Middle East

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Middle East

  1. 1. Middle East By Justin Scott Ehrenpreis
  2. 2. Zionism <ul><li>The movement to establish Jewish Homeland </li></ul>
  3. 3. Intifada <ul><li>Riots brook out, became a steady protest called Intifada or uprising </li></ul>
  4. 4. PLO <ul><li>Palestinian Liberation Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Working towards Independent Palestinian state </li></ul>
  5. 5. OPEC <ul><li>Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries </li></ul>
  6. 6. Islamic Fundamentalism <ul><li>Strict observance of Islamic law </li></ul>
  7. 7. Terrorism <ul><li>Political use of violence of intimidation </li></ul>
  8. 8. David Ben Gurion <ul><li>1 st Prime Minister of Israel </li></ul>
  9. 9. Golda Meir <ul><li>3 rd Woman in the world to be National Prime Minister </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister during Yom Kippur War </li></ul><ul><li>A founder of Nation of Israel </li></ul>
  10. 10. Meacham Begin <ul><li>Prime Minister of Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to work peace </li></ul><ul><li>Invaded Antwerp </li></ul>
  11. 11. Answar Sadat <ul><li>President of Egypt, signed Camp David Accords to end war between Israel and Egypt </li></ul>
  12. 12. Nasser <ul><li>President of Egypt, encouraged industrialization </li></ul>
  13. 13. Yasir Arafat <ul><li>Leader of PLO 4 Decades </li></ul><ul><li>Considered a hero and nationalist by Palestinians </li></ul><ul><li>Seen as terrorist and obstacle of peace in Israel </li></ul>
  14. 14. Ariel Sharon <ul><li>A controversial military man who used questionable methods to reach goal </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister of Israel from 01-2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Accused provoking second intifada </li></ul>
  15. 15. Theodor Herzel <ul><li>His idea of Zionism </li></ul><ul><li>He thought Anti-Semitism was a good thing </li></ul>
  16. 16. Saddam Hussein <ul><li>Seized a disputed boarder region from Iran </li></ul><ul><li>US side </li></ul><ul><li>In Islamic Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Later hilled many US soldiers </li></ul>
  17. 17. Ayatolah Khumeini <ul><li>Religious leader who became head of Iranian government </li></ul><ul><li>Islamic Republic based upon Quran and Shari (Islamic Law) </li></ul><ul><li>He condemned Western Influence </li></ul>
  18. 18. Shah Reza Pahlevi <ul><li>Iranian Army officer who rose through army ranks to become Shah of Iran and began the regeneration of his country </li></ul>
  19. 19. Osama Bin Laden <ul><li>World Terrorist </li></ul><ul><li>Leader of terrorist group Al-Qaeda </li></ul>
  20. 20. Mubarak <ul><li>President of Egypt since assassination of Anwar Sadat </li></ul><ul><li>Maintained treaty with Israel </li></ul><ul><li>A state of emergency has been place since 1981 </li></ul>
  21. 21. Barak <ul><li>10 th Prime Minister of Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Served in Israeli government in many positions before Prime Minister made attempt of peace with Saudi Arabia and US initiatives </li></ul>
  22. 22. What is Zionism? <ul><li>The movement to establish homeland </li></ul>
  23. 23. Why are the Israelites and Palestinians at odds with one another? <ul><li>Israelites took Palestinians homeland </li></ul><ul><li>Palestinians want it back </li></ul><ul><li>Was given in WW2 due to the Jewish Devastation (Holocaust) </li></ul>
  24. 24. What steps have been taken to solve 60 years of odds with Arab- Israeli conflict?? <ul><li>The return of peninsula back to Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Arab Government accepted need to negotiate with Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Golan Heights (peace agreement with Jordan and Israel) </li></ul><ul><li>Arafat and Israel Prime Minister signed Oslo Accord </li></ul><ul><li>Current- Israel giving back land to Arabs </li></ul>

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