Presto Topic 5 Electric Bicycles

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Presto Topic 5 Electric Bicycles

  1. 1. International workshop Improving Cycling Culture in Cities February 26th-27th, 2010 Tczew - POLAND Electric bicycles KNOWLEDGE SHARING INTRODUCTION THE MARKET THE PRODUCTS THE EXPECTATIONS Bremen Tczew EDDIE ECCLESTON Venice Grenoble Zagreb Presto is supported by
  2. 2. BACKGROUND • FORMER CYCLE SHOP OWNER • FORMER M.D. OF PEUGEOT CYCLES UK • FORMER M.D. OF TWO MANUFACTURES IN THE UK • PAST PRESIDENT OF THE BICYCLE ASSOCIATION OF UK • PAST PRESIDENT (a.i.) OF COLIBI • CURRENT CEO OF A CYCLE FACTORY IN TUNISIA • BOARD MEMBER OF LEVA On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  3. 3. THE PRODUCTS RULES OF COMPLIENCE FOR NON “TYPE APPROVED” EPAC ELECTRIC POWER ASSITED CYCLES Electric bikes On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  4. 4. THE REGULATIONS • THE POWER OUTPUT MUST BE NO MORE THAN 250 WATTS • THE MOTOR CAN ONLY ASSIST THE CYCLIST AS HE PEDALS, NO “TWIST AND GO” • THE MOTOR MUST CUT OUT AT 25kmh • THIS PRODUCT WILL NOT REQUIRE TYPE-APPROVAL On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  5. 5. PRODUCTS The display The Electric Motor The Driver or Brain 1 or 2 Batteries Torque Sensor On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  6. 6. SENSORS 2 Display 6 4 45 Power Frontwheel Output Driver Battery Motor Electric pulse 3 Power swithch Torque sensor 1 Pressure on pedal On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  7. 7. THE MARKET • THERE ARE FEW STATISICS FOR ELECTRIC POWERED BIKES • IN 2009 THE SIZE WAS GUESSTIMATED AT 750K • ESTIMATES FOR 2010 IS: ONE MILLION • ONE THING TO NOTE IS THAT THE MARKET IS INCREASING AND IS EXPECTED TO CONTINUE TO INCREASE On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  8. 8. THE PERCEPTION ELDERLY PEOPLE PHYSICALLY IMPAIRED On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  9. 9. THE REALITY IN A SURVEY TAKEN IN BELGIUM THE MOST TYPICAL PEDELEC USERS WERE COMMUTERS 61.4% ELDERLY 32.5% PHYSICALLY IMPAIRED 10.7% SEE GUIDE FOR FULLER DETAILS On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  10. 10. OPPORTUNITIES REASONS FOR USING AN EPAC INTERESTED IN USING AN EPAC CYCLING MAY BECOME TOO DIFFICULT 65% TO MAKE CYCLING AGAINST A HEAD WIND EASIER 36% TO BE ABLE TO CYCLE GREATER DISTANCES 33% EASIER TO CLIMB HILLS 19% AN ALTERNATIVE ENVIROMENTAL MEANS OF TRANSPORT 20% SEE POLICY GUIDE FOR FULLER DETAILS On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  11. 11. OPPORTUNITIES 2008 IN THE SWISS TOWN OF BASEL • -INCREASING SHARE OF FEMALE BUYERS • CHANGES IN THE AVERAGE AGE • CHANGES IN THE LEVEL OF EMPLOYMENT • CHANGES IN THE LEVEL OF EDUCATION & INCOME IN 2003, 98% OF THE BUYERS HAD A CAR DRIVER’S LICENSE, IN 2008 THAT WAS 82% CONCLUSION: THE DEMOGRAPHIC MIX OF EPAC BUYERS IS BROADENING On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  12. 12. OPPORTUNITIES USER GROUPS CAR DRIVERS: OVER 50% OF ALL CAR TRIPS ARE LESS THAN 6 KM On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  13. 13. OPPORTUNITIES PARENTS AND SHOPPERS THE EXTRA BURDEN OF CARRYING CHILDREN CAN BE REDUCED PARKING ISSUES ARE REDUCED FOR SHOPPERS On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  14. 14. OPPORTUNITIES PROFESSIONAL GROUPS DOCTORS - POLICE - REAL ESTATE AGENTS HOME DELIVERIES POSTMEN- BUTCHERS- GROCERS PIZZA BOYS- FISH MONGERS + + + On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  15. 