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130923 pu woody plant list 3 slides


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Local Flora …

Local Flora
Plant list #3

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  • 1. trees Acer negundo (Box Elder) Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple) Betula nigra (River Birch) Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam/ Musclewood) Celtis occidentalis (Hackberry) Fagus granifolia (American Beech) Juglans nigra (Black Walnut) Lindera benzoin (Spicebush) Liquidambar styraciflua (Sweetgum) Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum / Tupelo) Quercus alba (White Oak) Quercus rubra (Red Oak) Rhus typhina (Staghorn Sumac) Tsuga Canadensis (Canada Hemlock) Viburnum dentatum (Arrowwood) Viburnum prunifolium (Blackhaw Viburnum)  
  • 2. Grassland – Savanna- Forest
  • 3. Grassland – Savanna- Forest
  • 4. Grassland – Savanna- Forest
  • 5. Available Soil Moisture- the over riding environmental factor determining the disposition of plant communities Shade Tolerance- All plants require light, shade is a limiting factor to growth. Hightshoe provides an index for shade tolerance (very tolerant- tolerantintermediate) Mesic- a habitat with moderate soil water content and well drained Xeric- a habitat with low soil water content and high evaporation rate Moisture and Topographic Gradients- various habitats that range in conditions from lowland to upland, wet to drier conditions (see next 5 habitat designations lowland wet to upland dry)
  • 6. Lowland Wet- river margins, streamside floodplain depression, subject to frequent inundation (seasonal flooding), high water table, poor drainage area (OBL – FACW) Lowland Wet-Mesic- alluvial bottomlands, elevated terraces of major streams, areas of intermittent flooding but of short duration, excess moisture in winter or spring, nearly xeric conditions during midsummer (FACW-FAC) Upland Mesic- ravines, sheltered coves, moist but well drained slopes and uplands, generally north and east facing slopes, protected from sun exposure and prevailing dry winds, less dry conditions (FACU) Upland Mesic-Dry- dry slopes, upland flats, generally warmer south and west facing slopes, direct sun exposure created drier conditions (FACU) Upland Dry-high banks, cliffs, steep rocky land, excessively drained sandy soil or shallow stoney soil over rock outcrop (UPL)
  • 7. • OBL = Obligate Wetland Plants Almost always occur in wetlands • FACW = Facultative Wetland Plants Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands • FAC = Facultative Wetland Plants Occur in wetlands and non-wetlands • FACU = Facultative Upland Plants Usually occur in non-wetlands, but may occur in wetlands • UPL= Upland Plants Almost never occur in wetlands
  • 8. Acer negundo (Box Elder)
  • 9. Acer saccharum (Sugar Maple)
  • 10. Betula nigra (River Birch)
  • 11. Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam/ Hop Hornbeam)
  • 12. Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam/ Hop Hornbeam)
  • 13. Celtis occidentalis (Hackberry)
  • 14. Fagus granifolia (American Beech)
  • 15. Juglans nigra (Black Walnut)
  • 16. Lindera benzoin (Spicebush)
  • 17. Lindera benzoin (Spicebush)
  • 18. Liquidambar styraciflua (Sweetgum)
  • 19. Liquidambar styraciflua (Sweetgum)
  • 20. Liquidambar styraciflua (Sweetgum)
  • 21. Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum / Tupelo)
  • 22. Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum / Tupelo)
  • 23. Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum / Tupelo)
  • 24. Quercus alba (White Oak)
  • 25. Quercus alba (White Oak)
  • 26. Quercus alba (White Oak)
  • 27. Quercus rubra (Red Oak)
  • 28. Rhus typhina (Staghorn Sumac)
  • 29. Rhus typhina (Staghorn Sumac)
  • 30. Tsuga canadensis (Canada Hemlock)
  • 31. Viburnum dentatum (Arrowood)
  • 32. Viburnum dentatum (Arrowood)
  • 33. Viburnum prunifolium (Blackhaw Virburnum)
  • 34. Viburnum prunifolium (Blackhaw Virburnum)