Babu..frank legal 13.07.2011

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  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • Ethics deals with standards of conduct and moral judgment
    • The major principles of healthcare ethics
    • Beneficence,
    • Nonmaleficence
    • Autonomy
    • Justice.
  • 3.
    • Beneficence means promoting or doing good
    • Nonmaleficence means avoiding harm
    • Autonomy stands for independence and the ability to be self-directed
    • Justice requires that all clients be treated equally and fairly.
  • 4.
    • Nurses need to distinguish between their personal values and their professional ethics
    • ANA CODE OF ETHICS :
    • American Nurses Association Board of Directors and the Congress on Nursing Practice first initiated the Code of Ethics for Nurses in 1985 to delineate the code of responsibilities and conduct expected of nurses in their practice
  • 5.
    • The ANA approved eight provisions that address ethical practice issues such as
    • Compassion
    • Respect
    • Primary commitment to the patient
    • Patient advocacy
    • Responsibility
    • Accountability
    • Duties
    • Participation in the healthcare environment
  • 6.
    • Duty : Duty stands for a legal obligation owed by one person to another person. When nurses care for clients, they assume the duty to care for them in a competent and diligent manner.
    • Breach : A breach of duty takes place when there is failure to fulfill the duties established as being the responsibility of the nurse. In other words, nurses breach their duty when they do not meet the appropriate standard of care.
  • 7.
    • Causation: Causation means that the nurse's breach of duty, or failure to meet the appropriate standard of care, caused the client's injury or adverse outcome.
    • Damages : Damages are monetary payments designed to compensate the client for the injury or adverse outcome, and are intended to restore the plaintiff to the condition he or she was in prior to the injury.
  • 8. 1.Licensure 2.Nurse practitioner act 3.Credentialing: (Recognition of knowledge & skills exceeding basic practice, recognition by specialty organization)
  • 9. 1.Fraud /deception 2.Physical /mental impairment 3.Illegal conduct/incompetence/negligence 4.Drug/alcohol abuse 5.Abusive behavior 6. Conviction of criminal offence
  • 10.
    • Professional Organizations
    • Nsg Literatures
    • Agency, Policy, Procedures & Bylaws
    • Federal Admin Codes
    • JCAHO
    • Court Decisions
    • Experts Testimony
    • State Admin Regulations
  • 11.
    • Inadequate Assessment Of Patients
    • Medication Errors
    • Inadequate Training For Particular Assignment
    • Patient Falls
    • Faulty Equipments
    • Inadequate Communication
    • Failure To Follow Proper Policies / Procedures
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.