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Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
Tronco encefalico
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Tronco encefalico

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  • 1. KAREM A. MARTINEZ F.RESIDENTE DE ANESTESIOLOGIA Y REANIMACIòN HSB
  • 2.  Red que comprende: Sensitiva – Motor (Conciencia)- Sustancia blanca- Sustancia gris
  • 3. - Control de variables fisiologicas: (nexo) Respiraciòn Presiòn arterial Equilibrio Vigilia-sueño
  • 4.  Funciones:- Inervaciòn - Somatosensorial-motora(cabeza-cuello) - Organos de los sentidos - Preganglionar parasimpatica a ganglios autonomicos (visceral)
  • 5.  Se subdividen en grupos funcionales:1. MOTONEURONAS- Viscerales generales: Autonomica preganglionar parasimpatica (III-VII-IX-X)- Viscerales especiales: Musculos de arcos branquiales(V-VII-IX-X-XI)- Somaticas : Musculos cara y cuello (III-IV-VI-XII)
  • 6. 2. SENSORIALES- Somatica general: Piel cara, mucosa bucal, faringe, propiocepciòn (V-VII-IX-X)- Somatica especial: Oido interno (VIII)- Somatica visceral general: Organos toracicos y viscerales (IX-X)- Somatica visceral especial: Corpusculos gustativos(VII-IX-X)
  • 7.  Anatomica:- Nucleos rafe- Regiòn magnocelular- Regiòn parvicelular
  • 8.  Neurotransmisor:- Dopaminergico (Mesencefalo) Estado emocional-dependencia- Noradrenergico (Locus coereleus) Depresiòn-dependencia- Colinergico (Talamo-corteza-limbico) Memoria-aprendizaje
  • 9. - Serotoninergico (Rafe)- Histaminergico (Diencefalo-nucleos tuberomamilares) Alerta-analgesia
  • 10.  Activaciòn del SNC y control del estado de alerta Regulaciòn reflejos medulares y tono muscular Locomociòn Participaciòn control respiratorio y cardiovascular (hipotalamo-limbico) Nocicepciòn (Asta posterior) Ciclo sueño-vigilia
  • 11. 1. Guyton A, Hall J. Tratado de Fisiologia mèdica. Mc Graw Hill. Unidad IX, pag 621-681. Decima Ediciòn. 20012. Bustamante J. neuroanatomia Funcional y Clinica. Celsus. 4ta Ediciòn. Capitulo 13.

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