DEFINITION <ul><li>“ IT IS A SET OF LAWS AND RULES SETTING UP THE MACHINERY OF THE GOVERNMRNT OF A STATE AND WHICH DEFINES...
HISTORICAL BACK GROUND OF CONSTITUTION <ul><li>CABINET MISSION </li></ul><ul><li>THREE BRITISH CABINET MINISTERS WERE DEVE...
OBJECTIVES OF THE  CONSTITUTION: <ul><li>1NDIA IS AN INDEPENDENT, SOVEREIGN, AND REPUBLIC  </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA SHALL B...
CONTI.. <ul><li>TERRITORIES FORMING THE UNION SHALL BE AUTONOMOUS UNITS AND EXERCISE ALL POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE GOVER...
CONTI.. <ul><li>THE MINORITIES, BACKWARD AND TRIBAL AREAS, DEPRESSED AND OTHER BACKWARD CLASSES SHALL BE PROVIDED ADEQUATE...
PREAMBLE   <ul><li>IT IS AN INTRODUCTORY STATEMENT OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION.  </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS THE MAIN PHILOSOPHY OF...
 
COMPONENTS OF PREAMBLE <ul><li>DECLARATIVE :  </li></ul><ul><li>PURPOSE OF THIS PORTION IS OBVIOUSLY DECLARATORY AND ASSER...
<ul><li>DESCRIPTIVE : </li></ul><ul><li>IMPLICITLY INCORPORATES THE CONCEPT OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AS THAT OF FUNDAMENTAL D...
SCHEDULES <ul><li>1. STATES AND UNION TERRITORIES. </li></ul><ul><li>2. EMOLUMENTS (COMPENSATION) FOR HIGH-LEVEL OFFICIALS...
CONTI.. <ul><li>6. PROVISIONS FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF TRIBAL AREAS IN ASSAM; </li></ul><ul><li>7. THE UNION (CENTRAL GOV...
CONTI.. <ul><li>10. ANTI-DEFECTION PROVISIONS FOR MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT AND MEMBERS OF THE STATE LEGISLATURES; </li></ul><...
AMENDMENTS METHODS OF AMENDMENT <ul><li>BY SIMPLE MAJORITY OF THE PARLIAMENT: AMENDMENTS IN THIS CATEGORY CAN BE MADE BY A...
 
 
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND DUTIES <ul><li>COMES UNDER PART III AND PART IV OF THE CONSTITUTION  </li></ul><ul><li>PART III CON...
SOME OF THE DUTIES ARE: <ul><li>TO RESPECT IDEALS, AND INSTITUTIONS AND SYMBOLS SET UP BY THE CONSTITUTION, </li></ul><ul>...
CONTI.. <ul><li>TO FOLLOW THE NOBLE IDEALS WHICH INSPIRED OUR NATIONAL STRUGGLE AND TO DEVELOP  A SCIENTIFIC TEMPER, HUMAN...
CONSTITUTION FOR A DEMOCRATIC COUNTRY <ul><li>ESSENTIALS OF DEMOCRACY </li></ul><ul><li>-  PERIDICALLY ELECTED BY THE PEOP...
CONTI.. <ul><li>NATURE OF INDIAN DEMOCRACY </li></ul><ul><li>PARLIAMENT IS THE SUPERIOR ORGAN OF THE STATE AND THE EXECUTI...
<ul><li>INDIAN ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM </li></ul>
<ul><li>INDIANADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM IN THE PRE-INDEPENDENCE PERIOD: </li></ul>
VEDIC TIMES <ul><li>MONARCHIAL </li></ul><ul><li>(KING/ QUEEN) </li></ul><ul><li>PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION </li></ul>
EMPIRES PERIOD <ul><li>EMPIRES </li></ul><ul><li>PROVINCES  STATE ADMINISTRATION </li></ul><ul><li>    </li></ul><ul><li...
DURING MAURYAN ADMINISTRATION <ul><li>CENTRAL OFFICERS, SUBORDINATED BY,  </li></ul><ul><li>-  PROVINCIAL </li></ul><ul><l...
