The rise of the extremist parties
Fragility of  parliamentary system Economic crisis Appeal of Nazi party  / propaganda / Hitler
No solution for  economic crisis Aggravation of  economic crisis Fragility of  political system Further political  radical...
KPD <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul>
KPD <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul>
Ernst Thälmann
KPD <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul><ul><li>L...
„ Bloody May“ 1929
KPD <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul><ul><li>L...
KPD <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul><ul><li>L...
KPD  NSDAP <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul><u...
KPD  NSDAP <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul><u...
Sturmabteilung
KPD  NSDAP <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul><u...
KPD  NSDAP <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul><u...
KPD  NSDAP  <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul><...
Public transport strike in Berlin, November 1932
<ul><li>Right to work </li></ul><ul><li>Abolition of child labour </li></ul><ul><li>Old-age-pension-system </li></ul><ul><...
 
 
Nazi economic programme <ul><li>State socialism: </li></ul><ul><li>Economy serves the people, not the individual </li></ul...
Nazi economic programme <ul><li>State socialism: </li></ul><ul><li>Economy serves the people, not the individual </li></ul...
Nazi economic programme <ul><li>State socialism: </li></ul><ul><li>Economy serves the people, not the individual </li></ul...
Workers attracted by the Nazis <ul><li>Nationalistic workers </li></ul>
Workers attracted by the Nazis <ul><li>Nationalistic workers </li></ul><ul><li>Workers of the domestic / stagnant sector <...
Workers attracted by the Nazis <ul><li>Nationalistic workers </li></ul><ul><li>Workers of the domestic / stagnant sector <...
Workers attracted by the Nazis <ul><li>Nationalistic workers </li></ul><ul><li>Workers of the domestic / stagnant sector <...
 
Persecution of the KPD <ul><li>2. Feb 1933: assembly ban on KPD </li></ul>
Persecution of the KPD <ul><li>2. Feb 1933: assembly ban on KPD </li></ul><ul><li>17. Feb. 1933: firearms can be used </li...
Persecution of the KPD <ul><li>2. Feb 1933: assembly ban on KPD </li></ul><ul><li>17. Feb. 1933: firearms can be used </li...
Persecution of the KPD <ul><li>2. Feb 1933: assembly ban on KPD </li></ul><ul><li>17. Feb. 1933: firearms can be used </li...
Persecution of the KPD <ul><li>2. Feb 1933: assembly ban on KPD </li></ul><ul><li>17. Feb. 1933: firearms can be used </li...
Persecution of the KPD <ul><li>2. Feb 1933: assembly ban on KPD </li></ul><ul><li>17. Feb. 1933: firearms can be used </li...
Persecution of the SPD <ul><li>8. Mar 1933: occupation of trade union buildings, arrest of functionaries </li></ul>
Persecution of the SPD <ul><li>8. Mar 1933: occupation of trade union buildings, arrest of functionaries </li></ul><ul><li...
Persecution of the SPD <ul><li>8. Mar 1933: occupation of trade union buildings, arrest of functionaries </li></ul><ul><li...
Persecution of the SPD <ul><li>8. Mar 1933: occupation of trade union buildings, arrest of functionaries </li></ul><ul><li...
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Geschiedenis germany - the rise of the extremist parties

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Geschiedenis germany - the rise of the extremist parties

