2013 Smart Grid Potential in Thailand & Vietnam, Anand Menon (EN)

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  • 1. Smart Grid Potential in Thailand & Vietnam ZVEI / GIZ, Frankfurt 14 November 2013 Anand Menon CTO, Smart Grid, ASEAN Siemens MY, Infrastructure & Cities Sector © Siemens 2012
  • 2. Energy systems worldwide are changing… Page 2 NOV 14th , 2013 Anand Menon ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 3. IT Landscape Pre- Smart Grid Utility Applications Page 3 NOV 14th , 2013 Anand Menon ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 4. IT Landscape Post- Smart Grid Utility Applications ADM S Page 4 NOV 14th , 2013 Anand Menon ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 5. SMART GRID ASEAN LINE-UP Overall market observations and status • South East Asian countries from Smart Grid Services perspective to be separated into: FRONT RUNNERS: Run/prepare first pilots and have clear goal of their AMI landscape SIN TH MY IDS VIE MYR FOLLOWERS: Have plans for initiatives but are impeded by regulatory, funding or economy reasons PHI LAO OBSERVERS: Do not invest now but might be interested in the future years • Siemens has a good footprint in all front running and follower countries, being engaged within pilots or at least pilot discussions in all areas Page 5 NOV 14th , 2013 Anand Menon ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 6. SOUTH EAST ASIA – SMART GRID DRIVERS & FOCUS AREAS SMART GRID AREAS CAN BE CLASSIFIED INTO FOUR CATEGORIES: ENERGY DEMANDS ( 109 GW  280 GW) POWER / TRANSMISSION EXPANSIONS T & D EFFICIENCY (~10%, 2X ADV. GRIDS) OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY GRID RELIABILITY SEA ADV. nations SAIFI 4 0.7/cus/yr SAIDI 2-5 0.8hr/cus/yr GRID OPTIMISATON METERING / CUSTOMER MGMT. ( THEFT / BAD DEBT NON-SUBSIDISED MARKET) Page 6 NOV 14th , 2013 EFFICIENT ENERGY USAGE Anand Menon ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 7. 2.4% (D) SUBSIDISED VIETNAM- DRIVERS & FOCUS 6.2% (T) 0.07 $/kWh 22.5 int/cust 110 GW 3.8 hrs 21 GW 2012 2030 SAIFI PEAK DEMAND SAIDI T&D LOSS RETAIL PRICE  EVN is vertical-integrated utility – 100 % T & D, 68% - Generation  During the period 2011 – 2030, electricity demand is expected to rise by about 11% year-on-year  Hence, generation enhancement and developing transmission corridors are focus  Yet to come out with a concrete Smart Grid plan  World Bank assistance forthcoming towards Distribution network improvements Page 7 NOV 14th , 2013 Anand Menon ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 8. 5.5% (T) 4.6 int/cust 2.5% (D) SUBSIDISED THAILAND- DRIVERS & FOCUS 0.11 $/kWh 1.4 hrs 54 GW 25 GW 2012 2030 SAIFI PEAK DEMAND SAIDI T&D LOSS RETAIL PRICE  EGAT owns transmission system and sells to PEA / MEA for distribution  During the period 2011 – 2020, electricity demand is expected to rise by about 5% year-on-year  Although the core national policy emphasis is on meeting expected energy demands, focus is laid on improving operational efficiency / reduce costs to offset subsidized electricity price and high generating costs  PEA leads Smart Grid initiatives with AMI road map, with planned spending upto 400b Baht ( USD 12.6b) over 16 years and integration of RE sources like solar  MEA also in the process of piloting a Smart Grid project with Substation /Feeder Automation Page 8 NOV 14th , 2013 Anand Menon ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 9. Smart Grid deployment overview SMART GRID INITIATIVES IN VIETNAM AND THAILAND: TE SA DA AMI Plans Ev RE No Plans VIETNAM THAILAND Deployment Pilot TE : Transmission Expansion SA : Substation Automation DA : Distribution Automation AMI : Automated Metering Infrastructure eV RE : Electric Vehicle and Renewable Energy Page 9 NOV 14th , 2013 Anand Menon ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 10. Smart Grid Progress - THAILAND  PEA : SG roadmap launch in Aug 2011, budget – USD 4b over 16 years, in three stages  MEA : Focus on Power Distribution expansion and up-rating lines from 12kV to 24kV  EGAT : Supports SG development by power purchase from IPPs ( DG ) & RE projects AMI Systems  PEA, Phase I, 2013 -2018  AMI installation of 400k meters in 3 provinces and Pattaya  Pattaya pilot to commence