K5  CONSULTING
<ul><li>Management:  The process of setting objectives and making the most efficient use of financial, human and physical ...
<ul><li>Decide upon objectives for the organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Provide expertise and set standards for the organisa...
<ul><li>A good leader will be informed and knowledgeable about matters relating to the business </li></ul><ul><li>A good l...
<ul><li>Three basic categories of leadership style… </li></ul><ul><li>Autocratic or authoritarian leadership </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Such leaders… </li></ul><ul><li>Take decisions with little involvement of junior employees </li></ul><ul><li>Alloc...
<ul><li>Such leaders, use a one-way communication system, downwards from leader to subordinate. </li></ul><ul><li>This sty...
<ul><li>This is a leadership style which is quite dictatorial, yet decisions are taken in the best interests of the employ...
<ul><li>This form of leadership involves running a business on the basis on the majority of decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>T...
<ul><li>There is a two-way communication between senior  </li></ul><ul><li>and junior employees.  </li></ul><ul><li>Bill G...
<ul><li>In 1964, Douglas published ‘The Human Side of Enterprise.’ </li></ul><ul><li>This book is famous for discovering h...
<ul><li>The average employee dislike work and will avoid it if at all possible </li></ul><ul><li>People must be controlled...
<ul><li>Working is as natural as play or rest for the average employee </li></ul><ul><li>The typical worker does not have ...
<ul><li>Peter Drucker published ‘The Practice of Management,’ which included his theory of  Management by Objectives . </l...
<ul><li>According to Drucker’s theory of management, managers should; </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and agree targets for ach...
<ul><li>It can improve the communication within the organisation as the target-setting and evaluation process takes place ...
<ul><li>Some employees may see the setting of targets as threatening. A manager might set targets that the subordinate con...
<ul><li>There are a number of important factors which influence the day-to-day leadership approach used by managers  </li>...
<ul><li>Team working occurs when production is organised into substantial units of work. </li></ul><ul><li>Team working is...
<ul><li>Individuals must not only be multi-skilled, but their skills and personalities must blend together and be complime...
<ul><li>It is important for leaders to make sure that teams are all pursuing the organisation’s objectives </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Team-based leadership may also require the implementation of  single status  into the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Use the same canteen and other facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Work similar hours </li></ul><ul><li>Are entitled to s...
<ul><li>Important elements of an individuals style of leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Delegation:  Managers give junior emplo...
<ul><li>Frees senior managers for other matters </li></ul><ul><li>May breed a sense of responsibility and help to motivate...
<ul><li>Trusting subordinates can be risky and responsibility remains with the senior manager </li></ul><ul><li>Delegation...
BUSINESS SUPPORT  CONSULTANCY SERVICES  BUSINESS COACHING INTERIM ASSIGNMENTS FOR SMALL TO MEDIUM SIZED BUSINESS  ACROSS  ...
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Leadership And Management Styles

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Leadership And Management Styles

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Leadership And Management Styles

