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Peoples and empires
 

Peoples and empires

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    Peoples and empires Peoples and empires Presentation Transcript

    • Alexander the Great &His Conquests
      By: Kristina Underwood
      Ning Posting #1 Peoples & Empires
      History 140
      Dr. A
    • Alexander the Great
      Created the first of the great European empires
      One of Aristotle’s pupils  focused on the lesson of “A world dominated by the experience of civil war and intercity conflict, monarchy was much to be preferred.”
      He believed himself to be descended from non-human beings- Andromache, Schilles, Hercules
      Had a vision of an universal empire
      Destroyed a constant threat to Greece, the Achaemenid Persian Empire
      Much of the empire was already prepared for him by Philip II, his father
    • His Conquests
      Two years after his father’s assassination, he led the largest army out of Greece- 43,000 soldiers on foot and 5,500 soldiers on horse
      Stormed through Achaemenid Empire, Sardis, Ephesus, Miletus, Phaselis, Aspendus, Calaenae, and Gordium.
      Defeated Persian army at Issus
      Seized the great Persian capital after moving through Egypt and Mesopotamis
      Burned the great palace of the Persian King of Kings as revenge
      Invaded other areas until his troops refused to cross the Beas River in 329
      This made Alexander prepare an invasion with a new army and new navy
    • The End of His Story
      In May 323, Alexander “drank himself to death” at a banquet he attended
      His empire died along with him, leaving no heir or successor  leading to civil wars, and to later be conquered by Rome
      His empire 336-323 BC was the greatest the world had seen
      “Greatness lies less in what he intended to achieve than in what he was believed to have achieved.”