2013 The Way Forward for Smart Grid in Vietnam, Nguyen Vu Quang (EN)
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2013 The Way Forward for Smart Grid in Vietnam, Nguyen Vu Quang (EN)

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2013 The Way Forward for Smart Grid in Vietnam, Nguyen Vu Quang (EN) Presentation Transcript

  • 1. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM SOUTHEAST ASIA THE WAY FORWARD FOR SMART GRID IN VIETNAM Presented by: ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam (ERAV) Ministry of Industry and Trade Frankfurt am Authority of Vietnam Electricity RegulatoryMain, 14/11/2013 ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 1
  • 2. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam Content 1. Vietnam Power System Overview 2. 3. Smart grid development Roadmap 4. Barriers and keyplayers of Smart Grid 5. 2 Overview of Vietnam’s Smart Grid On-going projects
  • 3. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam Content 1. Vietnam Power System Overview 2. 3. Smart grid development Roadmap 4. Barriers and keyplayers of Smart Grid 5. 3 Overview of Vietnam’s Smart Grid On-going projects
  • 4. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 1. Vietnam Power system Overview (1) MW Peak Load (1996-2012) 20000 18000 16000 14000 National 12000 10000 North Central South 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Year • Average electricity consumption growth rate 2006-2012: 12.2% • Electricity Consumption in 2012: 105.4 Billion kWh 4
  • 5. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 1. Vietnam Power system Overview (2) • Generation (2012) Gas thermal 0.07% Other 0.35% Gas turbine 34.24% Oil fired thermal 0.04% Import from China 2.23% Hydro 43.90% Coal fired thermal 18.89% Total (Million kWh) 120,257 Hydro 52,795 Coal fired thermal 22,716 Oil fired thermal 43 Gas turbine 41,170 Gas thermal 80 Import from China 5 Other 2,676 423
  • 6. ERAV 1. Vietnam Power system Overview (3) Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam • Generation Installed Capacity (June 2013) Gas thermal 1.71% Gas turbine 27.28% Diesel & Other Small hydro 0.51% 3.66% Hydro 46.29% Oil fired thermal 2.01% Coal fired thermal 18.78% Total (MW) Hydro Coal fired thermal Oil fired thermal 27,323 12,647 5,130 550 Gas turbine 7,455 Gas thermal 468 Diesel & Small hydro 6 1,000 Other 139.5
  • 7. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 1. Vietnam Power system Overview (4) • Generation Installed Capacity By Owner (June 2013) Other IPP 19.63% Vinacomin 5.43% BOT 5.42% EVN 64.11% PVN 10.83% Total (MW) 27,323 EVN PVN 2,958 Vinacomin 1485 BOT 1480 Other IPP 7 17,516 3884
  • 8. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 1. Vietnam Power system Overview (5) • Transmission Network Import from China Transmission Voltage Level: 500kV, 220kV, 110kV - 500kV: Spine line, 3 region link - 220kV: Transmission line in each region, 2 region link - 110kV: Connected to 220kV Substations or power plans. 8 Export to Cambodia
  • 9. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 1. Vietnam Power system Overview (6) • Transmission Network and peak load of Power Companies (PCs) in 2012 500, 220kV transmission line EVN NPC 8905 MW EVN HNPC 2218 MW 9 Import From China 1000 MW EVN CPC 2050 MW EVN SPC 9587 MW EVN HCMPC 3625 MW Export To Cambodia 175MW
  • 10. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 1. Vietnam Power system Overview (7) • Network overview in 2012 U« n g B Ý P í cLong h- RURAL ELECTRIFICATION 6KV(2,9%) 10KV(14%) 15KV(12.1%) 22KV(44,6%) 35KV(26,2%) 220V 10 District TG: 3589 MVA 218.424 km 32.715 MVA 100% 100% Village 159,627 km Province 98.8% Rural HHs 96.5%
  • 11. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 1. Vietnam Power system Overview (8) Master Plan period of 2011- 2030 (1) 1. Load Forecast 11
  • 12. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 1. Vietnam Power system Overview (8) Master Plan period of 2011- 2030 (2) 2. Volume of Transmission Network to be constructed Category Unit 2011-2015 2016-2020 2020-2025 2026-2030 500kV Substation MVA 17,100 26,750 24,400 20,400 220kV Substation MVA 35,863 39,063 42,775 53,250 500kV Transmission Line km 3,833 4,539 2,234 2,724 220kV Transmission Line km 10,637 5,305 5,552 5,020 3. Total Generation Installed Capacity 2013 (as of June) 2,020 2,030 12,647 17,325 17,325 0 1,800 5,725 Coal/Oil Fired Thermal 6,148 36,000 75,750 Gas Turbine 7,455 12,375 17,325 RE and Other 1,139 4,200 13,800 0 1,000 9,700 Import 1,000 2,300 7,175 Total 28,389 75,000 146,800 Category Hydro Pump Storage Nuclear 12