NATIONALIST MOVEMENTS <ul><li>WAR BETWEEN DIFFERENT RULES IN INDIA HAS BECOME A REASON FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF BRITISH RULE...
BREITISH RULE ADMINISTRATION SYSTEM <ul><li>PROVINCES (60%) </li></ul><ul><li>COMPLETELY UNDER BRITISH CONTROL </li></ul><...
POLITICAL ADMINISTRATION <ul><li>BEFORE INDEPENDENCE-LIBERAL DEMOCRATIC SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><li>AFTER INDEPENDENCE-REPUBL...
SYSTEMS OF POLITICAL ADMINISTRATION <ul><li>PARLIAMENT </li></ul><ul><li>INDIAN JUDICIARY </li></ul><ul><li>PANCHAYAT RAJ ...
PARLIAMENT <ul><li>CONSISTS OF </li></ul><ul><li>ONE PRESIDENT </li></ul><ul><li>RAJYA SABHA </li></ul><ul><li>LOK SABHA <...
THE PRESIDENT <ul><li>HEAD OF STATE AND FIRST CITIZEN OF INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>SUPREME COMMANDER OF THE INDIAN ARMED FOR...
<ul><li>MODE OF ELECTION </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTED MEMBERS OF BOTH HOUSES AND ELECTEDMEMBERS OF LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES. </...
RAJYA SABHA <ul><li>IT IS A PERMANENT BODY. </li></ul><ul><li>MEMBERS SHOULD HAVE THE AGE OF 30 AND ABOVE. </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>OFFICERS </li></ul><ul><li>1. EX-OFFICIO CHAIRMAN (VICE PERSIDENT) </li></ul><ul><li>2. DEPUTY CHAIRMAN. </li></ul...
<ul><li>4.CONSTITUENT FUNCTION </li></ul><ul><li>5.MISCELLANEOUS FUNCTION. </li></ul><ul><li>The Vice-President of India i...
THE HOUSE OF THE PEOPLE (LOK SABHA) <ul><li>Members are elected by the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Eligibility criteria:- </...
PRESIDING OFFICERS <ul><li>SPEAKER  </li></ul><ul><li>DEPUTY SPEAKER </li></ul><ul><li>RESPONSIBILITY-CONDUCT OF MEETING. ...
SPEAKER <ul><li>Symbolizes the dignity and power of the House. </li></ul><ul><li>The Speaker can be removed from office on...
<ul><li>The Committees of the House function under the overall direction of the Speaker.   </li></ul><ul><li>The Speaker i...
<ul><li>FUNCTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>LEGISLATIVE </li></ul><ul><li>FINANCIAL-MONEY BILL </li></ul><ul><li>IT SHOULD BE PASS...
VICE PRESIDENT <ul><li>MUST POSSESS ALL QUALIFICATIONS OF PRESIDENT. </li></ul><ul><li>HE MAY ACT AS A PRESIDENT IN CAUSAL...
COUNCIL OF MINISTERS(CABINET COMMITTEE) <ul><li>CONSISTS OF CABINET MINISTERS OF STATES AND JUNIOR MINISTERS. </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>CHIEF MINISTER –HEAD OF HE STATE. </li></ul><ul><li>FIGUREHEAD OF THE STATE IS THE GOVERNOR   </li></ul>
INDIAN PARLIA MENTARY GROUP <ul><li>Is an autonomous body formed in the year 1949 in pursuance of a Motion adopted by the ...
<ul><li>iii)  To arrange lectures on political, defence, economic, social and educational problems by Members of Parliamen...
<ul><li>Advantages of Membership of the IPG </li></ul><ul><li>The main advantage of membership of the Indian Parliamentary...
<ul><li>FACILITIES TO EX-MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT </li></ul><ul><li>> Pensioner Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>> Free Rail Travel...
INDIAN JUDICIARY <ul><li>The Judicial system comprises of Supreme Court, High courts, District courts and Lok adalats  . <...
<ul><li>High Courts of India </li></ul><ul><li>The High Courts are the </li></ul><ul><li>principal national courts of orig...
