Sustainable Design  for Small Landscapes Julie Weisenhorn University of Minnesota Extension Department of Horticultural Sc...
“…  A small plot of ground well ordered, turns to greater advantage than a large one neglected …” - Leonard Meager The New...
Designing small spaces may feel less overwhelming  … but more restrictive.
Sustainable Design <ul><li>Designing for plant health and longevity; </li></ul><ul><li>Creating “outdoor rooms”; </li></ul...
Five Considerations of  Sustainable Design
1. Functional
2. Maintainable
3. Environmentally sound
4. Cost effective
5. Visually pleasing
 
Site analysis Client Interview & Survey <ul><li>Client interview </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Activities in the landscape </li></...
Design Principles
Design Principle   1.  Unity <ul><li>A feeling of “oneness”  </li></ul><ul><li>Mix & match plants based on texture, form <...
Design Principle 1. Unity <ul><li>The entire design: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comes together to form one landscape; </li></ul...
 
Design Principle   2.  Simplicity <ul><li>Large masses and groups </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer individual species / cultivars <...
Design Principle   3.  Variety <ul><li>Variety in plants: type, form, texture, seasonal interest; </li></ul><ul><li>Variet...
Variety vs. Collection
Design Principle   4.  Balance <ul><li>Formal vs. informal, symmetrical vs. asymmetrical </li></ul>
Design Principle   5.  Emphasis <ul><ul><li>Integrate focal points, accent, and specimen plants in the landscape </li></ul...
Design Principle   6.  Sequence <ul><ul><li>The repetition of textures, colors, form and materials to transition the viewe...
Design Principle   7.  Scale <ul><ul><li>The relative size of one part of a landscape to another and to human beings using...
Plant Selection
Select plants for sustainability <ul><li>Right plant, right place, right purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Select plants based on ...
Plant selection Plant type
Plant selection Select plants based on mature size
Plant selection Form
Plant selection Form: Go Vertical
Trellising & Espalier
Plant selection Texture, Mix & Match
Plant selection Seasonal Interest
Color
Color <ul><li>Warm: Focal point, draws attention  </li></ul><ul><li>Cool: Calm, relaxing, larger </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral...
Design tips for small landscapes
Design tips for small landscapes 1.  Design elements to serve more than one purpose
Design tips for small landscapes  2.  Interplant ornamentals  with edibles
Design tips for small landscapes   3.   Consider views
Design tips for small landscapes   4. Use tall plants as backdrops
Design tips for small landscapes   5. Design turf areas for maintenance <ul><li>Mowing – avoid tight radii </li></ul><ul><...
Design tips for small landscapes   6. Avoid dividing the property
Design tips for small landscapes   7. De-emphasize narrow areas
Design tips for small landscapes   8.  Locate details & variety close-up
Resources <ul><li>Sustainable Urban Landscape Information Series (SULIS):  http://www.sustalnd.umn.edu </li></ul><ul><li>G...
Sustainable Design  for Small Landscapes Julie Weisenhorn University of Minnesota Extension Department of Horticultural Sc...
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Getting Answers Today

