BUSINESS CASE:BUILDING INTEGRATED OPV  Marc DIJK (ICIS)  Ellen DE SCHEPPER (UHasselt)  Sebastien LIZIN (UHasselt)  Julie L...
Introduction and methodology1. Objective:     To contribute to Organext Valorisation WP2. Inputs:     Common OPV technol...
Table of contents     1. TECHNOLOGY     2. MARKET     3. INDUSTRY     4. PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY                     ...
1. TECHNOLOGY    PV overview    OPV characteristics    OPV & Organext              Seminar Cide-Socran                 ...
1. Technology: PV overview                Seminar Cide-Socran                                      6                   05/...
1. Technology: OPV characteristics                    Acceptor examples                           PCBM               PTCDI...
1. Technology: OPV characteristics  Flexibility  Low weight  Colour tunability  Low cost  Diffuse light  Semi-transp...
1. Technology: OPV and the Organext ProjectWP                 Objectives                                           Last re...
1. Technology: technological positioning Efficiency                                                  Organext            ...
2. MARKET  PV history  Installed power & applications  BIPV market evolution  BIPV interview results                Se...
2. Market: PV history (Europe)                 Seminar Cide-Socran                                       12               ...
2. Market: installed power & applications1. Volume (grid connected):     Europe (2011, source EPIA):         Installatio...
2. Market: installed power & applications                 Seminar Cide-Socran                                       14    ...
2. Market: BIPV in the market             Source: BSW-Solar, June 2010                    Seminar Cide-Socran             ...
2. Market: BIPV market evolution7.006.005.004.00                                                  Commercial3.00          ...
2. Market: BIPV market evolution6.005.004.00                                                  Roofing                     ...
2. Demand: BIPV interview results 10 architects in Wallonia, Brussels, Flanders and Netherlands:     Minimum size: 4 col...
2. Demand: BIPV interview results PV use and customer objectives     Use of PV more generalised in new residential build...
2. Demand: BIPV interview results Who is the project initiator?     7/10: customer / end user is the initiator;     3/1...
2. Demand: BIPV interview results Main current PV selection criteria:     Financial: T.C.O.O. (Total Cost Of Ownership: ...
2. Demand: BIPV interview results Trends in building sector     Zero energy buildings;     Windows surfaces optimizatio...
2. Demand: BIPV interview results Windows :     If OPV becomes almost fully transparent.        Decrease natural light ...
2. Demand: BIPV interview results Barriers:     Current weak performances and prices of OPV     Urbanism restrictions >...
2. Market: sizing the market        Window             Wall                            RoofTotal                      4.26...
3. INDUSTRY BIPV products & suppliers BIPV value chain Global BIPV supply                Seminar Cide-Socran           ...
3. Industry: BIPV products & suppliersBIPV products-solar cell type matrix                            Seminar Cide-Socran ...
3. Industry: BIPV products & suppliersRoof                 Seminar Cide-Socran                                         28 ...
3. Industry: BIPV products & suppliersFaçade                 Seminar Cide-Socran                                         2...
3. Industry: BIPV products & suppliersWindows                 Seminar Cide-Socran                                         ...
Industry: BIPV products & suppliers2008: Konarka has introduced the PowerPlastics to the commercial Market.              M...
BIPV value chain         (O)PV solar cell manufacturer                                                      BIPV module ma...
3. Industry: Global BIPV supplyExternal environment - Current situation:     Crisis in PV sector         • Financial cris...
3. Industry: Global BIPV supply Facade prices                  Seminar Cide-Socran                                       ...
3. Industry: Global BIPV supplyForecast (Europe):     Stabilization PV market (2013-2014)     Legislation regarding ener...
4. PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTSTRATEGY  Organext valorisation  Tool proposal  Examples  Highlights                   Seminar C...
4. Product development: Organext Valorisation          Step                      Focus              Organext Progress1. Ch...
4. Product development: tool Proposal   (not exhaustive)                      Substrates Processing                       ...
Example 1: PV Curtain WallIndustry value chain:PV panels + structure  façade contractors  general construction  clientP...