<ul><li>District Courts of India </li></ul><ul><li>The District Courts of India are controlled over by a judge. They gover...
PANCHAYATRAJ <ul><li>It was adopted by state governments during the 1950s and 60s laws were passed to establish Panchayats...
<ul><li>Gram Sabha: </li></ul><ul><li>Gram Sabha elects the members of Gram Panchayat from its members. It elects Sarpanch...
<ul><li>Gram Panchayat: </li></ul><ul><li>.  It is the executive organ of the Gram Sabha and an agency for planning and de...
<ul><li>NyayaPanchayat: </li></ul><ul><li>It is the judicial organ of the Gram Sabha. There is one Nyaya Panchayat for a g...
<ul><li>At the Block Level: </li></ul><ul><li>The block consists of about 100 villages and a population of about 59000 to,...
<ul><li>At the District Level. </li></ul><ul><li>Zila Parishad: </li></ul><ul><li>It is the agency of rural local self gov...
 
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Constitution of india 2003

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Constitution of india 2003

  1. 2. DEFINITION <ul><li>“ IT IS A SET OF LAWS AND RULES SETTING UP THE MACHINERY OF THE GOVERNMRNT OF A STATE AND WHICH DEFINES AND DETERMINES THE RELATIONS BETWEEN THE DIFFERENT INSTITUTIONS AND AREAS OF GOVERNMENT, THE EXECUTIVE, THE LAGISLATURE AND THE JUDICIARY, THE CENTRAL, THE REGIONAL AND THE LOCAL GOVERNMENTS.” </li></ul>
  2. 3. HISTORICAL BACK GROUND OF CONSTITUTION <ul><li>CABINET MISSION </li></ul><ul><li>THREE BRITISH CABINET MINISTERS WERE DEVELOPED THE FRAMEWORK OF THE CONSTITUTION. THE ASSEMBLY BEGAN WORK ON 9 DECEMBER 1947. </li></ul><ul><li>THE CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY </li></ul><ul><li>THE PEOPLE OF INDIA ELECTED THE MEMBERS. DR. B.R. AMBEDKAR WAS APPOINTED THE CHAIRMAN OF THE DRAFTING COMMITTEE).THE CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY MET FOR 166 DAYS.SPREAD OVER A PERIOD OF 2 YEARS, 11 MONTHS AND 18 DAYS </li></ul>
  3. 4. OBJECTIVES OF THE CONSTITUTION: <ul><li>1NDIA IS AN INDEPENDENT, SOVEREIGN, AND REPUBLIC </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA SHALL BE A UNION OF PREVIOUS BRITISH INDIAN TERRITORIES, INDIAN STATES, AND OTHER PARTS OUTSIDE BRITISH INDIA AND INDIAN STATES AS ARE WILLING TO BE A PART OF THE UNION </li></ul>
  4. 5. CONTI.. <ul><li>TERRITORIES FORMING THE UNION SHALL BE AUTONOMOUS UNITS AND EXERCISE ALL POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE GOVERNMENT AND ADMINISTRATION, EXCEPT THOSE ASSIGNED TO OR VESTED IN THE UNION </li></ul><ul><li>ALL POWERS AND AUTHORITY OF SOVEREIGN AND INDEPENDENT INDIA AND ITS CONSTITUTION SHALL FLOW FROM THE PEOPLE </li></ul><ul><li>ALL PEOPLE OF INDIA SHALL BE GUARANTEED AND SECURED SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL JUSTICE; EQUALITY OF STATUS AND OPPORTUNITIES BEFORE LAW; AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS OF TALK, EXPRESSION, BELIEF, FAITH, WORSHIP, VOCATION, ASSOCIATION AND ACTION — SUBJECT TO LAW AND PUBLIC MORALITY. </li></ul>
  5. 6. CONTI.. <ul><li>THE MINORITIES, BACKWARD AND TRIBAL AREAS, DEPRESSED AND OTHER BACKWARD CLASSES SHALL BE PROVIDED ADEQUATE SAFEGUARD </li></ul><ul><li>THE TERRITORIAL INTEGRITY OF THE REPUBLIC AND ITS SOVEREIGN RIGHTS ON LAND, SEA AND AIR SHALL BE MAINTAINE1 ACCORDING TO JUSTICE AND LAW OF CIVILIZED NATIONS; </li></ul><ul><li>THE LAND WOULD MAKE FULL AND WILLING CONTRIBUTION TO THE PROMOTION OF WORLD PEACE AND WELFARE OF MANKIND. </li></ul>