  1. 1. K5 CONSULTING
  2. 2. <ul><li>Management: The process of setting objectives and making the most efficient use of financial, human and physical resources to achieve these objectives. Key tasks include planning, control and co-ordination . </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership : Influencing others to achieve certain aims or objectives. Effective leadership skills can help a manager to carry out their duties </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Decide upon objectives for the organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Provide expertise and set standards for the organisation </li></ul><ul><li>Decide upon company structure and shape the culture of the business </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>A good leader will be informed and knowledgeable about matters relating to the business </li></ul><ul><li>A good leader should be self-motivated and desire to achieve great things </li></ul><ul><li>A good leader should possess an air for authority </li></ul><ul><li>A good leader would have the ability to think creatively and to solve problems </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Three basic categories of leadership style… </li></ul><ul><li>Autocratic or authoritarian leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Paternalistic leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic leadership </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Such leaders… </li></ul><ul><li>Take decisions with little involvement of junior employees </li></ul><ul><li>Allocate tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Set objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Will contain total control throughout </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Such leaders, use a one-way communication system, downwards from leader to subordinate. </li></ul><ul><li>This style of leadership may be appropriate when quick decisions are required, or when large numbers of un-skilled employees are involved. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>This is a leadership style which is quite dictatorial, yet decisions are taken in the best interests of the employees . </li></ul><ul><li>This style’s key features include… </li></ul><ul><li>This form of leadership explains decisions </li></ul><ul><li>It also ensures employees’ social and leisure needs are met. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>This form of leadership involves running a business on the basis on the majority of decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>This methods main features include… </li></ul><ul><li>This form of leadership encourages employees to take part in decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>This method also uses delegation </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>There is a two-way communication between senior </li></ul><ul><li>and junior employees. </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Gates was a man, famous for his democratic management style at Microsoft. </li></ul><ul><li>He has actively involved employees in key management and strategic decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of his time is devoted to meeting with customers and staying in contact with Microsoft employees around the world via e-mail. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>In 1964, Douglas published ‘The Human Side of Enterprise.’ </li></ul><ul><li>This book is famous for discovering how leaders’ attitudes may influence their behaviour. </li></ul><ul><li>The book is noted for its comparison of two types of leader that McGregor called ‘TheoryX’ and ‘TheoryY’ leaders. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>The average employee dislike work and will avoid it if at all possible </li></ul><ul><li>People must be controlled and directed and punished, if necessary, to put in a real effort at work </li></ul><ul><li>The typical worker wants to avoid responsibility and has little ambition </li></ul><ul><li>Employees look for security above all else at work </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Working is as natural as play or rest for the average employee </li></ul><ul><li>The typical worker does not have an in-built dislike for work </li></ul><ul><li>Other means exist to motivate workers rather than control and punishment </li></ul><ul><li>In the right circumstances, workers seek responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Most employees have imagination and creativity that may be used to help organisations achieve their goals </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Peter Drucker published ‘The Practice of Management,’ which included his theory of Management by Objectives . </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>According to Drucker’s theory of management, managers should; </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and agree targets for achievement with sub-ordinates </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiate the support that will be required to achieve these targets </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate over time the extent to which these objectives are met </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>It can improve the communication within the organisation as the target-setting and evaluation process takes place </li></ul><ul><li>Employees may be motivated by understanding what they are trying to achieve, and how it helps the business achieve its overall goal. </li></ul><ul><li>MBO can highlight training needs for managers and sub-ordinates, improving their performance and productivity </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Some employees may see the setting of targets as threatening. A manager might set targets that the subordinate considers unachievable </li></ul><ul><li>All employees within the organisation must be committed to the technique if it is to succeed and benefit the business </li></ul><ul><li>Modern businesses operate in a business environment that changes rapidly. Objectives can quickly become out of date. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>There are a number of important factors which influence the day-to-day leadership approach used by managers </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Team working occurs when production is organised into substantial units of work. </li></ul><ul><li>Team working is common within organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Businesses may assemble teams to solve problems and propose new working methods </li></ul><ul><li>A correct balance of people within the team is essential </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Individuals must not only be multi-skilled, but their skills and personalities must blend together and be complimentary </li></ul><ul><li>Successful teams need people with drive and motivation, as well as people with administrative skills to ensure all tasks are completed </li></ul><ul><li>Quality Circles: teams of employees drawn </li></ul><ul><li>from all levels in the organisation to solve operational problems </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>It is important for leaders to make sure that teams are all pursuing the organisation’s objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Teams may become too competitive </li></ul><ul><li>Teams may become confident to their own success, an unaware of changes taking place out side the team. This may result in failure to meet targets </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Team-based leadership may also require the implementation of single status into the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>This leads to the removal of all barriers distinguishing between different grades of staff within the organisation </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Use the same canteen and other facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Work similar hours </li></ul><ul><li>Are entitled to similar holiday arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>Wear the same clothing </li></ul><ul><li>The only distinction remaining should be the level of pay received by various grades of employees </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Important elements of an individuals style of leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Delegation: Managers give junior employees the authority to carry out particular tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation: occurs when managers ask for, and take into account, views of subordinates </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Frees senior managers for other matters </li></ul><ul><li>May breed a sense of responsibility and help to motivate </li></ul><ul><li>Controlling subordinates is expensive and supervisors may be required </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals may develop skills and careers </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Trusting subordinates can be risky and responsibility remains with the senior manager </li></ul><ul><li>Delegation may involve expensive training for subordinates </li></ul><ul><li>Once trust is given, it is impossible to remove it without loss of face </li></ul><ul><li>Some managers may be reluctant to use delegation as they have to relinquish control </li></ul>
  27. 27. BUSINESS SUPPORT CONSULTANCY SERVICES BUSINESS COACHING INTERIM ASSIGNMENTS FOR SMALL TO MEDIUM SIZED BUSINESS ACROSS LONDON, THE HOME COUNTIES , HAMPSHIRE & SUSSEX Visit us today at www.k5consulting.co.uk
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