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Visions chapter 28

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  • 1. RIGHTING A NATION ADRIFT AMERICA IN THE 1970S AND 1980S Chapter 28
  • 2. CHAPTER TWENTY EIGHT: RIGHTING A NATION ADRIFT: AMERICA IN THE 1970S AND 1980S
    • Downturn and Scandal
    • A Crisis of Presidential Leadership
    • The Rights Revolution
    • The Rise of the Right
  • 3. Downturn and Scandal
      • An Ailing Economy
      • Frustration at Home
      • The Watergate Scandal
  • 4. An Ailing Economy
    • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Companies (OPEC) - An international consortium of oil-producing nations that regulated the price and quantity of oil exported to the world market.
    • Rust Belt - Decaying industrial cities in the Midwest, places plagued with high unemployment, crumbling roads, bankrupt governments, and high welfare rolls.
  • 5. The Watergate Scandal
    • Watergate scandal - An episode of presidential criminal wrongdoing that created a constitutional crisis and brought an end to Nixon’s political career.
  • 6. A Weakened Presidency
    • SALT I - The first treaty between the Soviet Union and the United States that limited the deployment of intercontinental and submarine-launched ballistic missiles and the creation of missile-defense systems.
  • 7. A Weakened Presidency
    • mutually assured destruction (MAD) - The claim that the guarantee of a devastating nuclear counterattack would deter the United States and Soviet Union from ever employing their nuclear arsenals.
  • 8. New Paths in Foreign Affairs
    • Camp David Accords - Israel agreed to give the Sinai Peninsula back to Egypt; in return Egypt became the first Arab state to recognize Israel’s right to exist.
    • Iranian hostage crisis - Defining event in Carter’s presidency as Iranian revolutionaries held fifty-two Americans captive for 444 days.
  • 9. The Equal Rights Amendment and Abortion Controversies
    • Equal Rights Amendment - A proposal that congressional supporters had introduced regularly since 1923, which stated that “equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex,” was passed in 1972.
  • 10. The Equal Rights Amendment and Abortion Controversies
    • Roe v. Wade - Supreme Court decision that legalized abortion.
  • 11. The New Conservative Coalition
    • Proposition 13 - Referendum in California that dramatically reduced property taxes, spearheading grassroots tax rebellion nationwide.
    • Religious Right - A collection of right-wing Christian groups that defended traditional values and supported conservative political causes.
  • 12. Setting a New Course: Reagan at Home
    • Supply-Side Economics - Reagan administration theory that letting entrepreneurs keep more of their profits would fuel economic growth, job creation, and more tax revenue to offset military spending.
  • 13. Foreign Policy Triumphs and Scandals
    • Strategic Defense Initiative - Reagan’s proposal to build a missile shield that used lasers from space satellites to destroy incoming missiles.
    • Iran-Contra scandal - A law-breaking scheme that sold arms to Iran to secure the hostages’ release and used the proceeds to support anti- Communists in Nicaragua.
  • 14. Foreign Policy Triumphs and Scandals
    • Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty - Approved the destruction of all U.S. and Soviet intermediate-range missiles in Europe.

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