  6. 7. PREAMBLE <ul><li>IT IS AN INTRODUCTORY STATEMENT OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION. </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS THE MAIN PHILOSOPHY OF CONSTITUTION </li></ul>
  7. 9. COMPONENTS OF PREAMBLE <ul><li>DECLARATIVE : </li></ul><ul><li>PURPOSE OF THIS PORTION IS OBVIOUSLY DECLARATORY AND ASSERTIVE REGARDING THE CONSTITUTION BY THE PEOPLE OF INDIA. </li></ul><ul><li>OBLIGATORY: </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS THE OBJECTIVE PART OF PREAMBLE SOME OF THE IMPORTANT WORDS IN THE PREAMBLE: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SOVEREIGN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOCIALIST </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SECULAR: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DEMOCRATIC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>REPUBLIC </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>DESCRIPTIVE : </li></ul><ul><li>IMPLICITLY INCORPORATES THE CONCEPT OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AS THAT OF FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES, BOTH OF WHICH APPEAR SUBSEQUENTLY IN THE CONSTITUTION. </li></ul>
  9. 11. SCHEDULES <ul><li>1. STATES AND UNION TERRITORIES. </li></ul><ul><li>2. EMOLUMENTS (COMPENSATION) FOR HIGH-LEVEL OFFICIALS </li></ul><ul><li>3. FORMS OF OATHS. </li></ul><ul><li>4. DISTRIBUTION OF THE NUMBER OF SEATS IN THE RAJYA SABHA PER STATE OR UNION TERRITORY; </li></ul><ul><li>5. PROVISIONS FOR THE ADMINISTRATION AND CONTROL OF SCHEDULED CASTS AND SCHEDULED TRIBE </li></ul>
  10. 12. CONTI.. <ul><li>6. PROVISIONS FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF TRIBAL AREAS IN ASSAM; </li></ul><ul><li>7. THE UNION (CENTRAL GOVERNMENT), STATE, AND CONCURRENT (DUAL) LISTS OF RESPONSIBILITIES; </li></ul><ul><li>8. THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGES; </li></ul><ul><li>9. ARTICLE 31B-VALIDITY EXCLUDED FROM COURT’S REVIEW (LAND AND TENURE REFORMS; THE ASSOCIATION OF SIKKIM WITH INDIA); </li></ul>
  11. 13. CONTI.. <ul><li>10. ANTI-DEFECTION PROVISIONS FOR MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT AND MEMBERS OF THE STATE LEGISLATURES; </li></ul><ul><li>11. PANCHAYAT RAJ (RURAL DEVELOPMENT) </li></ul><ul><li>12. MUNICIPALITY (URBAN PLANNING). </li></ul>
  12. 14. AMENDMENTS METHODS OF AMENDMENT <ul><li>BY SIMPLE MAJORITY OF THE PARLIAMENT: AMENDMENTS IN THIS CATEGORY CAN BE MADE BY A SIMPLE MAJORITY OF MEMBERS PRESENT AND VOTING, BEFORE SENDING THEM FOR THE PRESIDENT’S ASSENT. </li></ul><ul><li>BY SPECIAL MAJORITY OF THE PARLIAMENT: AMENDMENTS CAN BE MADE IN THIS CATEGORY BY A TWO THIRD MAJORITY OF THE TOTAL NUMBER OF MEMBERS PRESENT AND VOTING, WHICH SHOULD NOT BE LESS THAN HALF OF THE TOTAL MEMBERSHIP OF THE HOUSE. </li></ul>
  13. 17. FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND DUTIES <ul><li>COMES UNDER PART III AND PART IV OF THE CONSTITUTION </li></ul><ul><li>PART III CONTAINS 24 ARTICLES FROM 12-35 THESE RIGHTS CAN BE CLASSIFIED INTO SIX GROUPS: </li></ul><ul><li>A) RIGHT TO EQUALITY </li></ul><ul><li>B) RIGHT TO PARTICULAR FREEDOM </li></ul><ul><li>C) RIGHT AGAINST EXPLOITATION </li></ul><ul><li>D) RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E) CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>F) RIGHT TO CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDIES </li></ul></ul>