  • 13. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 1. Vietnam Power system Overview (8) Master Plan period of 2011- 2030 (3) 2. Investment Required 13 20262030 20112030 22.076 28.830 27.005 32.441 110.352 5.766 5.401 6.482 5.518 7.245 10.523 12.345 15.868 45.981 2.105 2.469 3.174 2.299 29.321 39.353 39.349 48.280 156.303 5.864 III- Total Capital/annual average (Bill.USD) (III=I+II) 20212025 1.449 II- Network: Total Capital/annual average (Bill.USD) 20162020 4.415 Period I- Generation: Total Capital/annual average (Bill.USD) 20112015 7.871 7.870 9.656 7.815
  • 14. 1. Vietnam Power system Overview (8) ERAV Master Plan period of 2011- 2030 (4) Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 3. Requirement for Modernization of Power System :     Modernization of dispatching of power system Modernization of communication of power system Modernization of control and automation of power system Modernization of Demand Management; Demand-Side Response (DSR) program implementation 4. Requirement for Information Technology of Power System:    14 Information technology required for power system operation Information technology required for power market operation Information system for system and market operation
  • 15. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam Content 1. Vietnam Power System Overview 2. 3. Smart grid development Roadmap 4. Barriers and keyplayers of Smart Grid 5. 15 Overview of Vietnam’s Smart Grid On-going projects
  • 16. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 2. Overview of Vietnam’s Smart Grid The needs of Smart Grid: Investment stressed Import energy Increasing of electricity quality and reliability Social views of electricity pricing policy Vietnamsese power market Reduce of GHG 16
  • 17. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 2. Overview of Vietnam’s Smart Grid (1)  Applications applied by National Load Dispatch Center, National Transmission Company and Distribution Companies: o SCADA/EMS/DMS at NLDC, PCs, and grid automation; o TOU – Time Of Usage; o AMR and load research; o Billing and; o Customer Service Center.  Applications are intend to apply: o Outage management; o Unmaned substation; o Upgrading of information and metering data transmission system; o Wide - area grid monitoring; 17 o Using all functions of EMS, DMS.
  • 18. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 2. Overview of Vietnam’s Smart Grid (2) • Accessment on existing situation: o The grid in general is not modern, not synchronization, low automation level. o Information and Communication Infrastructure is not complete (SCADA/EMS is work now, but some substation lack of Remote Terminal Unit, tele-reading meter install with unstable data link…) o Lack of infrastructure and legal framework to implement smart grid applications for end-user (i.e.: incentives for customer who participated in the demand-side response program...) o Lack of technical standards for applications (i.e: smart distribution grid structure, ICT, integration of RE t distribution grid…) o Electricity tariff is not fully reflected the cost; lack of investment… 18
  • 19. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 2. Overview of Vietnam’s Smart Grid (3) Some milestones: 21 Jul 2011 March 2012 8 Nov 2012 In the Master Plan VII, PM had assigned MOIT to develop Smart Grid Program ERAV (subsidiary of MOIT) developed the Smart Grid Project and Implementation Roadmap PM approved the Smart Grid Program- 3 phases Roadmap Minister of MOIT established the SG development Steering Committee in Vietnam 17 Jan 2013 19 Mar 2013 19 Committee Regulation and the Operation plan of 2013
  • 20. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 2. Overview of Vietnam’s Smart Grid (4) MOIT MOF MPI MOST MOC Smart Grid Development Steering Committee ERAV EVN 20 EVN NPT EVN NLDC EVN PCs
  • 21. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam Content 1. Vietnam Power System Overview 2. 3. Smart grid development Roadmap 4. Barriers and keyplayers of Smart Grid 5. 21 Overview of Vietnam’s Smart Grid On-going projects
  • 22. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 3. Smart grid development Roadmap Smart Grid Program Smart Transmission and System Operation Subprogram Smart Distribution Network Subprogram Smart Metering Subprogram Smart Customers Subprogram Transversal – Social Friendly subprogram 22 1.Phase 1 2. Phase 2 3. Phase 3
