Visions chapter 15

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  • 1. CONFLICT AND CONQUEST: THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE WEST 1860-1900 Chapter 15 Visions
  • 2. CHAPTER FIFTEEN: CONFLICT AND CONQUEST: THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE WEST, 1860-1900
    • Native and Newcomers
    • The Economic Transformation of the West
    • Native Americans Under Siege
    • Resistance and Romanticism
  • 3. Native and Newcomers
      • Congress Promotes Westward Settlement
      • The Diversity of the Native American West
      • Native American Tribes of the Great Plains
      • The Great Westward Migration
  • 4. Congress Promotes Westward Settlement
    • Trans-Mississippi West - The region of the United States west of the Mississippi River.
    • Homestead Act - Passed in 1862, it provided 160 acres of free land to any settler willing to live on it and improve it for five years; promoted massive westward migration.
  • 5. Congress Promotes Westward Settlement
    • Transcontinental Railroad - A line spanning the continental United States. Congress helped the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads build it by providing land grants, cash incentives, and loans.
  • 6. Native American Tribes of the Great Plains
    • Great Plains - Vast open territory stretching east to west from present-day Missouri to the Rocky Mountains, and north to south from North Dakota to Texas.
  • 7. The Great Westward Migration
    • Exodusters - More than twenty thousand ex-slaves who in 1879 left violence and poverty in the South to take up farming in Kansas.
    • Mormons - A religious sect founded in upstate New York in 1830. Driven by persecution they headed west in 1846 and settled in a valley in Utah near the Great Salt Lake.
  • 8. Hard Times for Farmers
    • The Grange - Originally founded in the fall of 1867 by Oliver H. Kelley as a social and educational society for farmers, it became a major political force in the Midwest in the mid-1870s.
  • 9. The Cattle Kingdom
    • The Long Drive - The annual cattle drives of more than 1,000 miles from Texas to the Great Plains that started in 1866 and established the ranching industry in the West.
  • 10. Mounting Problems for Native Americans
    • Sand Creek Massacre - A massacre of some two hundred Cheyenne Indians on November 29, 1864, in Colorado by a military outfit known as the Colorado Volunteers under Colonel John M. Chivington.
    Cheyenne Chief
  • 11. Wars on the Plains
    • Battle of Little Bighorn - Lt. Col. George A. Custer and the Seventh Cavalry are wiped out by a force of Cheyenne, Sioux, and Arapaho warriors on June 25, 1876; hardens white attitudes toward Native Americans.
    Sitting Bull and nephew One Bull
  • 12. In Pursuit of a Solution
    • Dawes Severalty Act - 1887 law that started the breakup of reservations by offering Native Americans allotments of 160 acres of reservation land to encourage them to become independent farmers.
  • 13. In Pursuit of a Solution
    • Massacre at Wounded Knee 1890 (Wavoka’s Message of the Ghost Dance)