in mid 2014 with a 2-year timeline, 120k meters ( 3ph, 1ph)  AMI coverage of 26 municipalities upto 1 million meters  Automation Substation Automation Distribution Energy Mgmt Microgrids PEA  IEC60870-5-103 in current usage  Plans to deploy IEC61850 in 2015  MEA  Automation using IEC60870-5-103 ( existing stations)  30% of 115/69/24 kV s/s uses IEC 61850, balance 70% in next 10 years  EGAT  Plans to implement IEC 61850 in 230/115kV s/s in 2014  PEA, Phase I, 2013 -2018  Completed a Control Centre project and aims to replace obsolete systems by 2016  Micro grid developments with RE ( PV, Hydro), energy storage, Controller  MEA  Plans to replace their NCC, consultant employed, tender expected in early 2014 Page 10 NOV 14th , 2013 Anand Menon ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 11. Smart Grid Progress - VIETNAM  2011 -2015, Power Generation – 22 projects, ~10 GW  EVN focused on upgrading the national Transmission system Trans. Upgrades  2011-2015  ~ 300 projects, for laying 15,000 kms of 500kV and 220kV lines  ~ 20 Substation projects, totalling 16,000 MVA  Automation Substation Automation Distribution Energy Mgmt Microgrids Page 11 Since last four (4) years, all new substations at transmission level are using IEC 61850 and numerical IEDs , both vertical and horizontal ( GOOSE messages) communication  Foreign assistance in developing Distribution Automation and SG infrastructure  World Bank’s Distribution Efficiency project ( 2013 – 2018), USD 800m, focus on reduction in electricity losses and optimised consumption thereby reducing GHG emission - A : System Expansion B : SG technologies in Distr C : Tech. assistance / capacity build - Demand Response program also in consideration  EVN recently awarded contract to replace their National Control Centers  EVN SPC utilising a WB loan of USD 20m is in the process of procuring a SCADA DMS by mid-2014  Other provincial utilities have plans to modernise their SCADA systems NOV 14th , 2013 Anand Menon ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 12. SOUTH EAST ASIA - SMART GRID BARRIERS  Weak policy and regulation  Binding regulatory targets for smart grid deployments not yet in place  Shortage of Government funds  Utilities hard-pressed to absorb high up-front costs on smart grid investments and transfer onto consumers  Dynamic electricity pricing structures do not exist  High Costs & Consumer awareness  RoI and cost-benefit analysis not tangible towards investments  Consumers are largely unaware of technology and are concerned on applications such as smart meters with potential increased costs  Technology barriers  Lack of cost-effective communication or IT infrastructure  In some instances, ground-level SCADA / DMS need to be installed prior to advanced technology implementation Page 12 NOV 14th , 2013 Anand Menon ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 13. Smart Grid development SMART GRID INITIATIVES CAN BE CLASSIFIED INTO FOUR CATEGORIES: Efficient energy usage Operational efficiency AMI Systems Automation Substation Automation Distribution CO2 Reduction RE Integration Reliability Optimization Energy Mgmt Microgrids Smart meters MDM System Demand Resp. Billing, SAP SCADA Asset Mgmt Pr & Control IEC61850 NOV 14th , 2013 WAMS Cond. Monitor Volt/ VAR Fdr. Auto Solar , Wind, Biomass PQ MEM EMS DEMS Page 13 Users enterprise Interfaces OMS Anand Menon ROS ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 14. Looking for innovative solutions? Page 14 NOV 14th , 2013 Anand Menon ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 15. Significant changes in energy system require a new Smart Grid infrastructure Challenges in changing energy system    Renewable and distributed generation Limited generation and grid capacity Aging and/or weak infrastructure   Cost and emissions of energy supply Revenue losses, e.g. non-technical losses Load management & peak avoidance    Reliability through automatic outage prevention and restoration       Page 15 NOV 14th , 2013  Anand Menon Smart Grid offers solutions Balancing generation & demand, new business models Efficient generation, transmission, distribution & consumption Full transparency on distribution level and automated loss prevention ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 16. Thank you for your attention! © Siemens 2012