Example 2: Full Construction SolutionPartnership EDF ENR Solaire and Allouis Face InTec®Micromorph®: upper layer made with...
Example 3: Facade Renovation Lot of building facades are old-fashion and damaged New OPV skin may be a good opportunity ...
To conclude: highlights•   Construction and BIPV is a very demanding market:     •   Strict Rules     •   Lifetime     •  ...
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION           Seminar Cide-Socran                                 43              05/06/2012
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  • Standard in roof : (+) higher yield, less area needed (-) aesthetics, only rigid shapesSolar shingles/tiles: (+) aesthetics (-) lower yield, only rigid shapesMembranes: (+) flexible (-) lower yieldSolar steel cladding: dyesol/tata (dakbovendakomdaktebeschermen)
  • 1ste twee is in het raam3de is cladding =ook in het raam, maarvormt 2de gebouwschil
  • Sapa = serre
  • Trend: BOS manfacturers (zoalsbijvsapa en reynaers aluminium) wordenook BIPV manufacturers
  • BIPV- Business Case - Organext

    1. 1. BUSINESS CASE:BUILDING INTEGRATED OPV Marc DIJK (ICIS) Ellen DE SCHEPPER (UHasselt) Sebastien LIZIN (UHasselt) Julie LEROY (Tweed) Catherine DELVENNE (Cide-Socran) Quentin BENFANTE (Cide-Socran) Raphaël DARIMONT (Cide-Socran) Seminar Cide-Socran 05/06/2012
    2. 2. Introduction and methodology1. Objective:  To contribute to Organext Valorisation WP2. Inputs:  Common OPV technology advantages3. Methodology: A. Desk research:  Purpose: collect information about the current market and trends;  Methodology: free and commercial DB (DialogPro, Profound, etc.). B. Qualitative interviews:  Purpose: collect information about Current market; Needs; Existing products; Competitions; Regulations;  Methodology: 15 face-to-face interviews  Architects and engineering offices (10)  PV vendors and integrators (5) Seminar Cide-Socran 3 05/06/2012
    3. 3. Table of contents 1. TECHNOLOGY 2. MARKET 3. INDUSTRY 4. PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY Seminar Cide-Socran 4 05/06/2012
    4. 4. 1. TECHNOLOGY  PV overview  OPV characteristics  OPV & Organext Seminar Cide-Socran 05/06/2012
    5. 5. 1. Technology: PV overview Seminar Cide-Socran 6 05/06/2012
    6. 6. 1. Technology: OPV characteristics Acceptor examples PCBM PTCDI Donor examples Pentacene Seminar Cide-Socran 7 05/06/2012
    7. 7. 1. Technology: OPV characteristics  Flexibility  Low weight  Colour tunability  Low cost  Diffuse light  Semi-transparent Konarka Heliatek Seminar Cide-Socran 8 05/06/2012
    8. 8. 1. Technology: OPV and the Organext ProjectWP Objectives Last results1. New • N-type semiconductor: • Synthesis and characterization ofNanomaterials  New fullerene derivatives copolymers and cross-linkable  Small molecules with acceptor groups copolymers • Nanostructured polymers  Better control of the morphology • Highly absorbent conjugated polymers2. Deposition • Polymers • Evaporation of different DPPtechniques  Spin-coating and printing monomers with thiophene units  Deposition of copolymers nanofibers by  Effect of the compound structure on the electrospinning film structure and the device efficiency • Small molecules • Spray Coating (can be used for  Organic phase vapor deposition (OPVD) industrial process)  Vacuum thermal evaporation (VTE)  As good as spin coating • Hybrid systems • High transmission coating  VTE applied on nanoparticules • Hybrid system pentacene/ GaN (gas  Interface optimization phase deposition) • Study of the degradation mechanism3. Super Lab List of techniques available in the different This list is available on the website partners group www.organext.org4. Demonstrators Integration of organic solar cells in double glass Set up of the climate chamber  Lifetime study Seminar Cide-Socran 9 05/06/2012
