CHAPTER 5.2
P EO PLE // TE R M S ID ENT IF Y
        J U S T I N
         J O N E S
The Square Deal was     SQUARE DEAL.
President Theodore
Roosevelt's domestic
program formed upon
three basic ideas:
conser...
NORTHERN SECURITIES.
The Northern Securities Company
was an important United States
railroad trust formed in 1902 by E. H....
UNITED MINE WORKErS.
           The United Mine Workers of
           America (UMW or UMWA) is
           a North American...
HEPBURN ACT.
The Hepburn Act is a 1906
United States federal law that
gave the Interstate Commerce
Commission (ICC) the po...
UPTON SINCLAIR.
      Upton Beall Sinclair, Jr. (September 20, 1878 –
      November 25, 1968), was a Pulitzer Prize-
    ...
WORKS CITED.
"Hepburn Act." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia.
Web. 07 Jan. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Hepburn_Ac...
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5.2 People/Terms

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5.2 People/Terms

  1. 1. CHAPTER 5.2 P EO PLE // TE R M S ID ENT IF Y J U S T I N J O N E S
  2. 2. The Square Deal was SQUARE DEAL. President Theodore Roosevelt's domestic program formed upon three basic ideas: conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection. Thus, it aimed at helping middle class citizens and involved attacking the plutocracy and bad trusts while at the same time protecting business from the extreme demands of organized labor.
  3. 3. NORTHERN SECURITIES. The Northern Securities Company was an important United States railroad trust formed in 1902 by E. H. Harriman, James J. Hill, J.P. Morgan, J. D. Rockefeller, and their associates. The company controlled the Northern Pacific Railway, Great Northern Railway, Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad, and other associated lines. The company was sued in 1902 under the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 by President Theodore Roosevelt; one of the first anti-trust cases filed against corporate interests instead of labor.
  4. 4. UNITED MINE WORKErS. The United Mine Workers of America (UMW or UMWA) is a North American labor union best known for representing coal miners and coal technicians. Today, the Union also represents health care workers, truck drivers, manufacturing workers and public employees in the United States and Canada. Although its main focus has always been on workers and their rights, the UMW of today also advocates for better roads, schools, and universal health care.
  5. 5. HEPBURN ACT. The Hepburn Act is a 1906 United States federal law that gave the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) the power to set maximum railroad rates. This led to the discontinuation of free passes to loyal shippers. In addition, the ICC could view the railroads' financial records, a task simplified by standardized bookkeeping systems. For any railroad that resisted, the ICC's conditions would remain in effect until the outcome of legislation said otherwise. By the Hepburn Act, the ICC's authority was extended to cover bridges, terminals, ferries, railroad sleeping cars, express companies and oil pipelines.
  6. 6. UPTON SINCLAIR. Upton Beall Sinclair, Jr. (September 20, 1878 – November 25, 1968), was a Pulitzer Prize- winning American author who wrote over 90 books in many genres. He achieved popularity in the first half of the 20th century, acquiring particular fame for his 1906 muckraking novel The Jungle. It exposed conditions in the U.S. meat packing industry, causing a public uproar that contributed in part to the passage a few months later of the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act. Time magazine called him "a man with every gift except humor and silence."
  7. 7. WORKS CITED. "Hepburn Act." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 07 Jan. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Hepburn_Act>. "Northern Securities Company." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 07 Jan. 2011. <http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Northern_Securities_Company>. "Square Deal." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 07 Jan. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Square_Deal>. "United Mine Workers." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 07 Jan. 2011. <http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Mine_Workers>. "Upton Sinclair." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 07 Jan. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Upton_Sinclair>.

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