  • 17. At the distribution level, changing in-feed patterns due to local generation are challenging existing grid infrastructure… Weekly loading of a transformer station in the rural area the LEW-Verteilnetz GmbH – 2003 and today 200 Load in kW Load profile 2003 Load profile today 100 0 -100 -200 -300 12:00 12:00 0:00 12:00 0:00 12:00 0:00 12:00 0:00 12:00 0:00 12:00 0:00 12:00 0:00 Source: LEW Page 17 NOV 14th , 2013 Anand Menon ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 18. TARGET ARCHITECTURE Horizontal Layers… EXISTING ENTERPRISE IT SYSTEMS EXISTING DISTRIBUTION SPECIFIC IT SYSTEMS SMART GRID RELATED DISTRIBUTION SPECIFIC IT SYSTEMS EXISTING ENTERPRISE IT SYSTEMS – INTEGRATION LAYER SMART GRID APPLICATIONS COMMUNICATIONS FIELD AND PREMISE INFRASTRUCTURE Residential Commercial and Industrial
  • 19. Typical Customer Evolution…. Step 0: No Smart Meters Background: - Utility-specific applications to build, maintain and operate networks and to serve customers - Meter data collected manually and meter-read data is loaded directly into customer’s CIS for billing - For C & I customers, some form of AMR may be present using one way public cellular communication networks Customer Information System Work / Asset Management System Distribution and Outage Management Geographical Information System Existing Enterprise IT Network Planning Manual Meter Reading Systems for residential and C&I Existing Distribution Specific IT Existing Enterprise IT Integration Layer Utility Goal: - To move the Utility IT landscape to a goal architecture supporting several Smart Grid capabilities Field Worker Management Automated Meter Reading Systems for C&I Communications M Residential M M Commercial and Industrial M Field and Premise Infrastructure
  • 20. Final Step: Smart Meter to Smart Grid Transition Smart Grid Goal Architecture Customer Information System Work / Asset Management System Field Worker Management ADVANCED Distribution and Outage Mgmt. Existing Enterprise IT Geographical Information System Existing Distribution Specific IT Network Planning Existing Enterprise IT Integration Layer Smart Meter Data Management Customer Data Portal Smart Meter Data Analytics Smart PrePayment Demand Response DG Control Demand Response PQ EV Control Demand Response PQ Int. S/s Cond. Monitor Feeder Automation Smart Grid Applications Head End / Remote Device Management Communications PV Panel M RTU IHD SENSORS M Controllable Devices Residential IED M M M Controllable Device Controllable Device Commercial and Industrial M Distributed Generation RMU, Substation Field and Premise Infrastructure
  • 21. Typical Customer Evolution… Step – wise Approach Step 0 Step 1 Step 2 PQPILOT PQSCALE-UP PQ-ADMS Integration Step 0 Step 1 Step 2 Feeder AutomationPILOT Feeder AutomationSCALE-UP Feeder AutomationADMS Integration Step 0 Step 1 Step 2 ISCMPILOT ISCMSCALE-UP ISCMAM TIE-UP Page 21 NOV 14th , 2013 Anand Menon ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 22. Roll – Out Integration Smart Meters with Functionality Page 22 NOV 14th , 2013 Anand Menon ZVEI/GIZ 2013
  • 23. Combined Roll – Out Plan Example….. Phase 3 Contract-based DR 1,000,000 Phase 2 800,000 Meters Installed Pre- Payment DG Integration EVC Integration Energy Feedback Price-based DR Phase 1 200,000 Operational Analytics Basic Meter-to-Cash Distribution Integration Adv. Meter-to-Cash 100,000 Phase 3 Functionality 20,000 5,000 Phase 1 Functionality Phase 2 Functionality 0 0 mths Roll out 5000 meters 1 mth 6 mths Increase meter Test phase 1 count to 20,000 functionality and with phase 1 communications functionality Page 23 NOV 14th 9 mths Time 15 mths Cutover all meter Undertake 5000 meter population to phase pilot of phase 2 2 functionality and functionality while continue rollout up continuing rollout on to 200,000 meters , phase 1 functionality Anand Menon 2013 18 mths 24 mths 26 mths Undertake pilot of phase 3 functionality using different Cutover all meter population to phase Functionality set of meters while and rollout 3 and continue continuing to rollout of up complete rollout up to to 800,000 meters on 1,000,000 meters ZVEI/GIZ 2013 phase 2 functionality