  1. 1. Sustainable Design for Small Landscapes Julie Weisenhorn University of Minnesota Extension Department of Horticultural Science
  2. 2. “… A small plot of ground well ordered, turns to greater advantage than a large one neglected …” - Leonard Meager The New Art of Gardening , 1697
  3. 3. Designing small spaces may feel less overwhelming … but more restrictive.
  4. 4. Sustainable Design <ul><li>Designing for plant health and longevity; </li></ul><ul><li>Creating “outdoor rooms”; </li></ul><ul><li>Important in design regardless of size or cost. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Five Considerations of Sustainable Design
  6. 6. 1. Functional
  7. 7. 2. Maintainable
  8. 8. 3. Environmentally sound
  9. 9. 4. Cost effective
  10. 10. 5. Visually pleasing
  11. 12. Site analysis Client Interview & Survey <ul><li>Client interview </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Activities in the landscape </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Timeline for installation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Budget – install and maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Site survey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Site inventory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific, honest evaluation of site features; measurements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Landscape Design Questionnaire, Site Evaluation Form </li></ul>
  12. 13. Design Principles
  13. 14. Design Principle 1. Unity <ul><li>A feeling of “oneness” </li></ul><ul><li>Mix & match plants based on texture, form </li></ul><ul><li>Repetition of hardscapes and plants </li></ul><ul><li>All aspects should complement one another, not compete for attention; </li></ul><ul><li>The entire design comes together to form one landscape. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Design Principle 1. Unity <ul><li>The entire design: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comes together to form one landscape; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All aspects should complement one another, not compete for attention; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition of materials builds unity. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 17. Design Principle 2. Simplicity <ul><li>Large masses and groups </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer individual species / cultivars </li></ul><ul><li>Backgrounds, backdrops </li></ul><ul><li>Color pallets </li></ul><ul><li>1-3 focal points in a small space </li></ul><ul><li>More important in commercial design than residential </li></ul>
  16. 18. Design Principle 3. Variety <ul><li>Variety in plants: type, form, texture, seasonal interest; </li></ul><ul><li>Variety in hardscapes: color, texture </li></ul><ul><li>Variety in location: areas viewed up close, entry gardens, decks, walkways, etc. </li></ul>
  17. 19. Variety vs. Collection
  18. 20. Design Principle 4. Balance <ul><li>Formal vs. informal, symmetrical vs. asymmetrical </li></ul>
  19. 21. Design Principle 5. Emphasis <ul><ul><li>Integrate focal points, accent, and specimen plants in the landscape </li></ul></ul>
  20. 22. Design Principle 6. Sequence <ul><ul><li>The repetition of textures, colors, form and materials to transition the viewer through the landscape. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 23. Design Principle 7. Scale <ul><ul><li>The relative size of one part of a landscape to another and to human beings using plants and hard features of various sizes. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 24. Plant Selection
  23. 25. Select plants for sustainability <ul><li>Right plant, right place, right purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Select plants based on their elements of design (characteristics) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>plant type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Texture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seasonal interest </li></ul></ul>
  24. 26. Plant selection Plant type
  25. 27. Plant selection Select plants based on mature size
  26. 28. Plant selection Form
  27. 29. Plant selection Form: Go Vertical
  28. 30. Trellising & Espalier
  29. 31. Plant selection Texture, Mix & Match
  30. 32. Plant selection Seasonal Interest
  31. 33. Color
  32. 34. Color <ul><li>Warm: Focal point, draws attention </li></ul><ul><li>Cool: Calm, relaxing, larger </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral: Transitions, softens, expands </li></ul>
  33. 35. Design tips for small landscapes
  34. 36. Design tips for small landscapes 1. Design elements to serve more than one purpose
  35. 37. Design tips for small landscapes 2. Interplant ornamentals with edibles
  36. 38. Design tips for small landscapes 3. Consider views
  37. 39. Design tips for small landscapes 4. Use tall plants as backdrops
  38. 40. Design tips for small landscapes 5. Design turf areas for maintenance <ul><li>Mowing – avoid tight radii </li></ul><ul><li>Light & moisture requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Repeated traffic, equipment </li></ul>
  39. 41. Design tips for small landscapes 6. Avoid dividing the property
  40. 42. Design tips for small landscapes 7. De-emphasize narrow areas
  41. 43. Design tips for small landscapes 8. Locate details & variety close-up
  42. 44. Resources <ul><li>Sustainable Urban Landscape Information Series (SULIS): http://www.sustalnd.umn.edu </li></ul><ul><li>Gardening Information http://www.extension.umn.edu/gardeninfo </li></ul><ul><li>Rice, Graham, The Ultimate Book of Small Gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Messervy, Julie Moir and Susanka, Susan, Outside the Not So Big House </li></ul><ul><li>Beaulieu, David, “Color Theory in Landscape Design”, http://landscaping.about.com/od/flowersherbsgroundcover1/a/flower_photos.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Luss, Gunda, “Color Techniques for Landscape Design” http://www.sustland.umn.edu/design/colortechniques.html </li></ul><ul><li>Boulden, Steve, “Big Help for Small Gardens”, http://www.the-landscape-design-site.com/smallgardens.html </li></ul>
  43. 45. Sustainable Design for Small Landscapes Julie Weisenhorn University of Minnesota Extension Department of Horticultural Science Email: [email_address]

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