Grammar book

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Grammar book

  1. 1. Julio Chupp
  2. 2.  Imperfect  Preterite  Por y Para  Stressed Possessive adjectives & pronouns  Usted & ustedes commands  Present subjunctive  Subjunctive with verbs of will & influence  Subjunctive with verbs of emotion  Subjunctive with verbs of doubt & disbelief  Subjunctive conjunctions
  3. 3. Ar Er Ir Cantaba Tenía Salía Cantabas Teníias Salías Cantaba Tenía Salía Cantábamos Teníamos Salíamos Cantaban Tenían Salían Use to: speak about background events in a story, talk about something you used to do as a matter of habit, speak about how old someone was, say what time it was
  4. 4. Ar verbs Er/Ir verbs é aste ó í iste ió amos asteis aron imos isteis ieron used for past actions that are seen as completed
  5. 5. To express gratitude/apology “through” “along” “by” “in the area of” talking about exchange, including sales to express a length of time to express cause or reason
  6. 6. PARA Indicate Destination “In order to” “For” “By” “Considering” Indicate Purpose, Intent, Usefulness, Need
  7. 7.  Short       form Mi Tu Su Nuestro Vuestro Su Long Form Mio Tuyo Suyo Nuestro Vuestro Suyo
  8. 8.  To    form possessive pronoun: Use the long form of possessive adjective Add le, la, los, las based on the gender and number of the noun Attach pronoun to reflexive when using reflexive in infinitive form
  9. 9.  1) Start with the yo form of the present indicative.  2) Then drop the -o ending.  3) Finally, add the following endings:   -ar verbs: -e (for Ud.), -en (for Uds.) -er and -ir verbs: -a (for Ud.), -an (for Uds.)
  10. 10.  reflects how the speaker feels about the action  1) Start with the yo form of the present indicative.  2) Then drop the -o ending.  3) Finally, add the following endings:  -ar verbs: -e, -es, -e, -emos, -éis, en -er and -ir verbs: -a, -as, -a, -amos, -áis, -an
  11. 11.  Rogar  (o-ue) To beg/plead  Recomendar  To recommend  Prohibir  To prohibit  Mandar  To order  Insistir  (e-ie) To insist Importar To be important Aconsejar To advise Sugerir (e-ie) To suggest
  12. 12. Alegrarse (de) – to be happy Esperar – to hope/wish Sentir (e-ie) – to be sorry/regret Sorprender – to surprise Temer – to be afraid/fear Es triste – it’s sad Ojála (que) – I hope that/wish that
  13. 13. Dudar – to doubt Negar (e-ie) – to deny Es imposible – it’s impossible No es cierto – it’s not true No es seguro – it’s not certain Es improbable – it’s improbable No es verdad – it’s not true
  14. 14.  Es necassario que  Es malo que  Es triste que  Es bueno que  Es urgente que  Es importante que

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