Recreation & Activities Powerpoint
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    Recreation & Activities Powerpoint Recreation & Activities Powerpoint Presentation Transcript

    • Recreation and Activities
    • What are Activities?
      • Active or passive involvement in something that an individual finds meaningful
      • For personal enrichment
      • Can be solitary or in groups
    • Purpose and Goals
      • Obtain a sense of well-being
      • Increase self-esteem
      • Obtain pleasure
      • Express creativity
      • Learn new things
      • Get personal fulfillment and a sense of control
      • Promote physical and mental fitness
      • Encourage socializing
      • Obtain spiritual fulfillment
    • Activities, Social Services, and Rehabilitation
      • Common characteristics of all three:
      • Maximize independent functioning
      • Promote self-esteem and psycho-social well-being
      • Enhance quality of life
    • Activities, Social Services, and Rehabilitation: Differences-1
      • Therapeutic recreation is the basic approach used in activity programming
      • Social services focus on coping and social adaptation
      • Rehabilitation therapies employ a clinical approach to address specific functional deficits
    • Activities, Social Services, and Rehabilitation: Differences-2
      • Social services and rehabilitation are primarily intervention oriented, with minimum emphasis on voluntary choice and personal control
      • Activities are mainly program oriented – They allow individual residents maximum autonomy and personal choice
    • Staffing and Qualifications
      • No federal requirements for staffing levels and staff qualifications
      • Individual states generally specify staffing levels and qualifications
      • NCCAP certification is desirable
    • Necessary Skills
      • Engagement
      • Assessment
      • Communication
      • Documentation
      • See pp. 238-240
    • Assessment
      • Based on activity pursuit patterns that include five elements:
      • Times during which the resident is awake
      • Average time the resident is involved in
      • activities
      • Preferred activity settings
      • General activity preferences
      • Preferences for change in daily routines
    • Programming
      • Structured methods of delivering needed services
      • Develop and carry out a meaningful plan
        • What services to deliver
        • How to deliver them
        • What results are anticipated
    • Programming: Main Considerations
      • Age variation among residents
      • Nature and extent of disabilities
        • Sensory motor skills
        • Cognitive functioning
        • Affective functioning
        • Medical contraindications
      • Space and time
      • Supplies and equipment
      • Staffing
      • Community resources
    • Programming to Promote Total Well-being
      • Programs must meet a variety of individual needs:
      • Physical
      • Cognitive and educational
      • Social
      • Affective
      • Integration or awareness
      • Spiritual
    • Promoting Well-being - 1
      • Physical
        • Exercise, movement, and general physical stimulation
      • 2. Cognitive
        • Stimulation of the mind
        • Leaning new things
      • 3. Social
        • Interaction
        • Companionship
    • Promoting Well-being - 2
      • 4. Affective
        • Express feelings or emotions
        • Express creativity
        • Sensory stimulation
        • Reminiscence
      • 5. Integration and awareness
        • Being needed by others
        • Build self-esteem
    • Promoting Well-being - 3
      • 6. Spiritual
        • Religious activities — private and congregate
        • Spiritual pursuits, such as personal devotion or meditation
    • Scheduling - 1
      • Weekdays:
        • Around 10 am: Crafts, hobbies, cognitive activities
        • Naptime after lunch
        • Around 2:30 pm: afternoon programs, such as physical and social programs
        • Around 7 pm: Evening entertainment and leisure
    • Scheduling - 2
      • There should be some activities on weekends and holidays
      • To the extent possible, holidays should be celebrated on the days they actually occur
    • Approaches for Cognitive Disorders
      • Intervention approach is appropriate
      • Sensory and cognitive stimulation:
        • sensory stimulation
        • reality orientation
        • reminiscence and validation therapy
    • Approaches for Dementia Patients
      • Small groups that are roughly homogeneous
      • Channel nervous energy into constructive outlets
      • Address cognitive and affective needs
      • Use of cross-trained staff
      • Touch is used as a therapy
    • Multisensory Stimulation
      • Also called Snoezelen
      • Visual, auditory, tactile, and olfactory stimulation in special rooms
      • One-on-one therapy
      • Non-directive approach
      • Non-sequential or unpatterned
      • According to research, results are mixed
    • Program Planning Tools
      • Patient assessment
      • Interests and needs profiles
      • Risk awareness profiles
      • Policies and procedures manual
      • Master calendar covering the entire year
      • Weekly calendars
    • Program Planning
      • Plan a range of programs using the tools mentioned earlier
      • Certain core programs should meet the common needs of most residents
      • Additional programs should be planned to accommodate special needs and interests
      • No resident should be left out
      • Coordination with nursing, dietary, and housekeeping departments
      • Back-up contingency programs
    • Program Evaluation
      • Outcome oriented: Are expected results being achieved?
      • Essential for improving the quality of programming
      • Can help improve staff morale
      • Not to be used to criticize or penalize staff
      • An external consultant can assist with evaluation
    • Tools for Effective Evaluation
      • Each activity should have clear goals
      • Attendance data
      • Care plan goals
    • Volunteer Support
      • Volunteers are an important link between the facility and the community
      • Volunteers can be involved in a variety of tasks based on personal interests
    • Volunteer Recruitment
      • Target groups that are most likely to volunteer
      • Ongoing efforts are necessary
      • A variety of methods should be used
      • A formal process that includes application, screening, interview, and reference checks is necessary
      • Allow volunteers to choose their areas of service