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Evolving Robots in Information Society


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Presentation given in the Finnish RobotWeek seminar November 27th 2013

Presentation given in the Finnish RobotWeek seminar November 27th 2013

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  • 1. Information Society Development Centre Evolving Robots in Information Society Jyrki J.J. Kasvi
  • 2. Take us prophets with a pinch of salt  ”There is no reason for any individual to have a computer in their home.”   "You aren't going to turn passive consumers into active trollers on the Internet."   US Department of Defense, 2006 “By 2015–2020 every South Korean household will have a robot and many European, “   Sir Alan Sugar, 2005 By 2015 one third of US fighting strength will be composed of robots   Stephen Weiswasser, senior VP, ABC television, 1989 “Next Christmas the iPod will be dead, finished, gone, kaput.”   Ken Olson, President of DEC, World Future Society Convention, 1977 The Ministry of Information and Communication (South Korea), 2007 When it comes to information society, science fiction has hit the mark much better   But how about robotics? Popular culture has formed our attitudes and perceptions on robots and robotic society
  • 3. This (I Robot) is not going to happen, in spite of fact that there is a forerunner company called iRobot. 27.11.2013 TIEKE Tietoyhteiskunnan kehittämiskeskus ry 3
  • 4. Revolution from digital to physical  Robots have already changed the way live and work but they have been hidden out of sight in factories  Just like computers were hidden in computer centers before invading our homes and lives  Information society has been the domain of information and communication technologies  Robotics breaks the conceptual wall between digital and physical  Robots mean we can program and hack our everyday reality But is this a robot or just a stupid machine repeating moves it has been programmed to do?
  • 5. Robots already present in our lives  Teller machines have replaced bank clerks  Remember going to bank every other day just to get some cash?  But are teller machines robots or just clever automatons?  Vacuum cleaners and lawn movers haven been replaced by simple single task robots  Well defined limited tasks are the first to be taken over by AI’s  “Intelligent” washing machines analyze your laundry and autonomously decide how to wash it  Intelligent appliances make smart homes  Robot police are coming to our streets  But aren’t iRobot 510 PackBots just remote controlled machines? 27.11.2013 TIEKE Tietoyhteiskunnan kehittämiskeskus ry 5
  • 6. Does military/police iRobot PackBot pack the same technologies as iRobot Roomba?
  • 7. Robots change our societies beyond recognition  Productivity explosion corresponding to industrialization  Stupid industrial jobs are going the way of stupid agricultural jobs  In 20 years half of current jobs will be replaced by AI’s and robots  … and agricultural robots are remaking agriculture too  Totally new industries not viable with human labor  E.g. automatic waste sorting  Appliances and machinery become autonomous and networked  Your car tells your house that you are coming home: Warm the sauna.  Your Polar stress sensor informs the fridge: Cool another beer. 27.11.2013 ZenRobotics Recycler is a true robot reacting to its environment instead of repeating preordained moves. TIEKE Tietoyhteiskunnan kehittämiskeskus ry 7
  • 8. University of New South Wales Aseta project If I were a farmer I would start taking coding lessons right now
  • 9. Probability * Impact * Disruptivity  E.g. AI’s in trading of stocks and securities  Certain: Widely used already  Strong impact: Squeezes trading cycles to fractions of seconds  Disruptivity disputed: Market structures have stayed the same, but glitches and anomalies have shaken world economy several times  E.g. AI’s in autonomous vehicles  Very probable: Several prototypes are already on the streets  Tremendous impact on car industry, logistics, traffic and infrastructure  Extremely disruptive: The number of vehicles drops dramatically and the profession of drivers practically disappears. Google  Both require regulation, supervision, legislation and radical restructuring of related industries and the whole society. 27.11.2013 TIEKE Tietoyhteiskunnan kehittämiskeskus ry 9
  • 10. Luddite backslash to be expected  Weaving looms of the early 19th century were 1st generation industrial “robots”  Again, industries and societies change very fast when compared to human work life cycles  Not everyone is happy to experience a new job every few years  There are still people who take pride in not knowing how to use a computer  No company or country can afford to take a breather  Forerunners reap the spoils and take the risks  How to dedicate a part of the exploding revenues to finance social benefits and job training required to restructuring  … without hampering the deployment of new AI and robot technologies? 27.11.2013 TIEKE Tietoyhteiskunnan kehittämiskeskus ry 10
  • 11. People easily see the challenges of technology but not the smart machines in our daily lives. Addoz Oy Addoz automatic medicine dispenser calls your nurse if you forget to take your pills.
  • 12. From information security to cyber security  When computers have access to physical reality, information security becomes literally vital  The term cyber security is used to make the distinction to merely digital information security  Military and criminal possibilities of cyber malware are endless  Information security of automation systems is often nonexistent  Automation systems may be connected to Internet without any access control!  A Finnish study found vulnerable automation systems from power plants, factories, a prison, a hospital, a bank and a water purification unit 27.11.2013 TIEKE Tietoyhteiskunnan kehittämiskeskus ry Stuxnet woke us to the reality of cyber warfare and the vulnerability of the automation systems we rely on. 12
  • 13. If someone disables the robots responsible of food logistics, we end up hungry pretty soon.
  • 14. Hack your bot!  Harnessing human creativity to find new robots and robot applications  Open innovation processes familiar from CC 3.0 Share Alike Attribution Halftermeyer open source software may create surprising new applications really fast  E.g. autonomous drones built from RC plaes and smart phone components  Commercial uses of robot drones hampered by lack of legislation  Keep robot technologies and legislation open to tinkerers! U Cat 27.11.2013 TIEKE Tietoyhteiskunnan kehittämiskeskus ry 14
  • 15. U.S. Army Photo Sukupuolten välinen digikuilu? Discussion 30.9.2010 15