow – remove inefficiencies
      • Value and reward ability and reliability
    www.kcl.ac.uk/kdcs
  • 15. Reducing human cost factors
    • Quality Assurance
      • Ensure is focussed and systematic
      • Goal of QA is to find errors in process, workflow or human errors
      • Use QA to optimise activity - make QA proactive and pervasive
    • Handling originals:
      • Look for alternative originals but understand the image quality trade-offs – e.g. microfilm, disbound copies or existing photography
      • Robotic handling of bound volumes now possible
    www.kcl.ac.uk/kdcs
  • 16. The continuing importance of humans!
    • Management and vision
    • User needs
    • Intellectual activities are not easily replaced, for example:
      • Descriptive metadata
      • Selection of content
    • The ends of information are human ends
      • Digitised information exists because humans
        • create it
        • consume it
        • desire it
    www.kcl.ac.uk/kdcs