  14. 18. SOME OF THE DUTIES ARE: <ul><li>TO RESPECT IDEALS, AND INSTITUTIONS AND SYMBOLS SET UP BY THE CONSTITUTION, </li></ul><ul><li>TO DEFEND THE UNITY AND INTEGRITY OF THE COUNTRY AND RENDER NATIONAL SERVICE IN DEFENCE OF ITS INDEPENDENCE, </li></ul><ul><li>TO VALUE THE RICH HERITAGE OF INDIA’S COMPOSITE CULTURE AND TO PROMOTE SPIRIT OF HARMONY AND BROTHERHOOD RISING ABOVE NARROW SECTARIAN FEELINGS, </li></ul>
  15. 19. CONTI.. <ul><li>TO FOLLOW THE NOBLE IDEALS WHICH INSPIRED OUR NATIONAL STRUGGLE AND TO DEVELOP A SCIENTIFIC TEMPER, HUMANISM AND THE SPIRIT OF INQUIRY AND REFORMS, </li></ul><ul><li>TO SAFEGUARD PUBLIC PROPERTY AND AVOID VIOLENCE, AND </li></ul><ul><li>TO STRIVE TOWARDS EXCELLENCE IN ALL SPHERES OF ACTIVITY. </li></ul>
  16. 20. CONSTITUTION FOR A DEMOCRATIC COUNTRY <ul><li>ESSENTIALS OF DEMOCRACY </li></ul><ul><li>- PERIDICALLY ELECTED BY THE PEOPLE </li></ul><ul><li>- HAVE AN OPPORTUNITIES TO CHANGE THE GOVERNMENT </li></ul><ul><li>- POLITICAL DEMOCRACY IMPLIES RULE OF LAW, POLITICAL EQUALITY AND LMITED GOVERNMENT </li></ul>
  17. 21. CONTI.. <ul><li>NATURE OF INDIAN DEMOCRACY </li></ul><ul><li>PARLIAMENT IS THE SUPERIOR ORGAN OF THE STATE AND THE EXECUTIVE- THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS- IS RESPONSIBLE AND ACCOUNTABLE TO IT. </li></ul>
  18. 22. <ul><li>INDIAN ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM </li></ul>
  19. 23. <ul><li>INDIANADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM IN THE PRE-INDEPENDENCE PERIOD: </li></ul>
  20. 24. VEDIC TIMES <ul><li>MONARCHIAL </li></ul><ul><li>(KING/ QUEEN) </li></ul><ul><li>PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION </li></ul>
  21. 25. EMPIRES PERIOD <ul><li>EMPIRES </li></ul><ul><li>PROVINCES STATE ADMINISTRATION </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>DISTRICT NUMEROUS DEPARTMENTS </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>URBAN RURAL EMBASSIES DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>FOR OBSERVATION </li></ul><ul><li>AND INSPECTION </li></ul>
  22. 26. DURING MAURYAN ADMINISTRATION <ul><li>CENTRAL OFFICERS, SUBORDINATED BY, </li></ul><ul><li>- PROVINCIAL </li></ul><ul><li>- DISTRICT </li></ul><ul><li>- VILLAGE OFFICERS </li></ul><ul><li>GOVERNMENT OFFICERS(HEAD- MINISTRY OF ADVISOR) </li></ul><ul><li>- CITY OFFICERS </li></ul><ul><li>- MINISTRY </li></ul><ul><li>- VILLGE </li></ul>
  23. 27. NATIONALIST MOVEMENTS <ul><li>WAR BETWEEN DIFFERENT RULES IN INDIA HAS BECOME A REASON FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF BRITISH RULE </li></ul>
  24. 28. BREITISH RULE ADMINISTRATION SYSTEM <ul><li>PROVINCES (60%) </li></ul><ul><li>COMPLETELY UNDER BRITISH CONTROL </li></ul><ul><li>1. DISTRICT –DISTRICT OFFICER </li></ul><ul><li>2. THALUK-HEAD MAN </li></ul><ul><li>PRINCLY STATES (40%) </li></ul><ul><li>STATES IN BRITISH INDIA CONTROLED BY LOCAL RULER OR KING. </li></ul>
  25. 29. POLITICAL ADMINISTRATION <ul><li>BEFORE INDEPENDENCE-LIBERAL DEMOCRATIC SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><li>AFTER INDEPENDENCE-REPUBLIC SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTION HELD AT 3 LEVELS </li></ul><ul><li>NATIONAL </li></ul><ul><li>STATE </li></ul><ul><li>CITY,TOWN AND VILLAGE </li></ul>
