Chankele Village in Kigoma District Main street in Dar Es Salaam
DISPARITIES IN HEALTH Health statistics 2003 - Summary of key statistics Indicator of Health Rural Ave. Urban Ave. Access to health services 72% 99% Infant mortality rate 115/1000 45/1000 Access to safe water 56% 96% Access to adequate 62% 78% sanitation HIV and AIDS is one of Tanzania’s biggest health concern at present – estimated at 8% of population. A wall painting educating about HIV/AIDS.
HEALTH - Rural Dispensary at Chankele Village New dispensary built in 2003 in Bubungo Village (UNDP funding) Basic bed in Bubungo’s new village dispensary
Very basic first aid service:
One doctor - if lucky.
Nurse - little formal training.
Not all services are free.
Most use traditional medicines
HEALTH - Urban Aga Khan Hospital building in Dar Es Salaam Hospital sign shows available services Aids patient in urban hospital room
No phones in villages - some chiefs have mobile ph.
Village hut typical kitchen WHY? Cost to connect power to home is $300US ($300US is average yearly income in rural areas). Government has no income to invest in telephone lines and phone lines. Little maintenance on existing lines.
Housing materials longer lasting e.g. concrete/tiles.
More amenities - toilet inside.
Very western in style.
A middle class home in Dar suburbs - built by owner. An upper class area in Dar - Oyster Bay. Full security etc Govt. built housing in inner city. (NBC housing) Rent for 3 bedroom home is 60,000 Sh or $120NZ per month. This is cheap for urban area.
Rare to have the income that could support a child studying at this level.
3% obtain a university qualification.
Expensive – up to US$3000 per year to attend.
The main University in Dar Es Salaam . These universities are recognised internationally and the Govt. sponsors the brightest students to attend.
RURAL / URBAN EMPLOYMENT What jobs do you think will earn the larger, more reliable income? Why? Local fisherman drying his fish for market. Owner of a Stationary Shop in Dar Es Salaam. Brewery factory in Dar Es Salaam employs large numbers of workers. Coffee plantation – a common crop in rural areas.
Rural communities based about primary employment In Kigoma 91% work in agriculture.
Urban has more secondary and tertiary jobs In Dar Es Salaam 40% work in agriculture.
Types of paid employment common in Tanzania include : Rural Urban Farm labourer Sales person Mechanic Taxi Driver Secretary Accountant Rural people selling food and other products to travellers on trains.
In just an image can we see the difference between rural and Urban? just look for yourself… A group of children in Dar Es Salaam. A group of children in Chankele Village – Kigoma Region. What are the differences in these 2 photos – and therefore in these children's lives?