Funghi 23 Ott 08


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m-Learning in Practice

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Funghi 23 Ott 08

  1. 1. m-Learning in practice: the experience of Consorzio FOR.COM. Federica Funghi Consorzio FOR.COM. Formazione per la Comunicazione Rome, 23 October 2008
  2. 2. <ul><li>Overview </li></ul><ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><li>Definition of mobile learning </li></ul><ul><li>Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons learnt </li></ul><ul><li>What’s next </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Background Mobile Age Economic , political and social changes are related and connected everywhere Portable technologies
  4. 4. Educational context : “ There is a promise of greater ‘reach’, of more and easier access, of a kind of democratization of education, a sense not just of a transformation, but a revolution of wide- and far-reaching areas of the educational world.” Kress, G & Pachler N (2007) <ul><li>Intensity of interest around the effect of portable IT for learning and teaching  opportunity to design learning differently: </li></ul><ul><li>Linking people in real and virtual worlds </li></ul><ul><li>Creating learning communities </li></ul><ul><li>Providing “knowledge on demand” </li></ul>1. Background
  5. 5. 2. Definition of mobile learning <ul><li>Interest in mobile learning (m-learning) is growing exponentially </li></ul><ul><li>There is no single definition of m-learning  Different people mean different things when they use the term m-learning: </li></ul>“ Mobile learning as eLearning that uses mobile devices and wireless transmission” (Pinkwart, et al. 2003) “ Learning that takes place with the help of mobile devices” (Quinn 2000) “ Mobile devices as a pervasive medium that may assist us in combining work, study and leisure time in meaningful ways” (Turner, et al. 2003) Technology-oriented definitions
  6. 6. Learning “as a process of coming to know, by which learners in cooperation with their peers and teachers, construct transiently stable interpretations of their world.” Sharples (2005) This definition gives mobile technologies a special role  they increase our possibilities of communication and conversation . Constructivist approach 2. Definition of mobile learning
  7. 7. 3. Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience <ul><li>Focus on potential and impact of wireless technologies on: </li></ul><ul><li>Self-directed learning </li></ul><ul><li>Tutoring & collaborative learning (including peer-learning) </li></ul><ul><li>Learning on the job (importance of context in establishing meanings) </li></ul>Through 3 main experiences carried out in the framework of the Leonardo da Vinci Programme
  8. 8. 3. Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience VIP , Visually Interacting E-Learning Platform (2003-2005) - e-learning & m-learning for SMEs managers http:// TALAS , Tourism mAnagement eLeArning Solutions (2004-2006) - e-learning & m-learning for tourism managers http:// TIPS , T-learning to Improve Professional Skills for intercultural dialogue (2007 – expected end 2009) - e-learning, m-learning & tv-learning for cultural mediators http:// /
  9. 9. 3. Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience From a one-to-one relationship Towards a many-to-many relationship From an asynch interaction Towards a synch + asynch interaction Tutoring Tutoring Peer-learning Chat Instant messag ./SMS  users’ list Chat Video-chatForum  users’ list SMS system  tutor-user TIPS (2007-2009) TALAS (2004-2006) VIP (2003-2005) Tutoring Peer-learning
  10. 10. 3. Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience TALAS PROJECT
  11. 11. 3. Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience TALAS PROJECT Forum Videochat
  12. 12. 3. Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience TIPS PROJECT
  13. 13. 3. Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience TIPS PROJECT Chat Instant messaging/SMS
  14. 14. 3. Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience From a theory-oriented approach Towards a practice-oriented approach (Learning on the Job) m-Pills Phrasebook Glossary m -Pills Cartoons Quizzes Quizzes TIPS (2007-2009) TALAS (2004-2006) VIP (2003-2005)
  15. 15. 3. Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience TALAS PROJECT
  16. 16. 3. Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience TIPS PROJECT m-Pills
  17. 17. 3. Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience TIPS PROJECT Glossary
  18. 18. 3. Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience TIPS PROJECT Phrasebook
  19. 19. 3. Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience TIPS PROJECT Phrasebook
  20. 20. 3. Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience From an integration as a sum Towards a real integration Linked through one single comprehensive database e-learning plat + m-learning portal + Tv-learning platform e-learning platform + m-learning portal e-learning platform + m-learning portal TIPS (2007-2009) TALAS (2004-2006) VIP (2003-2005)
  21. 21. 3. Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience From a limited accessibility Towards a wider accessibility (limited types of devices) Nokia N70 and superior (smart phones) (lower than TALAS requirements) + PDA Nokia 9000 and superior (smart phones*) + PDA Qtek 9000 (palm) i-mode phones * A class of wireless phone handsets with many features, and often a keyboard. What makes the phone &quot;smart&quot; is its ability to handle data, not only voice calls TIPS (2007-2009) TALAS (2004-2006) VIP (2003-2005)
  22. 22. 3. Consorzio FOR.COM.’s experience <ul><li>FOR.COM.’s projects on m-learning focus more and more on: </li></ul><ul><li>Context-oriented contents </li></ul><ul><li>Peer learning and peer evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Real integration with other platforms (e-learning, m-learning, tv-learning) </li></ul><ul><li>Just in time information </li></ul>
  23. 23. 4. Lessons learnt <ul><li>Methodological issues: </li></ul><ul><li>m-Lerning is better if part of blended courses:  features and potential inherent in mobile devices can make up for distance learning’s typical weaknesses (isolation, internet & pc etc.) </li></ul><ul><li> a course entirely delivered through mobile devices cannot offer exhaustive contents (small screen sizes  short bits of information are much more suited to m-learning than full courses) </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher’s or mentor’s enthusiasm and involvement seem to be very important for successful mobile learning. </li></ul>
  24. 24. 4. Lessons learnt <ul><li>Accessibility issues: </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless connectivity has cost implications to be considered at the outset of a new project: </li></ul><ul><li>Mixing online learning and materials previously downloaded to mobile devices helps to reduce costs and the inconvenience of signal disruption (e.g. poor signal in some areas) </li></ul><ul><li>The device requires an adequate memory capacity allowing the ability to store files and applications </li></ul><ul><li>When designers plan new transnational projects, they need to consider country differences in connectivity (GSM/GPRS/EDGE /UMTS) and diffusion of devices with certain features </li></ul>
  25. 25. 5. What’s next <ul><li>FOR.COM. means to go in depth with mobile learning experimentation by: </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing Flexibility  Applications will be viewable on a variety of devices  Contents designed for use with one kind of device or operating system will be played on other devices </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing Interactivity  The application will allow users to interact freely with the display and the content </li></ul>
  26. 26. 5. What’s next <ul><li>FOR.COM. means to go in depth with mobile learning experimentation by: </li></ul><ul><li>Experimenting mobile learning during the delivery of FOR.COM.’s institutional courses </li></ul><ul><li>Considering new fields of application  Transfer of mobile learning methodology to new sectors where the following is required: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Efficiency, due to the possibility to personalize the training path </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Wide accessibility and prompt usability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Autonomy and respect for personal commitments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to real time information in order to make appropriate decisions </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Thank you for listening! Federica Funghi [email_address] Ph: +39 06 37725515