    9. 9. 1. Technology: technological positioning Efficiency Organext Partners Lifetime: today, 3 to 5 years (≈7%) Seminar Cide-Socran 10 05/06/2012
    10. 10. 2. MARKET  PV history  Installed power & applications  BIPV market evolution  BIPV interview results Seminar Cide-Socran 05/06/2012
    11. 11. 2. Market: PV history (Europe) Seminar Cide-Socran 12 05/06/2012
    12. 12. 2. Market: installed power & applications1. Volume (grid connected):  Europe (2011, source EPIA):  Installations: 8,5 GW (= 68 Mio m²)  Cumulative installed PV: 21,9 GW (=175 Mio m²)  +63%  World (2011, source EPIA):  Installations volume: 12,9 GW (=103 Mio m²)  Cumulative installed PV: 29,7 GW (=238 Mio m²)  +76%2. Applications:  BAPV (Building Applied PV)  BIPV (Building Integrated PV)  Ground mounted PV  Consumer electronics Seminar Cide-Socran 13 05/06/2012
    13. 13. 2. Market: installed power & applications Seminar Cide-Socran 14 05/06/2012
    14. 14. 2. Market: BIPV in the market Source: BSW-Solar, June 2010 Seminar Cide-Socran 15 05/06/2012
    15. 15. 2. Market: BIPV market evolution7.006.005.004.00 Commercial3.00 Residential Industrial2.001.000.00 2009 2010 2011 2016 Seminar Cide-Socran 16 05/06/2012
    16. 16. 2. Market: BIPV market evolution6.005.004.00 Roofing Glass3.00 Facades Windows2.00 Others1.000.00 2009 2010 2011 2016 Seminar Cide-Socran 17 05/06/2012
    17. 17. 2. Demand: BIPV interview results 10 architects in Wallonia, Brussels, Flanders and Netherlands:  Minimum size: 4 collaborators;  Public and professional buildings (residential < 20%): 8;  Residential buildings (professional < 20%): 2. Large scope of projects:  Surfaces: up to 40.000 m²;  Budgets: up to 10 M€;  Floors: up to 12 floors;  Representing between 150 and 200 projects per year. Only 2 BIPV projects illustrated Architect implication, as purchasing advisor, is very contrasted:  Depending on their own interest:  Depending on customer portfolio. Seminar Cide-Socran 18 05/06/2012
    18. 18. 2. Demand: BIPV interview results PV use and customer objectives  Use of PV more generalised in new residential buildings (before the review of the public subsidies) than in professional  Very often, the architect is not involved in PV project but they propose it as an option in their quote.  The customer consider the PV aspects at the end of the project, if still available budgets.  Main customers objectives:  6/10: finance (including price, lifetime, R.O.I, etc.);  3/10: image and environment (mainly linked to public buildings);  1/10: dislike PV products. Seminar Cide-Socran 19 05/06/2012
    19. 19. 2. Demand: BIPV interview results Who is the project initiator?  7/10: customer / end user is the initiator;  3/10: active proposition of architect for a global energy approach. Who gives technical advise?  Architects’ knowledge in PV (and energy technologies) is weak.  So they need technical support:  Small projects (residential, SME): directly with the vendor  Bigger projects:  Vendor (with “in-house” engineers): private markets  Independent engineering office: multi-energy/complex projects or public markets Seminar Cide-Socran 20 05/06/2012
    20. 20. 2. Demand: BIPV interview results Main current PV selection criteria:  Financial: T.C.O.O. (Total Cost Of Ownership: investment and maintenance), efficiency, revenues, lifetime  ROI  Technical agreements and labels. Note: Materials used in construction must respect norms (ex: fire protection, etc.) Other criteria (for people concerned with environment and image):  Aesthetics and discretion; Note: when discretion is a must, PV panels can be hidden.  Environmental impact;  Toxicity of components;  Recycling. Seminar Cide-Socran 21 05/06/2012
