Psychopathology = too much all at once or for too extended period of time
Examples: An unfaithful husband suspects his wife of infidelity.A man does not like another person. But he has a value that says he should like everyone. So he projects onto them that they do not like him. This allows him to avoid them and also to handle his own feelings of dislike.
Associated with:border line personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder
This is usually in response to stressful situations, with greater levels of stress potentially leading to more overt regressive acts.Examples: A person who suffers from a mental breakdown assumes a fetal position, rocking and crying.A child suddenly starts to wet the bed after years of not doing so ( this is a typical response to the arrival of a new sibling).A patient makes childish demands and becomes dependent on the nurse for care that they could do for themselves.
“Repressed memories” are memories that have been unconsciously blocked from access or view.
Instead of saying, “I’m angry with you,” a person who acts out may instead throw a book at the person, or punch a hole through a wall. When a person acts out, it can act as a pressure release, and often helps the individual feel calmer and peaceful once again. For instance, a child’s temper tantrum is a form of acting out when he or she doesn’t get his or her way with a parent. Self-injury may also be a form of acting-out, expressing in physical pain what one cannot stand to feel emotionally.Different from displacement because emotion is covered up, not redirected
Cause: trying cover up something unacceptable by adopting an opposite stance
Example: after realizing you just insulted a loved one unintentionally, you might spend then next hour praising their beauty, charm and intellect.
Instead of communicating honestly when you feel upset, annoyed, irritated or disappointed you may instead bottle the feelings up, shut off verbally, give angry looks, make obvious changes in behaviour, be obstructive, sulky or put up a stone wall. It may also involve indirectly resisting requests from others by evading or creating confusion around the issue. Not going along with things. Passive aggressive behavior might not always show that the person is angry or resentful. They might appear in agreement, polite, friendly, down-to-earth, kind and well-meaning. However, underneath there may be manipulation going on - hence the term "Passive-Aggressive".
Ex: child was sexually abused recalls only a bad man coming to her in her dreamsExtreme cases: amnesia, multiple personalities
Are unconscious mental techniques used by the ego tokeep conflicts out of consciousness, thus decreasinganxiety and maintaining the individual’s sense ofsafety, equilibrium, and self-esteem. • All defenses are unconscious • Defenses change over time • Defenses are adaptive as well as pathologic • Psychopathology – issue of intensity and extent
Denial is the refusalto accept reality orfact, acting as if apainful event,thought or feeling didnot exist
person attributes his orher own wishes, desires,thoughts, or emotionsto someone else.Internal states areperceived as a part ofsomeone else or of theworld in general.
• aka all or nothing thinking, it can be the splitting of mind and mental state• in this case patient thinks in black or white forms, it’s either positive or negative, good or bad, it can even be splitting of the ego when the patient is existentially insecure.
Temporary or transient block inthinking, or an inability to remember During Exam After Exam OMG!! I I just can’t remembered remember the answer question 7’s to question 7 answer
Regression involves taking the position of a child in some problematicsituation, rather than acting in a more adult way.Can be simple and harmless, like a person sucking a pen, or may be moredysfunctional as crying or using moody arguments.
• Psychic derivatives are converted into bodily symptoms. Feelings are manifest as physical symptoms rather than psychological distress.
Unconsciously patterning one’sbehavior after that of someone who ismore powerful
redirecting of thoughts feelings and impulses directed at oneperson or object, but taken out upon another person or object.
• Repression is the unconscious blocking of unacceptable thoughts, feelings and impulses.
Painful, troublesome, frightening feelings are removedfrom thoughts forced from conscious awarenessSplit between thoughtsand feelings.
• Acting out is performing an extreme behavior in order to express thoughts or feelings the person feels incapable of otherwise expressing.
• Rationalization is putting something into a different light or offering a different explanation for one’s perceptions or behaviors in the face of a changing reality.
• Reaction Formation is the converting of unwanted or dangerous thoughts, feelings or impulses into their opposites.
Attempt to take back an unconscious behavior or thought that isunacceptable or hurtful.By “undoing” the previousaction, the person is attemptingto counteract the damage done bythe original comment, hoping the two will balance one anotherout.
Non-verbal aggression that manifests in negative behavior.It is when you are angry with someone but do not/ cannottell them.It can either be covert (concealed and hidden) or overt(blatant and obvious).
• Separates self from one’s experience. Third person rather than first person experience. Facts of an event are acceptable, but the person is protected from the full impact of the experience.
Expression of feeling without causingdiscomfort It’s okay if I lost a leg at least I can dress up like a pirate now hahahahahhahahahahaha
the channeling of unacceptable impulses,thoughts and emotions into more acceptableonesHumor Action Fantasy
• conscious decision to postpone attention to an impulse or conflict. Conscious set-up and unconscious follow through. The suppressed content temporarily resides in the unconscious.
• Rocky Balboa often experiences intense feelings of anger and frustration. In order to cope with these feeling, he enrolls in a boxing class as an outlet for his emotions. Rockys actions are an example of which type of defense mechanism?SublimationProjectionDisplacementRepression
• Eric Cartman complains about his job duties at work, rarely completes assigned tasks, and is regularly late for work. When he’s is fired, he claims it was due to his co-worker Kyle badmouthing him instead of blaming it on his own poor work performance. Which defense mechanism explains Cartmans reaction?DisplacementDenialRationalizationSublimation
• Betul dislikes public speaking. She stops going to school, changes jobs, and declines most social engagements to ensure that she does not have to speak in public. Betuls behavior is an example of which defense mechanism?DenialAvoidanceSublimationPassive-aggression
• Gregory Houses friends and family believe that he has a drug addiction problem. When House is confronted by his loved ones, he claims that his drug taking is not problematic. What type of defense mechanism is Houses response?RepressionRationalizationDenialDisplacement
• Red Forman has an argument with his boss, but remains calm while at work. When he gets home that evening, he yells at his wife and son Eric. Which defense mechanism is Red displaying?RationalizationDenialReaction formationDisplacement
• NOT A DEFENSE MECHANISM• The unconscious transfer of feelings and/or thoughts between individuals