  26. 30. SYSTEMS OF POLITICAL ADMINISTRATION <ul><li>PARLIAMENT </li></ul><ul><li>INDIAN JUDICIARY </li></ul><ul><li>PANCHAYAT RAJ </li></ul>
  27. 31. PARLIAMENT <ul><li>CONSISTS OF </li></ul><ul><li>ONE PRESIDENT </li></ul><ul><li>RAJYA SABHA </li></ul><ul><li>LOK SABHA </li></ul>
  28. 32. THE PRESIDENT <ul><li>HEAD OF STATE AND FIRST CITIZEN OF INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>SUPREME COMMANDER OF THE INDIAN ARMED FORCES </li></ul><ul><li>RESPONSIBILITY-MANAGING EXECUTIVE POWERS IN ACCORDANCE WITH CONSTITUTION. </li></ul><ul><li>ASSISTANCE FROM COUNCIL OF MINISTERS. </li></ul>
  29. 33. <ul><li>MODE OF ELECTION </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTED MEMBERS OF BOTH HOUSES AND ELECTEDMEMBERS OF LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES. </li></ul><ul><li>POWER AND DUTIES </li></ul><ul><li>1 EXECUTIVE </li></ul><ul><li>2 LEGISLATIVE </li></ul><ul><li>3 JUDICIARY </li></ul>
  30. 34. RAJYA SABHA <ul><li>IT IS A PERMANENT BODY. </li></ul><ul><li>MEMBERS SHOULD HAVE THE AGE OF 30 AND ABOVE. </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTED BY THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES OF THEVARIOUS STSTES. </li></ul><ul><li>12 MEMBERS ARE NOMINATED BY THE PRESIDENT. </li></ul><ul><li>THESE MEMBERS SHOULD HAVE DISTINCTION IN THE FIELDS OF ARTS, LITERATURE,SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SERVICE. </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 OF MEMBERS ARE RETIRED EVERY 2 YEARSS. </li></ul>
  31. 35. <ul><li>OFFICERS </li></ul><ul><li>1. EX-OFFICIO CHAIRMAN (VICE PERSIDENT) </li></ul><ul><li>2. DEPUTY CHAIRMAN. </li></ul><ul><li>FUNCTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>1. LEGISLATIVE </li></ul><ul><li>2. FINANCIAL </li></ul><ul><li>PASSING OF MONEY BILLS. </li></ul><ul><li>RAJYA SABHA WILL RECOMMEND THIS BILL WITHIN 14 DAYS. </li></ul><ul><li>LOK SABHA ACCEPT OR REJECT THESES RECOMMENDATIONS. </li></ul><ul><li>3. ADMINISTRATIVE –JUDGEMENTAL ACTION OF GOVERNMENT. </li></ul>
  32. 36. <ul><li>4.CONSTITUENT FUNCTION </li></ul><ul><li>5.MISCELLANEOUS FUNCTION. </li></ul><ul><li>The Vice-President of India is elected by an electoral college consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament. </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in the election of president of India. </li></ul><ul><li>A Judge of Supreme Court or a High Court may be removed for misbehavior passed by both houses. </li></ul><ul><li>The approval of the council of states is necessary for the continuance of a proclamation of emergency . </li></ul>
  33. 37. THE HOUSE OF THE PEOPLE (LOK SABHA) <ul><li>Members are elected by the people. </li></ul><ul><li>Eligibility criteria:- </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen of an India </li></ul><ul><li>25 yr and above </li></ul><ul><li>Members can be selected from state and union territories. </li></ul>
  34. 38. PRESIDING OFFICERS <ul><li>SPEAKER </li></ul><ul><li>DEPUTY SPEAKER </li></ul><ul><li>RESPONSIBILITY-CONDUCT OF MEETING. </li></ul><ul><li>CURRENT MEMBERS-545 </li></ul><ul><li>530 ARE FROM STATE </li></ul><ul><li> 13 ARE FROM UNION TERRITORIES. </li></ul><ul><li>2 NOMINATED MEMBERS ARE REPRESENTING THE ANGLO INDIAN COMMUNITY. </li></ul>