15. OPPORTUNITIES THE ELDERLY OFFICAL STATISTICS SHOW THAT IN EUROPE 84.6 MILLION PEOPLE ARE OVER 65 On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  16. 16. OPPORTUNITIES HEALTH ASSISTANCE CARDIO VASICULAR DIABETES TYPE 2 HYPERTENSION … SECONDARY BENIFITS: MOBILITY On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  17. 17. OPPORTUNITIES TOURISM CYCLING ON THE TURBACZ ETC OR DISCOVERING CITIES BY BIKE On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  18. 18. SUMMARY CHECK THE GUIDE SEE THE POTENTIAL DECIDE IF IT IS FOR YOU On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  19. 19. THE PRODUCTS WHAT TO LOOK FOR WHEN CHOOSING AN EPAC AND WHY? • FRAME • FORKS • RIMS • WIRING • SENSOR POSITION • ACCESS TO SERVICE ITEMS • BATTERIES On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  20. 20. THE PRODUCTS BATTERIES •Li-ion •Ni-MH •Ni-CAD •LEAD ACID On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  21. 21. BATTERIES LI-ION BATTERY (LITHIUM-ION) •600 CHARGES •MUCH LIGHTER •NO MEMORY EFFECT •NOT SO SENSITIVE TO TEMPERATURE •SOME CHARGING ISSUES •MORE EXPENSIVE On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  22. 22. BATTERIES Li-ion SPECIAL NOTE 1 THIS TYPE INITIALLY MUST BE CHARGED TO THE FULL THEN DISCHARGED TO COMPLETELY EMPTY THREE TIMES. THIS WILL REGISTER TO THE BATTERRY WHAT IS FULL AND WHAT IS EMPTY. On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  23. 23. BATTERIES Li-ion SPECIAL NOTE 2 THIS TYPE OF BATTERY WILL LOSE ABOUT 20% PER YEAR. THEREFORE THE LIFE EXPECTANCY IS FIVE YEARS. On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  24. 24. BATTERIES Ni-MH Battery: NICKLE METALHYDRID 20 cells x 1,2v = 24 Volt. P = 24V x 11 Ah =250 Watt. 500 CHARGES NOT AS EXPENSIVE AS LI-ION HAS A MEMORY EFFECT THIS BATTERY TYPE IS NOT GOOD FOR POLAND DUE TO TEMPERATURE RESTRICTIONS HOT AND COLD. On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles .
  25. 25. BATTERIES Lithium-ion LG Lithium-ion Sanyo NI-MH Sanyo NI-MH Sanyo Voltage ( V ) 27,2 V 27,2 V 24.0 V 24.0 V Amperage ( A ) 10.0 A 9.0 A 9.0 A 8.0 A Wattage ( W ) (W=V x A) 272W (=27,2Vx10A) 244W(=27.2Vx9A) 216W (=24Vx9A) 192W(=24Vx8A) Weight 2.6 kg 4.3 kg 4.0 kg 2.6 kg Charges 600 600 500 500 NO NO YES YES Memory effect On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  26. 26. BATTERIES Ni-CD Battery: NICKLE CADMIUM • POISON INSIDE • HAS A MEMORY EFFECT LEAD ACID Battery: • VERY HEAVY • SHORT LIFE SPAN • GOOD INDICATOR OF A LOW QUALITY BIKE On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  27. 27. BATTERIES Typical effect of temperature on the efficiency of the 100km battery 37km 25km 25°C 0°C -15°C On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  28. 28. BATTERIES UN REGULATIONS TRANSPORTATION OF BATTERIES DO NOT POST BATTERIES On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  29. 29. THE SENSOR THE SENSOR SENDS A SINGNAL TO THE BRAIN OR THE DRIVER FITTED TO THE BIKE THE SINGNAL INFORMS THE DRIVER TO USE POWER On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  30. 30. THE SENSOR THE BASIC SENSOR THIS SYSTEM IS VERY LOW COST BUT HAS A GREAT DEAL OF LIMITATIONS On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  31. 31. THE SENSOR THE TORQUE SENSOR: 2 EXAMPLES On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  32. 32. THE SENSOR AS PRESSURE IS APPLIED THE GAP IN THE TWO CONTACTS CHANGES. THIS VARIABLE IMPULSE INDICATES TOTHE DRIVER THE POWER REQUIRED On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  33. 33. THE SENSOR AXLE MOUNTED SENSOR On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  34. 34. THE SENSOR AXLE MOUNTED SENSOR WORKS BY STRESS APPLICATION On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  35. 35. THE SENSOR HALL SENSOR SPRING On-site training: Tczew FIXED POINT CHANGES Electric bicycles
