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Enlightenment And  French  Revolution
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Enlightenment And French Revolution


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  • 1. Enlightenment and French Revolution By Justin Scott Ehrenpreis
  • 2. Enlightenment
  • 3. Descartes Father of Mathematics Founded analytics geometry “I think, there fore I am”
  • 4. Montesquieu Developed separation of powers Divided the French society Classes, monarchy, aristocracy and administrative The administrative powers were the legislative and the judiciary Influenced the founding fathers
  • 5. Wollstone Craft She was a British writer, philosopher, and feminist Most important book was “A Vindication of the rights of woman”
  • 6. Mozart Composed over 625 pieces He is remembered foe his operas as “The Magic Flute” or his secular concertos and sonatas
  • 7. Bach German-born composer His music different from music that had been heard before Sacred and secular works for choir, solo instruments, and orchestra. Drew together the stands of the Baroque period and brought it to its ultimate maturity
  • 8. Rousseau Influenced French Revolution Wrote “The social contract”, which was the most influential work of political philosophy He felt man was neither good nor bad
  • 9. Voltaire Attacked the French government and Catholic Church He felt government redistributed wealth from one class to another He was considered the leader of the Enlightenment
  • 10. Reason Rational thought, inference, discrimination
  • 11. Locke • English Puritan • Human nature was reasonable and tolerant • People were selfish but had the right to “life, liberty, and possessions” • The state owed its people and it overstepped its power, the citizens had the right and moral duty to revolt and replace
  • 12. Enlightenment A time of light “ilumination”
  • 13. philosophy The search for wisdom
  • 14. feminism The view that woman are equal to men
  • 15. Social contract People give rights to government to receive social order
  • 16. liberalism Individual rights and equal of oppoertunity
  • 17. Natural Rights Rights, freedoms, privileges
  • 18. censorship A group power to control freedom of speech and expression
  • 19. Baroque A period of music in the 1600’s to mid 1700’s
  • 20. Constitutional Government A government with a set of agreed constraints
  • 21. salon 17th century idea that amused one another and increase knowledge in readings and conversations
  • 22. French Revolution
  • 23. Josephine First wife of Napoleon
  • 24. Napoleon Became the first consol of republic Emperor of France with absolute power Expanded French borders Built roads, canals Started public education (schools for all)
  • 25. Louis XV Wasn’t able to solve economic problem
  • 26. Louis XVl Weak ruler Incapable of make decisions to reform the country
  • 27. Jacobins Supported debate and encouraged radical change They supported enemies of Revolutionary government to be executed
  • 28. Robespierre Important member of the committee for public safety Was cold hearted and ruthless
  • 29. Marie Antoinette The queen of Franie Married to Louis XVl People hated her for being wasteful Claimed to said “ let them eat cake” when people had no bread
  • 30. Colbert Louis XVl finance minister His policies helped make France the wealthiest state in Europe
  • 31. Plebiscite Vote by qualified voter on public questions
  • 32. Napoleon Code • Laws reforms effected gave equal to all before the law • All people equal by the law
  • 33. Bastille day On July 14, 1789, more than 800 Parisians stormed Bastille, freed the Prisoners This was the start of the French Revolution
  • 34. Bastille A large prison in Paris
  • 35. Reign of Terror Revolutionary court designed by Rodes Pierre 40,000 people died
  • 36. National Assembly Estate General Votes got counted Making a new constitution
  • 37. 1st Estate High Clergy 10% population 0% taxed
  • 38. 2nd Estate Nobles 20% population 0% taxed
  • 39. 3rd Estate Bourgeoisie Doctors, lawyers, professionals, peasents, city workers 70% population 100% taxed
  • 40. Philosophe A group of Enlightenment thinkers Apply the methods of science to improve society
  • 41. Estates General Parliament Made up of all three estates
  • 42. Legislative Assembly “First Republic”
  • 43. Guilds Artisans Did jobs
  • 44. Cause of French Revolution • Enlightened Ideas • Glorious Revolution • American Revolution • English Civil War
  • 45. Constitution Social Contract
  • 46. Waterloo Battle lost by Napolean
  • 47. Tennis Court Oath Third estate met at indoor tennis court to “never separate and to meet whenever required until we have constitution”
  • 48. Guillotine An alternative method of death Was popular Was fairly painless
  • 49. Bourgeoisie A group of wealthy bankers and poor peasants
  • 50. cahiers Outlined there problems of each estate