  35. 39. SPEAKER <ul><li>Symbolizes the dignity and power of the House. </li></ul><ul><li>The Speaker can be removed from office only on resolution of the House passed by a majority of all the members of the House. </li></ul><ul><li>No specific qualifications are prescribed for being elected the Speaker. The Constitution only requires that he should be a member of the House. </li></ul>
  36. 40. <ul><li>The Committees of the House function under the overall direction of the Speaker. </li></ul><ul><li>The Speaker is the head of the Lok Sabha Secretariat which functions under his ultimate control and direction. </li></ul>
  37. 41. <ul><li>FUNCTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>LEGISLATIVE </li></ul><ul><li>FINANCIAL-MONEY BILL </li></ul><ul><li>IT SHOULD BE PASSED BY L.S THROUGH AUDITING AND WILL TRANSMITT TO R.S </li></ul><ul><li>3 . ELECTORAL </li></ul><ul><li>ELECTING PRESIDENT AND VICE PRESIDENT. </li></ul><ul><li>4. EXECUTIVE –CONSTANT CONTROL OF THE HOUSE OVER GOVERNMENT. </li></ul>
  38. 42. VICE PRESIDENT <ul><li>MUST POSSESS ALL QUALIFICATIONS OF PRESIDENT. </li></ul><ul><li>HE MAY ACT AS A PRESIDENT IN CAUSAL VACCANCY IN OFFICE OF PRESIDENT. </li></ul>
  39. 43. COUNCIL OF MINISTERS(CABINET COMMITTEE) <ul><li>CONSISTS OF CABINET MINISTERS OF STATES AND JUNIOR MINISTERS. </li></ul><ul><li>MEETINGS HELD NORMALY ONCE A WEEK. </li></ul><ul><li>HELD IN RASHTRAPATHI BHAVAN. </li></ul><ul><li>PREPARE ONE AGENDA BY CABINET SECRETARIATE IN CONSULTATION WITH PRIME MINISTER. </li></ul><ul><li>LAST DECISION WILL TAKE BY PRIME MINISTER. </li></ul>
  40. 44. <ul><li>CHIEF MINISTER –HEAD OF HE STATE. </li></ul><ul><li>FIGUREHEAD OF THE STATE IS THE GOVERNOR </li></ul>
  41. 45. INDIAN PARLIA MENTARY GROUP <ul><li>Is an autonomous body formed in the year 1949 in pursuance of a Motion adopted by the Constituent Assembly (Legislative) on 16 August, 1948. </li></ul><ul><li>Aims and Objects </li></ul><ul><li>The aims and objects of the Indian Parliamentary Group are: </li></ul><ul><li>(i) To promote personal contacts between Members of Parliament; </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) To study questions of public importance that are likely to come up before Parliament and arrange Seminars and discussions and orientation courses </li></ul>
  42. 46. <ul><li>iii) To arrange lectures on political, defence, economic, social and educational problems by Members of Parliament and distinguished persons; and </li></ul><ul><li>(iv) To arrange visits to foreign countries with a view to develop contacts with Members of other Parliaments. </li></ul>
  43. 47. <ul><li>Advantages of Membership of the IPG </li></ul><ul><li>The main advantage of membership of the Indian Parliamentary Groupare as follows:- </li></ul><ul><li>(a) Travel facilities and concession </li></ul><ul><li>(b) Introductions and hospitality </li></ul><ul><li>(c) Preferential Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>(d) Free supply of periodicals </li></ul>
  44. 48. <ul><li>FACILITIES TO EX-MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT </li></ul><ul><li>> Pensioner Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>> Free Rail Travel Facility </li></ul><ul><li>> Medical Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>> Family Pension to Spouse </li></ul>
