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California overview California overview Presentation Transcript

  • California: An Overview
    Kristina Underwood
    History 141
  • Chapter 1. Queen Calafia’s Island: Place and First People
    Esplandiá- Son of Amadias of Gaul, siege of Constantinople
    Some of Esplandiá’s allies were Califronians- black Amazons
    Californians authority figure- Queen Calafia
    California thought to be an island west of the Indies
    Calafia sailed to Constantinople to help with the siege of Constantinople
    Edward Everett Hale- a Boston antiquarian (1863) who figured “Califia” was the name behind “California”
    1533- Hernán Cortés landed on what thought to be an island in the Pacific
    1539- realized their mistake, and called Antigua (Old California)
  • Chapter 1. Queen Calafia’s Island: Place and First People
    California is to be said the result to action between the North American and Pacific tectonic plates
    The land piece was detached from southern Baja California and floated up north
    Four intervals: Bay of San Diego, Monterey bay, San Francisco bay, Humboldt Bay formed 30,000 years ago from the collapse of mountains
    41 mountains- Mount Whitney at the highest
    California has dramatic landscape because of how it formed and the plates involved
    Fault lines- San Andreas, Hayward, Garlock, San Jacinto, Nacimiento keeps California active
    California ranges from cold weather (mountains) to unbearably hot weather (valleys)
    Seasons: wet and dry
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  • Chapter 1. Queen Calafia’s Island: Place and First People
    Humans were able to settle where the current from the northwestern Pacific comes along with areas of high-pressure
    Known as “island on the land” because of its borders consisting of mountains, deserts, and canyons
    One third of all native Americans in the United States lived in California
    California was very diverse with tribes and languages and no hierarchies
    Diversity created myths, totems, taboos, rituals
    Faced extinction with the new colonists
    View slide
  • Chapter 8. Making it Happen: Labor Through the Great Depression and Beyond
    Diverse California economy: agriculture, industrial, entertainment, tourist, service
    The Depression came early 1930s
    Jobs requiring the use of ones hands was popular and paid well
    1859- first two labor Unions: Union Iron Works of San Francisco, Trade Union Council
    1860s in San Francisco- demand for organized labor and 8-hour days
    1870s- nationwide depression, hurt San Francisco
    Chinese came in June 1867 and became a threat for unemployed in the 1870s depression
    Labor started up North with wheat ranches during harvest time
    Hugh James Glenn- Wheat king, 55 thousand acres in Colusa County, harvesting half a million bushels of wheat
    California agriculture- boomed with the help of irrigation and refrigerated railroad cars
  • Chapter 8. Making it Happen: Labor Through the Great Depression and Beyond
    1881- San Francisco Trades Assembly
    June 1884- Brunette Haskell, Internation Workingmen’s Association
    Bombing in Haymarket Square, Chicago, May 4, 1886 during an 8-hour workday rally, eight anarchist leaders were convicted with no evidence
    Andrew Furuseth- joined the Coast Seamen’s Union June 1885- combined it with the Steamship Sailors Union to created the Sailors Union of the Pacific
    President Woodrow Wilson signed the Seamen’s Act in 1915
    Alfred Fuhrman- created the Brewers and Malsters Union of the Pacific Coast members could then receive $17 for a six day week and allowed to live away from their place of work 1887 (didn’t receive it until 1900)
    1893- depression struck the nation
    Strikes led by the Teamsters Union in 1901- “General Strike”
    Union Labor Party of San Francisco put out the next two mayors: Eugene Schmitz and Patrick Henry McCarthy, and then led to James Rolph Jr. as mayor
    October 1, 1910- Los Angeles Times office was bombed by OrtieMcManigal, James McNamara, and John McNamara
  • Chapter 8. Making it Happen: Labor Through the Great Depression and Beyond
    1912- dock strike in San Diego by Industrial Workers of the Worldwobblies
    Many protests, strikes, and bombing followed Criminal Syndicalism Act 1919- organization advocating was seen as a felony
    During the Great Depression, agricultural workers came from the mid-west to seek employment, dropping wages significantly  CAWIU strikes in 1933 (largest was cotton pickers of San Joaquin Valley, became violent and known as the Sacramento Conspiracy Trial)
    July 5, 1934- “Bloody Thursday”: San Francisco waterfront strike
    Culbert Olson was elected for governor (1937) and freed Tom Mooney who was wrongly accused for the 1916 Preparedness Day bombing
    Union Farm Workers led the huelga strike by César Chávez- boycott of table grapes grown in California
  • Chapter 11. An Imagined Place: Art and Life on the Coast of Dreams
    20th century brought film (mostly Southern California), radio, television
    Painting became a form of expression and had many styles at the end of the century
    Photography and architecture also improved
    West Coast jazz emerged through California composers
    In the Sultan’s Power (1908) was first complete film filmed in LA
    Directors started to come to California because of the good weather and cultural areas
    Cecil Blount DeMille became the “it” director of Hollywood after filming The Squaw Man
    Hollywood was soon recognized as where the film industry was
    United Artists studio (1919) was founded by David Wark Griffith (director), Mary Pickford (actress), Douglas Fairbanks (Mary’s husband), and Charlie Chaplin (comedian)
    Film Studios 1920-1930s: Universal (1915), Fine Arts, Fox, Famous Players, Metro, Columbia (1922), Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (1924), RKO (1928), Warner Bros. (1929), Twentieth Century-Fox (1935), Paramount (1935)
  • Chapter 11. An Imagined Place: Art and Life on the Coast of Dreams
    Sound was introduced in 1929
    1930s- émigrés internationalized the film industry
    Great writers emerged in 1930s, including: Robinson Jeffers, John Steinbeck, William Saroyan, F. Scott Fitzgerald James M. Cain, Horace McCoy, William Faulkner
    Some people were disappointed with Los Angeles such as writer Raymond Chandler, William Saroyan, and Joan Didion
    1950s- The Beats movement: started with post-WWII writers, brought on sex, rebellion, and drugs
    Poetic manifesto of the Beats- Allen Ginsberg’s Howl
    Famous poets of California- William Everson and Gary Snyder
    Painters were occupied with painting landscapes until “Society of Six” 1920s postimpressionism, bursts of vivid color
    The Depression brought Social Realism
    Mexican muralists: José Clemente Orozco, David Alfaro Siqueiros, Alfredo Ramos Martínez, and Diego Rivera
    WWII brought abstract modernism, painters included: Clyfford Still, Ronald Bladen, DewardCobett, and Richard Diebenkorn
  • Chapter 11. An Imagined Place: Art and Life on the Coast of Dreams
    “Group f/64” led by Edward Weston and Ansel Adams, campaign to reinstate photography
    Dorothea Lange- shot the photograph Migrant Mother
    Architecture- inspired by Arts and Crafts, shingle style
    Architects included: Bernard Maybeck, Charles Sumner Greene, Henry Mather Greene
    Modernism emerged pre-WWI
    Theater and music also surfaced
    1923- GaetanoMerola established the opera company in San Francisco
    Music in movies created employment especially for Igor Stravinsky and Arnold Schoenberg
    Musicians tried to blend pop and modernism together
    Outdoor activities also characterized California: boxing, swimming, tennis, baseball, football, track and field
    1860- Olympic club founded by German immigrants
    1907- surfing brought to California by George Freeth, became the icon of California lifestyle
    1859- baseball introduced