  1. 1. The rise of the extremist parties
  2. 2. Fragility of parliamentary system Economic crisis Appeal of Nazi party / propaganda / Hitler
  3. 3. No solution for economic crisis Aggravation of economic crisis Fragility of political system Further political radicalisation
  4. 4. KPD <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul>
  5. 5. KPD <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ernst Thälmann
  7. 7. KPD <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul><ul><li>Loyal to Moscow and Comintern </li></ul>
  8. 8. „ Bloody May“ 1929
  9. 9. KPD <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul><ul><li>Loyal to Moscow and Comintern </li></ul><ul><li>Perceives SPD as „social fascists“ – split in 1929 </li></ul>
  10. 10. KPD <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul><ul><li>Loyal to Moscow and Comintern </li></ul><ul><li>Perceives SPD as „social fascists“ – split in 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Members: </li></ul><ul><li>1930: 130,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1932: 300,000 </li></ul>
  11. 11. KPD NSDAP <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul><ul><li>Loyal to Moscow and Comintern </li></ul><ul><li>Perceives SPD as „social fascists“ – split in 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Members: </li></ul><ul><li>1930: 130,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1932: 300,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul>
  12. 12. KPD NSDAP <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul><ul><li>Loyal to Moscow and Comintern </li></ul><ul><li>Perceives SPD as „social fascists“ – split in 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Members: </li></ul><ul><li>1930: 130,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1932: 300,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Sturmabteilung (SA) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Sturmabteilung
  14. 14. KPD NSDAP <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul><ul><li>Loyal to Moscow and Comintern </li></ul><ul><li>Perceives SPD as „social fascists“ – split in 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Members: </li></ul><ul><li>1930: 130,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1932: 300,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Sturmabteilung (SA) </li></ul><ul><li>Start-up in 1925, </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Hitler </li></ul>
  15. 15. KPD NSDAP <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul><ul><li>Loyal to Moscow and Comintern </li></ul><ul><li>Perceives SPD as „social fascists“ – split in 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Members: </li></ul><ul><li>1930: 130,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1932: 300,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Sturmabteilung (SA) </li></ul><ul><li>Start-up in 1925, </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Hitler </li></ul><ul><li>Seeks power by legal means </li></ul>
  16. 16. KPD NSDAP <ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Roter Frontkämpferbund </li></ul><ul><li>Loyal to Moscow and the Comintern </li></ul><ul><li>Perceives SPD as „social fascists“ – split in 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Members: </li></ul><ul><li>1930: 130,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1932: 300,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Little support 1924-28 </li></ul><ul><li>Paramilitary organisation: Sturmabteilung (SA) </li></ul><ul><li>Start-up in 1925, </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on Hitler </li></ul><ul><li>Seeks power by legal means </li></ul><ul><li>Members: </li></ul><ul><li>1930: 130,000 </li></ul><ul><li>1932: 450,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Jan. 1933: 720,000 </li></ul>
  17. 17. Public transport strike in Berlin, November 1932
  18. 18. <ul><li>Right to work </li></ul><ul><li>Abolition of child labour </li></ul><ul><li>Old-age-pension-system </li></ul><ul><li>Confiscation of war profits </li></ul>
  19. 21. Nazi economic programme <ul><li>State socialism: </li></ul><ul><li>Economy serves the people, not the individual </li></ul><ul><li>State oversees direction of economy </li></ul>
  20. 22. Nazi economic programme <ul><li>State socialism: </li></ul><ul><li>Economy serves the people, not the individual </li></ul><ul><li>State oversees direction of economy </li></ul><ul><li>Autarkic economic development: </li></ul><ul><li>Self-sufficiency through Lebensraum in Central Europe </li></ul>
  21. 23. Nazi economic programme <ul><li>State socialism: </li></ul><ul><li>Economy serves the people, not the individual </li></ul><ul><li>State oversees direction of economy </li></ul><ul><li>Autarkic economic development: </li></ul><ul><li>Self-sufficiency through Lebensraum in Central Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Direct state intervention in monetary matters: </li></ul><ul><li>Public investment </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap money policy </li></ul><ul><li>Investing in capital goods </li></ul>
  22. 24. Workers attracted by the Nazis <ul><li>Nationalistic workers </li></ul>
  23. 25. Workers attracted by the Nazis <ul><li>Nationalistic workers </li></ul><ul><li>Workers of the domestic / stagnant sector </li></ul>
  24. 26. Workers attracted by the Nazis <ul><li>Nationalistic workers </li></ul><ul><li>Workers of the domestic / stagnant sector </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployed workers </li></ul>
  25. 27. Workers attracted by the Nazis <ul><li>Nationalistic workers </li></ul><ul><li>Workers of the domestic / stagnant sector </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployed workers </li></ul><ul><li>Workers with the desire for social mobility </li></ul>
  26. 29. Persecution of the KPD <ul><li>2. Feb 1933: assembly ban on KPD </li></ul>
  27. 30. Persecution of the KPD <ul><li>2. Feb 1933: assembly ban on KPD </li></ul><ul><li>17. Feb. 1933: firearms can be used </li></ul>
  28. 31. Persecution of the KPD <ul><li>2. Feb 1933: assembly ban on KPD </li></ul><ul><li>17. Feb. 1933: firearms can be used </li></ul><ul><li>24. Feb 1933: headquarters of KPD closed </li></ul>
  29. 32. Persecution of the KPD <ul><li>2. Feb 1933: assembly ban on KPD </li></ul><ul><li>17. Feb. 1933: firearms can be used </li></ul><ul><li>24. Feb 1933: headquarters of KPD closed </li></ul><ul><li>28.Feb. 1933: burning of the Reichstag blamed on KPD – Emergency Decree </li></ul>
  30. 33. Persecution of the KPD <ul><li>2. Feb 1933: assembly ban on KPD </li></ul><ul><li>17. Feb. 1933: firearms can be used </li></ul><ul><li>24. Feb 1933: headquarters of KPD closed </li></ul><ul><li>28.Feb. 1933: burning of the Reichstag blamed on KPD – Emergency Decree </li></ul><ul><li>7. April 1933: Law for the Restoration of the Civil Service </li></ul>
  31. 34. Persecution of the KPD <ul><li>2. Feb 1933: assembly ban on KPD </li></ul><ul><li>17. Feb. 1933: firearms can be used </li></ul><ul><li>24. Feb 1933: headquarters of KPD closed </li></ul><ul><li>28.Feb. 1933: burning of the Reichstag blamed on KPD – Emergency Decree </li></ul><ul><li>7. April 1933: Law for the Restoration of the Civil Service </li></ul><ul><li>1. May 1933: „Marxism is dead“ </li></ul>
  32. 35. Persecution of the SPD <ul><li>8. Mar 1933: occupation of trade union buildings, arrest of functionaries </li></ul>
  33. 36. Persecution of the SPD <ul><li>8. Mar 1933: occupation of trade union buildings, arrest of functionaries </li></ul><ul><li>10. Mar 1933: arrest of SPD politicians (leaders, deputies, mayors) </li></ul>
  34. 37. Persecution of the SPD <ul><li>8. Mar 1933: occupation of trade union buildings, arrest of functionaries </li></ul><ul><li>10. Mar 1933: arrest of SPD politicians (leaders, deputies, mayors) </li></ul><ul><li>11.Mar 1933: occupation of Reichsbanner headquarters, arrest of trade union leaders </li></ul>
  35. 38. Persecution of the SPD <ul><li>8. Mar 1933: occupation of trade union buildings, arrest of functionaries </li></ul><ul><li>10. Mar 1933: arrest of SPD politicians (leaders, deputies, mayors) </li></ul><ul><li>11.Mar 1933: occupation of Reichsbanner headquarters, arrest of trade union leaders </li></ul><ul><li>22. Jun 1933: SPD enemy of the state, all remaining socialists arrested </li></ul>

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