Chemistry Of Life

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  • carbo

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  • 1. Living Environment Transport and life in a cell By- Justin Ehrenpreis
  • 2.
    • Active Transport-
    • *Lower to higher concentration
    • * Makes energy
    • Passive Transport-
    • *Higher to Lower concentration
    • * Diffusion
    • * No energy required
  • 3.
    • Diffusion of water through a membrane is….
    • osmosis
  • 4.
    • Organic Compounds-
    • *contain Hydrogen and Carbon
    • * 4 major compounds are…
    • 1- Carbohydrates
    • 2- Lipids (fats)
    • 3- Proteins
    • 4- Nucleic Acids
    • Inorganic Compounds-
    • Lack Carbon and Hydrogen combination
    • Examples-
    • 1- Water
    • 2- Salts
  • 5.
    • C arb oh ydrates -
    • * main source of energy for all cell activities
    • Made of C arbon, H ydrogen, and O xygen
    • CH2
    • Includes Starches and sugars
    • Three types of Carbohydrates-
    • 1- Monosaccharide
    • 2- Disaccharide
    • 3- Polysaccharide
  • 6.
    • The basic unit of building blocks are….
    • Monosaccharide
  • 7.
    • Monosaccharide
    • Simple sugar
    • Example-
    • Glucose
  • 8.
    • Disaccharide-
    • Double sugar
    • Dehydration Synthesis-
    • Process where 2 compounds combine and water removed from it
  • 9.
    • Polysaccharides
    • Many compounds
  • 10.
    • Lipids-
    • Store energy in living things
    • Contain C arbon, H ydrogen, and O xygen
    • greater than 2:1
    • *Examples- *Fatty acids and glycerol
    • Fats + oils = Lipids
  • 11. Pinocytosis
    • -cell drinking
    -dissolves molecules
  • 12. Phagocytosis
    • cell eating
    • Like Pac man
  • 13. Proteins
    • Carbon, Hydrogen ,Oxygen and Nitrogen
    • Amino Acids -
    • Building blocks of proteins
    • 2 amino acids =
    • Dipeptide + Water
  • 14. Nucleic Acids
    • Composed of…
    • nucleotide chains
    • That has…
    • genetic information.
    • Nucleic acids are found in…
    • Living cells and viruses
  • 15. Summary
    • Carbohydrates
    • Ch2
    • Monosaccharides
    • Lipids
    • 1 Glycerol + 3 Fatty Acids
    • Proteins
    • Symbol is N
    • Amino Acids
    • R represents…
    • Any group
  • 16. What do compounds look like?
    • Has 6 sides
    • Looks like a Hexagon
    • Some times without any lines
  • 17. Review By Justin Ehrenpreis
  • 18. ___________saccharides…
    • Mono is…
    • One
    • Di is…
    • Two
    • Poly is…
    • many
  • 19. What saccharide is this…
  • 20. Answer is….
    • Monosacchride
  • 21. What saccharide is this….
  • 22. Answer is…
    • Polysaccharide
  • 23. What saccharide is this…
  • 24. Answer is…
    • Disaccharide
  • 25. What is the basic unit of building blocks?
    • Monosaccharide
  • 26. What takes care of cell eating ?
  • 27. Answer is…
    • Phagocytosis
  • 28. What takes care of cell drinking and dissolves molecules ?
    • Pinocytosis
  • 29. 4 major compounds are…
  • 30.
    • 1- Carbohydrates
    • 2- Lipids (fats)
    • 3- Proteins
    • 4- Nucleic Acids