  45. 49. INDIAN JUDICIARY <ul><li>The Judicial system comprises of Supreme Court, High courts, District courts and Lok adalats . </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court of India </li></ul><ul><li>The Supreme Court of India is the highest court of the land as established by Part V, Chapter IV of the Constitution of India. </li></ul><ul><li>According to the Constitution of India, the role of the Supreme Court of India is that of a centralized court, protector of the Constitution and the highest court of appeal. </li></ul><ul><li>The Supreme Court has special advisory jurisdiction in matters, which may specifically be referred to it by the President of India under Article 143 of the Constitution. </li></ul>
  46. 50. <ul><li>High Courts of India </li></ul><ul><li>The High Courts are the </li></ul><ul><li>principal national courts of original jurisdiction in the state, and can try all offences including those punishable with death. The work of most High Courts consists of Appeals from lowers courts and summons or petitions in terms of Article 226 of the Constitution of India. </li></ul>
  47. 51. <ul><li>District Courts of India </li></ul><ul><li>The District Courts of India are controlled over by a judge. They govern justice in India at a district level. These courts are under governmental and judicial control of the High Court of the State . </li></ul>
  48. 52. PANCHAYATRAJ <ul><li>It was adopted by state governments during the 1950s and 60s laws were passed to establish Panchayats in various states. It also found backing in the Indian Constitution . </li></ul><ul><li>Panchayat at Village Level: </li></ul><ul><li>Panchayat consists of Gram Sabha, Gram Panchayat and Nyaya Panchayat. </li></ul>
  49. 53. <ul><li>Gram Sabha: </li></ul><ul><li>Gram Sabha elects the members of Gram Panchayat from its members. It elects Sarpanch and Deputy_Sarpanch of the village Panchayat. </li></ul>
  50. 54. <ul><li>Gram Panchayat: </li></ul><ul><li>. It is the executive organ of the Gram Sabha and an agency for planning and development at the village level. It caters to a population of 200ft Functions include civic administration, including and public health and social and economic development of village. </li></ul>
  51. 55. <ul><li>NyayaPanchayat: </li></ul><ul><li>It is the judicial organ of the Gram Sabha. There is one Nyaya Panchayat for a group of 5 Village Panchayats. The Nyaya Panchayat tries civil cases and minor criminal offences. </li></ul>
  52. 56. <ul><li>At the Block Level: </li></ul><ul><li>The block consists of about 100 villages and a population of about 59000 to, l29000 The Panchayat Samiti consists of all Sarpanchas (heads) of Village Panchayats in the Block. </li></ul><ul><li>The Block Development Officer is the Ex-officio Secretary of the Panchayat Samiti. </li></ul><ul><li>The prime function is the execution of the community development. </li></ul>
  53. 57. <ul><li>At the District Level. </li></ul><ul><li>Zila Parishad: </li></ul><ul><li>It is the agency of rural local self government at the district level. </li></ul><ul><li>The members of Zila Parishad include heads of the Panchayat Samitis in the district, MPS, MLAS of the district representatives of scheduled_castes, scheduled tribes and 2 persons of experience in a administration, public life or rural development. </li></ul>
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