The What, Why & How of Diabetes in Women
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The What, Why & How of Diabetes in Women

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We have become so busy with our lives, that we have started ignoring life itself. Stress, tension and diseases seem to be the order of the day. What we need to do is wake up; wake up from the slumber; ...

We have become so busy with our lives, that we have started ignoring life itself. Stress, tension and diseases seem to be the order of the day. What we need to do is wake up; wake up from the slumber; wake up from the unawareness; wake up to a healthy lifestyle; wake up to a better life. Just For Hearts is here to change the way we take care of ourselves. With a team of eminent doctors, medical experts, dieticians and yoga teachers, they are committed to creating a healthy you by bringing wellness to your doorstep.

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The What, Why & How of Diabetes in Women Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Prachi Bhagwat psbrahme@yahoo.co.inwww.justforhearts.org
  • 2. In our body, pancreas produces the hormoneinsulin.In Diabetes, the pancreas is affected such that iteither cannot produce enough insulin, cannot useinsulin correctly or both.When insulin does not function properly, glucosecannot enter the cells.Glucose levels in the blood increase and the cellslack the energy they need to function. www.justforhearts.org
  • 3. www.justforhearts.org
  • 4. Normal Case – Pancreas produces insulinwhich helps Glucose enter the cells andgets converted into energy.Type 1 Diabetes - body’s defence systemattacks the insulin-producing cells.Type 2 Diabetes – Characterized by insulinresistance and relative insulin deficiency. www.justforhearts.org
  • 5. Women with diabetes are more likely to have aheart attack and have it at a younger age.Some women get diabetes when they arepregnant.Women who have diabetes are more likely to havea miscarriage or a baby with birth defects.For poor women, it is very hard to manageDiabetes.Most people with diabetes die from heart attackor stroke. www.justforhearts.org
  • 6. The prime cause of diabetes in women isobesity. Some warning signs are: Excessive thirst Frequent urination Tiredness Recurrent yeast infection Weight loss Dry skin www.justforhearts.org
  • 7. www.justforhearts.org
  • 8.  ObesitySedentary LifestyleUnhealthy Eating HabitsFamily History and GeneticsIncreased AgeHigh Blood Pressure and High CholesterolHistory of Gestational Diabetes – Affects 4%pregnant Women. www.justforhearts.org
  • 9. Diabetes can develop during pregnancy in womenwho haven’t previously had the condition. This iscalled gestational diabetes.It can occur at any stage of pregnancy; morecommonly in 2nd Half. It occurs when your body can’t produce enoughextra insulin to meet the demands of pregnancy.It goes away after a woman gives birth to a child. www.justforhearts.org
  • 10. www.justforhearts.org
  • 11. Common Symptoms are frequent URINATION,increased thirst, and increased hunger.However these are common during pregnancyhence are difficult to distinguish from Diabetes.Usually urine tests reveal high blood glucoselevels.Elevated blood glucose is found after 3-4drawings of blood during pregnancy confirmsGestational Diabetes. www.justforhearts.org
  • 12. Macrosomia (very large baby) occurs when themothers blood sugar level is high throughoutpregnancy. Preeclampsia is high blood pressure and proteinin the urine during pregnancy. It may require thebaby to be delivered early. Severe preeclampsiacan lead to seizures or kidney or liver problems. Hydramnios occurs when there is toomuch amniotic fluid in the sac that surrounds thebaby. www.justforhearts.org
  • 13. Urinary tract infections can occur withoutsymptoms. If the infection is not treated, it mayspread from the bladder to the kidneys. Respiratory distress syndrome can make it harderfor the baby to breathe after birth. Stillbirth - Delivery of a baby that has diedbefore birth occurs more often in babies of womenwhose diabetes was not well controlled before andduring pregnancy. www.justforhearts.org
  • 14. If you are a women already having Diabetes,you must learn following to prevent futureproblems. Plan the pregnancy. See your doctor. Eat healthy foods from a meal plan madefor you as a person with diabetes. www.justforhearts.org
  • 15.  Exercise regularly. Monitor blood sugar often. Take prescribed medications on time. Control and treat low blood sugar quickly. Follow-up with the doctor regularly. www.justforhearts.org
  • 16.  It can be managed through good nutritionalEATING HABITS and daily exercise.If lifestyle measures do not maintain stable bloodglucose levels, women may need insulin injectionsfor remainder of pregnancy.Some women develop high risk of conventionalDiabetes once pregnancy is over. www.justforhearts.org
  • 17.  Gestational diabetes usually goes away afterpregnancy.But once youve had gestational diabetes, yourchances are 2 in 3 that it will return in futurepregnancies. Some women develop high risk ofconventional Diabetes once pregnancy is over.Many women who have gestational diabetes go onto develop type 2 diabetes years later. www.justforhearts.org
  • 18. Certain Preventive measures preventDiabetes after Gestational Diabetes: Losing weight . Making healthy food choices. Exercising. Proper and Balanced diet. www.justforhearts.org
  • 19. Problems in Newborn: Low glucose levels Low blood calcium and magnesium levels An excess of red blood cells Neonatal jaundice (yellow discoloration of the skin) Breathing problems.All the above problems are not serious and are easilytreated. Women with Diabetes can also breastfeedtheir babies. www.justforhearts.org
  • 20. Menopause is caused by the natural loss of ovarianfunction, which in turn leads to a decrease inestrogens production and the cessation of monthlymenstruation.Menopause typically (but not always) occurs inwomen in midlife, during their late 40s or early 50s,and signals the end of the fertile phase of awomans life.Women who smoke cigarettes experiencemenopause significantly earlier than non-smokers. www.justforhearts.org
  • 21. Theres plenty you can do to better managediabetes and menopause.Make healthy lifestyle choices.Measure your blood sugar frequently.Ask your doctor about adjusting your diabetesmedications.Ask your doctor about cholesterol-loweringmedication. Seek help for menopausal symptoms. www.justforhearts.org
  • 22. Website: www.justforhearts.orgEmail: ravindra@justforhearts.org , drravindrakulkarni@gmail.comDirect: +91 20 27610671 , +91 20 67306537Mobile: +91 94223 00251Blog: justforhearts.wordpress.comTwitter: twitter.com/justforheartsFacebook: facebook.com/justforheartsLinked In: linkedin.com/pub/dr-ravindralkulkarni/15/258/4ab www.justforhearts.org
  • 23. www.justforhearts.org