Ecclesiology came from two Latin words “ecclesia” and “logos”
“ Ecclesia” which means congregation or church.
“ Logos” which means study
The Latin “Ecclesia” from Greek ek-ka-lein means to “ call out of .”
In Church, God is “ calling together” His people from all the ends of the word.
The equivalent Greek term KYRIAKE, from which the English word Church and the German Kirche are derived, means “what belongs to the Lord”
There are two meaning:
1. The Church is the “house of prayer”
2. “The Church is the congregation of all baptized person professing one faith, one Lord, one baptism and the same sacraments under the authority of one visible head, the Supreme Pontiff or the Pope.”
– St. Robert Bellarmine
“ In the days of these kingdoms, the God of Heaven will set up a Kingdom that shall never be destroyed……and His Kingdom will have no end”
– Daniel 2: 44
“ You are Peter and upon this rock I will build my church, and even the gates of hell shall not prevail against it”
- St. Matthew 16:18
1.) PREPARATION (during the public ministry of Jesus Christ)
St. Mat 10: 1-10 – Jesus called the twelve Apostles, the first Church He founded.
St. John 15:16 – “you did not choose Me, but I choose you”
St. Luke 10:16 – “He who hears you hears Me, but he who rejects you rejects Me and rejects the One who sent Me.”
1.) PREPARATION (during the public ministry of Jesus Christ)
Jn 21:15-17- Jesus entrusted the Church to St. Peter, the first Pope.
Mt. 18:19- had given Authority to St. Peter
Mt. 18:18- Authority to the Twelve Apostles
Mt. 28:18-20- Authority to His disciples
2 .) COMPLETION (during the Sacrificial Death of Jesus Christ on the cross)
Acts 20:28 – “Take heed to yourselves, and to the whole flock, wherein the Holy Ghost had placed you bishops, to rule the church of God, which He had purchased with his own blood. ”
Hebrews 9: 22 – “And almost all things, according to the law, are cleansed with blood: and without shedding of blood there is no remission .”
3.) INAUGURATION (sending of the Holy Spirit)
St. John 14:16-18, 26 – Jesus Christ promise a Helper, the Holy Spirit.
Acts 2:1-14 – the descend of the Holy Spirit upon Mary and Apostles on the day of Pentecost.
“ Set up signs and mark the road (way)”
The Way is the Church. Acts 24:14; 19:9
The Church is therefore can be found through its Marks.
1.) It must be an outward sign. If it’s not, it’s useless as a means of identification. A mark must be evident to everyone.
2.) It must be essential characteristic, one without which the Church cannot exist as Christ’s Church. Marks of the Church don’t exist only as means of identification but must be a part of the very nature of the Church
INFALLIBILITY- is an essential characteristic but not visible, so it’s not a mark.
MIRACLES- are visible characteristics but not essential so it’not a mark.
The Church is:
These 4 Marks have the essential and visible characteristics.
The Church is one in:
SOURCE- the highest exemplar and source of this mystery is the unity, in the Trinity of Persons, of one God, the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit.
-(Eph. 4:6 “One Lord, one Faith, One Baptism”)
FOUNDER - St. John 10:16 “There is only one flock (Church) and one shepherd (Jesus Christ)”
SOUL- It is the Holy Spirit. (Acts 1:8; Eph. 4:4- one body and one Spirit)
-Catechism of the Catholic Church par. 813
The unity of the Church is assured also in the visible bonds of communion:
a.) In the profession of one faith received from the Apostles.
b.) Common celebration of divine worship, especially in the sacraments.
c.) One government and the Apostolic succession .
The Catholic Church is holy in her:
a.) Origin – Christ our Lord, the
founder of the Church, is Holy.
b.) Purpose – the sanctification and salvation of mankind.
c.) Means – the teachings of Christ, the commandments, the liturgy (mass), the sacraments, the sacramentals and prayers.
d.) Fruit – the Martyrs, the Saints; St. Matthew 7: 15-20 “By their fruits you will know them”
“ Be Holy for I am Holy”
- 1 Pet. 1:16
The word catholic comes from the Greek work Katholikos or Katholos which means universal, general, complete, whole world and all embracing.
(St. Matthew 28:19; St. Mark 16:15; Acts 1:8; St. Matthew 24:14; Rome 1:8)
The Church is Catholic in three ways:
a.) In TIME – from the apostles to present.
b.) In PLACE – not confined to one part of the world but teaches through out the whole world.(Mt. 28:19)
c.) In DOCTRINE – it teaches the same doctrine and administer the same sacraments everywhere to all class of people.
APOSTOLIC – which means that the Church is founded during the time of the apostles.
“ You are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets” –Eph. 2:20
Apostolic Succession – the Pope is the successor of St. Peter, the first Pope.
(St. Matthew 16:18; St. John 21:15-19)
1.) ORIGIN - she was and remains built on “the foundation of the Apostles.”-(Eph. 2:20; Rev. 21:14
2.) TEACHING - with the help of the Spirit dwelling in her, the Church keeps and hands on the teaching(Acts 2:42) “good deposit,” the salutary words She has heard from the Apostles (2 Tim. 1:13-14)
3.) SUCCESSION - She continues to be taught, sanctified, and guide by the Apostles until Christ’s return through the successor of St. Peter and the Aposles, the Pope and the Bishops. (Ti 1:5; Acts 14:23; 1 Tim 4:14; Acts 1:20, 25-26)
INDEFECTIBILITY - that the Christ will last and will not perish until the end of time.
Daniel 2:44 - “cannot be destroyed”
Mt. 28:20 – “Christ assured that He will remain with His Church forever
Mt. 16:18 – “even the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.”
INFALLIBILITY - b y the special assistance of the Holy Spirit, the Church cannot err when teaching in matters of Faith and Morals
John 16:13 - “the Spirit of Truth will teach you all the Truth.”
1 Tim 3:15 – “the Church is the pillar ad foundation of Truth.”
AUTHORITY - is the power which one person has over another. This is the power to teach, govern and sanctify.
Mt. 16:18- “I will give you the Keys of Heaven”
Mt. 28:19-20 – “teaching them….baptizing them.”
Jn. 20:21 – As the Father has sent me, so I also send you.
“… the Church is purchased by His blood” - Acts 20:28
“… He is the head of the Body which the Church. - Col. 1:18
“… . Christ is Himself the Savior of the Church, His Body. - Eph. 5:23
MEMBERSHIP of the Church
Explicit Membership – this includes all baptized Catholics
Implicit Membership – Baptism by blood, baptism by desire and invincible ignorance
All men are obliged to become a member at least in desire. Protestants and non-Christian religions can be saved IF,
through no fault of their own they do not know that the Catholic Church is the True Church, but they love God and try to do his will.
1 Tim 2:4- “God wishes all men to be saved.
2 Cor. 5:15 – “Christ died for all.”
“ Outside the Church there is no salvation” -St. Cyprian
Basing itself on Scripture and Tradition, the Council teaches that the Church , a pilgrim now on earth, is necessary for salvation: the one Christ is the mediator and the way of salvation; he is present to us in his body which is the Church. He himself explicitly asserted the necessity of faith and Baptism, and thereby affirmed at the same time the necessity of the Church which men enter through Baptism as through a door. Hence they could not be saved who, knowing that the Catholic Church was founded as necessary by God through Christ, would refuse either to enter it or to remain in it.
- Catechism of the Catholic Church, paragraph 846
“ Whoever is separated from the Church is separated from the promises of Christ..... one cannot have God as his Father if he has not the Church as his Mother”