  36. 36. THE SENSOR HALL SENSOR MAGNET On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  37. 37. THE SENSOR On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  38. 38. THE SENSOR THE BASIC SENSOR THE MOTOR IS ALWAYS PROVIDING FULL POWER RESULTS IN: •SHORTER MAXIMUM JOURNEYS BEFORE RECHARGE •FAST ACCELERATION THAT MAY NOT BE REQUIRED •REQUIRES A CUT-OFF SYSTEM FOR BRAKING On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  39. 39. MOTORS THE MOTOR On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  40. 40. MOTORS A MOTOR USING BRUSHES LOTS OF NOISE PARTS THAT WEAR OUT REQUIRES ADDITIONAL WIRING WEIGHT 2.3kg On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  41. 41. MOTORS THE WORKINGS OF SOME ELECTRIC MOTORS Planeetwiel drager met planetaire tandwielen. LOTS OF MOVING PARTS
  42. 42. MOTORS THE BRUSHLESS MOTOR SENSOR On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  43. 43. MOTORS THE BRUSHLESS MOTOR LIGHTER LESS MOVING PARTS LONGER LIFE MUCH QUIETER MORE INFORMATION GATHERED MORE INTELLIGENT On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  44. 44. MOTORS ON CERTAIN MODELS SUCH AS BATAVUS, KOGA-MIYATA, SPARTA AND HERCULES THE PRINCIPLE IS THAT THE WHEEL IS THE MOVING PART On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  45. 45. MOTORS BATAVUS,KOGA MIATA,SPARTA AND HERCULES On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  46. 46. MOTORS On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  47. 47. TECHNICAL SPECIALIST TOOLS REQUIRED MULTIMETER VOLTS • Spanningsmeting • Weerstandsmeting AMPS • Diode test OHM • Stroommeting WATT On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  48. 48. THE MULTIMETER On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  49. 49. EXPECTATIONS PRE-DELIVERY INSPECTIONS SERVICE REQUIREMENTS CUSTOMER MAINTENANCE On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  50. 50. EXPECTATIONS PRE DELIVERY INSPECTIONS NON STD BIKE PARTS SENSOR SETTINGS GREASE (SPECIALTY) ON CERTAIN PARTS REAR WHEEL NUTS ON SOME CYCLES TO BETWEEN 25TO 28 NM On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  51. 51. EXPECTATIONS SERVICE REQUIREMENTS INTERVALS AT THE MANUFACTURERS INSTRUCTIONS OR EVERY 1000 K OR EVERY SIX MONTHS On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  52. 52. THE END USER INSTRUCTIONS STORAGE FOR LONG PERIODS DEPENDING ON THE BATTERY THE BATTERY MAY HAVE TO BE LEFT ON CHARGE On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  53. 53. International workshop Improving Cycling Culture in Cities February 26th-27th, 2010 Tczew - POLAND ? Bremen Tczew ANY Grenoble Venice Zagreb QUESTIONS? Promoting Cycling for Everyone as a Daily Transport Mode is supported by
  54. 54. International workshop Improving Cycling Culture in Cities February 26th-27th, 2010 Tczew - POLAND Thank you for your attention! More information on: www.presto-cycling.eu Bremen Tczew Contanct: e_eccleston@yahoo.com Venice Grenoble Zagreb Promoting Cycling for Everyone as a Daily Transport Mode is supported by

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