  • 23. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 3. Smart grid development Roadmap (1) 1.Phase 1 2. Phase 2 3. Phase 3 • Phase 1 (2012 - 2016): o Enhance power system operation efficiency program: complete the SCADA/EMS project for NLDC, Install completely the devices to collect operation data from substations/power plants connected to 110kV grid and above.... o Pilot projects: Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) in HCMC PC, integration of Renewable Energy Sources in CPC o Building of regulatory framework: Load research, load control mechanism, financial mechanism and regulations for smart grid implementation. o Develop technical regulations: standards for AMI, automation and tele-control of substations, integration of RES and distribution smart grid structure... o Social Support Program: Dissemination of Smart Grid program for customer and stakeholders 23
  • 24. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 3. Smart grid development Roadmap (2) 1. Phase 1 2. Phase 2 3. Phase 3 • Phase 2 (2017-2022): o Continue enhance power system operation efficiency program, focus on distribution network: Deploy SCADA/DMS system for the distribution power corporations, deploy the automation equipment for 110kV substations, build the Smart Grid implementation capacities for the distribution power corporation. o Dissemination of AMI lesson learnt. Extension of AMI system to big customers in all PCs. o Integrate distributed generations, new energy generations, and renewable generations into the network at medium and low voltage; pilot project for Smart Home, Smart City. o Build the regulatory framewok for smart grid applications o Develop the technical regulations: standards of energy storage, smart appliances. 24 o Social Support Program (continued).
  • 25. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 3. Smart grid development Roadmap (3) 1. Phase 1 2. Phase 2 3. Phase 3 • Phase 3 (2022 and upward): o Continue the Information and Communication Technology Infrastructure Installation program for distribution network: Deploy the SCADA/DMS system for all provincial/district power companies to reach efficient number of MV/LV substations; Develop AMI system to residential customer, provide customer the opportunities to trade on the retail competitive market; Continue encouraging the introduction of distributed generations o Implement the smart grid applications which allow to electricity demand-supply balancing in customer level (Smart Homes) with their own RES; Use of renewable energy widely in distribution grid with the time-of-usage electricity price mechanism associated with retail competitive power market.. o Build regulatory framework which allows to deploy smart grid applications base on existing information technology infrastructure 25
  • 26. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam Content 1. Vietnam Power System Overview 2. 3. Smart grid development Roadmap 4. Barriers and keyplayers of Smart Grid 5. 26 Overview of Vietnam’s Smart Grid On-going projects
  • 27. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 4. Barriers and keyplayers Barriers for Smart Grids implementation International Experience Economical Barriers for the investments Uncertainty about assets ownership and operation Lack of technological standardization Social refusal for new equipment or the new staff conditions 27 Communication network weakness Impossibility to adapt the utilities to the new technologies requirements
  • 28. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 4. Barriers and keyplayers (1) Keyplayers Utilities Power market participants Customer Government - Regulators Techno-Service Providers Others 28
  • 29. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam Content 1. Vietnam Power System Overview 2. 3. Smart grid development Roadmap 4. Barriers and keyplayers of Smart Grid 5. 29 Overview of Vietnam’s Smart Grid On-going projects
  • 30. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 5. On-going projects Regulatory framework, technical standards Wind Grid code: technical standards for connection of wind power into the system Demand-Side Response: regulation for demand side response; Pilot DSR Implementation Project Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI): technical standard for AMI 30
  • 31. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam 5. On-going projects Infrastructures New SCADA/EMS system • The 3rd generation system for System Operator Pilot Advanced Metering Infrastructure Pilot Demand Side Response Automation and tele-control for substations project Automation and tele-control for generators project Mini-SCADAs 31
  • 32. ERAV Electricity Regulatory Authority of Vietnam THANK YOU FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION For further information: Email: Quangnv@moit.gov.vn 32