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path to a blackout free india

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  • 1.     The outage affected over 620 million people, about 9% of the world population, spread across 22 states in Northern, Eastern, and Northeast India. worst sufferers were 265 miners. The power collapse triggered disruption in Metro and train services. It crippled water supply and choked roads due to nonfunctional traffic lights.
  • 2. POWER HUNGRY STATES IMPROPER GRID DISCIPLINE ELECTRICITY THEFT
  • 3.     Some states reached beyond their scheduled supply purchase to meet demand. Uttar Pradesh last month drew 3,762 MU (million units of power) as against its allotted share of 3,011 MU. Haryana withdrew 2,064 MU as against its scheduled limit of 1,817 MU Rajasthan’s actual drawing from the grid was 1,505 MU as against its schedule of 1,407 MU.
  • 4. Reducing load to avert blackout In accordance with the Indian Electricity Grid Code 2010, the grid discipline is strictly maintained by Tamil Nadu despite the failure of South West monsoon, infirm nature of wind-power and frequent outages of central generating stations,"
  • 5.   Our state electricity boards would be richer by 2,00,000 crore rupees if they could stop theft. In stealing it, people increase energy inefficiency, by often grounding the wire they have hooked up illegally to the grid in the soil.
  • 6. LACK OF POWER TRADING GOVT. MONOPOLY IN POWER SECTOR DEPENDENCY ON COAL
  • 7.   Power demand during the rainy seasons is low in the States of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh and high in Delhi and Punjab. The Eastern Region has a significant surplus round the clock, and even normally power deficit states with very low agricultural loads like Delhi have surpluses at night.
  • 8.   ultimate consumers of electricity are largely served by their respective State Electricity Boards . relationship is primarily that of captive customers versus monopoly suppliers.
  • 9.    In 2011-12, coalfired capacity of 117GW produced only 86GW power, mainly because of lack of fuel. Poor coal quality. One measure is to import coal at lower costs.
  • 10. USE MICRO GRIDS TRACKING ELECTRICITY THEFT POWER STORAGE SYSTEM DYNAMIC PRICING
  • 11.   microgrids can serve to generate electricity and store it so that when they disconnect from the grid, they function with energy self-sufficiency. They incorporate renewable generation and storage system.
  • 12.   Smart electricity meters can help detect electricity theft and meter tampering. Smart meters in the US have capability to send electricity consumption data back to the utility company remotely so a meter reader does not have to come by your house.
  • 13.     Energy could be stored in units at power stations, along transmission lines, at substations, and in locations near customers Flywheels store energy by spinning Supercapacitors store energy by separating charges. In Madrid, Beijing and other cities, cabinets full of supercapacitors buffer electric trains.
  • 14.    California completed a large-scale pilot with 2,500 customers to estimate dynamic pricing impacts. Analysis of experimental data shows residential customers dropped peak loads on critical-peak days by 13%. customers with smart thermostats dropped loads by almost twice as much as the average residential customer
  • 15. QUESTIONS