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Getting Answers Today
 

Getting Answers Today

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    Getting Answers Today Getting Answers Today Presentation Transcript

    • Sustainable Design for Small Landscapes Julie Weisenhorn University of Minnesota Extension Department of Horticultural Science
    • “… A small plot of ground well ordered, turns to greater advantage than a large one neglected …” - Leonard Meager The New Art of Gardening , 1697
    • Designing small spaces may feel less overwhelming … but more restrictive.
    • Sustainable Design
      • Designing for plant health and longevity;
      • Creating “outdoor rooms”;
      • Important in design regardless of size or cost.
    • Five Considerations of Sustainable Design
    • 1. Functional
    • 2. Maintainable
    • 3. Environmentally sound
    • 4. Cost effective
    • 5. Visually pleasing
    •  
    • Site analysis Client Interview & Survey
      • Client interview
        • Activities in the landscape
        • Timeline for installation
        • Budget – install and maintenance
      • Site survey
        • Site inventory
        • Specific, honest evaluation of site features; measurements
      • Landscape Design Questionnaire, Site Evaluation Form
    • Design Principles
    • Design Principle 1. Unity
      • A feeling of “oneness”
      • Mix & match plants based on texture, form
      • Repetition of hardscapes and plants
      • All aspects should complement one another, not compete for attention;
      • The entire design comes together to form one landscape.
    • Design Principle 1. Unity
      • The entire design:
        • Comes together to form one landscape;
        • All aspects should complement one another, not compete for attention;
        • Repetition of materials builds unity.
    •  
    • Design Principle 2. Simplicity
      • Large masses and groups
      • Fewer individual species / cultivars
      • Backgrounds, backdrops
      • Color pallets
      • 1-3 focal points in a small space
      • More important in commercial design than residential
    • Design Principle 3. Variety
      • Variety in plants: type, form, texture, seasonal interest;
      • Variety in hardscapes: color, texture
      • Variety in location: areas viewed up close, entry gardens, decks, walkways, etc.
    • Variety vs. Collection
    • Design Principle 4. Balance
      • Formal vs. informal, symmetrical vs. asymmetrical
    • Design Principle 5. Emphasis
        • Integrate focal points, accent, and specimen plants in the landscape
    • Design Principle 6. Sequence
        • The repetition of textures, colors, form and materials to transition the viewer through the landscape.
    • Design Principle 7. Scale
        • The relative size of one part of a landscape to another and to human beings using plants and hard features of various sizes.
    • Plant Selection
    • Select plants for sustainability
      • Right plant, right place, right purpose
      • Select plants based on their elements of design (characteristics)
        • plant type
        • Size
        • Form
        • Texture
        • Seasonal interest
    • Plant selection Plant type
    • Plant selection Select plants based on mature size
    • Plant selection Form
    • Plant selection Form: Go Vertical
    • Trellising & Espalier
    • Plant selection Texture, Mix & Match
    • Plant selection Seasonal Interest
    • Color
    • Color
      • Warm: Focal point, draws attention
      • Cool: Calm, relaxing, larger
      • Neutral: Transitions, softens, expands
    • Design tips for small landscapes
    • Design tips for small landscapes 1. Design elements to serve more than one purpose
    • Design tips for small landscapes 2. Interplant ornamentals with edibles
    • Design tips for small landscapes 3. Consider views
    • Design tips for small landscapes 4. Use tall plants as backdrops
    • Design tips for small landscapes 5. Design turf areas for maintenance
      • Mowing – avoid tight radii
      • Light & moisture requirements
      • Repeated traffic, equipment
    • Design tips for small landscapes 6. Avoid dividing the property
    • Design tips for small landscapes 7. De-emphasize narrow areas
    • Design tips for small landscapes 8. Locate details & variety close-up
    • Resources
      • Sustainable Urban Landscape Information Series (SULIS): http://www.sustalnd.umn.edu
      • Gardening Information http://www.extension.umn.edu/gardeninfo
      • Rice, Graham, The Ultimate Book of Small Gardens
      • Messervy, Julie Moir and Susanka, Susan, Outside the Not So Big House
      • Beaulieu, David, “Color Theory in Landscape Design”, http://landscaping.about.com/od/flowersherbsgroundcover1/a/flower_photos.htm
      • Luss, Gunda, “Color Techniques for Landscape Design” http://www.sustland.umn.edu/design/colortechniques.html
      • Boulden, Steve, “Big Help for Small Gardens”, http://www.the-landscape-design-site.com/smallgardens.html
    • Sustainable Design for Small Landscapes Julie Weisenhorn University of Minnesota Extension Department of Horticultural Science Email: [email_address]