    21. 21. 2. Demand: BIPV interview results Trends in building sector  Zero energy buildings;  Windows surfaces optimization; Note: windows = 35% of facades surface, with a lower insulation performance than walls.  Facades renovations for old buildings;  Development of “multi-functional” solutions: electricity production associated with walls, insulation, hermetic roofs, complex techniques, etc. Seminar Cide-Socran 22 05/06/2012
    22. 22. 2. Demand: BIPV interview results Windows :  If OPV becomes almost fully transparent.  Decrease natural light to produce electricity (used for artificial lighting)  Note: 60% of the electricity consumption during the day is dedicated to lighting.  If used as substitute to opaque glass. Roofs :  If new urbanism rules (ex: listed buildings)  Because lot of substitutes solutions Advantages:  Vertical performances of OPV More probably:  Give originality to the wall and  Curtain walls and canopies; contribute to building/company identity  Interior walls (i.e.: in sun lounge);  Curtain walls are ready to cable  Facade renovation or construction First customers = public and large buildings Seminar Cide-Socran 23 05/06/2012
    23. 23. 2. Demand: BIPV interview results Barriers:  Current weak performances and prices of OPV  Urbanism restrictions > first applications may concern commercial zonings  Fear of deterioration (tags...)  Competition:  Colours are already available  Thin films BIPV are improving  ...  Lack of budgets for the total project  Reduction of PV subsidies  Lack of regulation to constraint PV installation  Today energy prices are relatively low if we consider environmental externalities.  ... Seminar Cide-Socran 24 05/06/2012
    24. 24. 2. Market: sizing the market Window Wall RoofTotal 4.260 Mio m² (2008)Steel World = 432 Mio m² (2008) World = 1.000 Mio m² (2008) EU = 93 Mio m²Glass World = 6.400 Mio m² New construction: 2.400 Mio m² Renewal: 2.400 Mio m² Others (excl interior) : 1.600 Mio m² (inc. Solar PV)Glass PV (100% front/ 50% back ) 10 à 12 Mio m² (2009)(mainly roof)Building surface area potentially available = 3.700 Mio m² or 463 GWc(Source, EPIA 2009) Seminar Cide-Socran 25 05/06/2012
    25. 25. 3. INDUSTRY BIPV products & suppliers BIPV value chain Global BIPV supply Seminar Cide-Socran 26 05/06/2012
    26. 26. 3. Industry: BIPV products & suppliersBIPV products-solar cell type matrix Seminar Cide-Socran 27 05/06/2012
    27. 27. 3. Industry: BIPV products & suppliersRoof Seminar Cide-Socran 28 05/06/2012
    28. 28. 3. Industry: BIPV products & suppliersFaçade Seminar Cide-Socran 29 05/06/2012
    29. 29. 3. Industry: BIPV products & suppliersWindows Seminar Cide-Socran 30 05/06/2012
    30. 30. Industry: BIPV products & suppliers2008: Konarka has introduced the PowerPlastics to the commercial Market. March 2012: Heliatek GmbH2012 : Konarka Technologies Advances Award inaugurated its first productionWinning Power Plastic Solar Cell Efficiency facility for the manufacture ofwith 9% Certification flexible organic solar panels in Dresden Seminar Cide-Socran 31 05/06/2012
    31. 31. BIPV value chain (O)PV solar cell manufacturer BIPV module manufacturer BOS manufacturer Engineering office ArchitectPolicy Contractor Subcontractor End consumer Seminar Cide-Socran 32 05/06/2012
    32. 32. 3. Industry: Global BIPV supplyExternal environment - Current situation:  Crisis in PV sector • Financial crisis • Decreasing solar subsidies • Dumping prices Chinese competitors  Focus on BAPV/ground-mounted PV, rather than on (more expensive) BIPV • BIPV <5% of global installed PV power • Mostly in countries with BIPV support mechanisms Source BIPV: An overview of the existing products and their fields of application Seminar Cide-Socran 33 05/06/2012
    33. 33. 3. Industry: Global BIPV supply Facade prices Seminar Cide-Socran 34 05/06/2012
    34. 34. 3. Industry: Global BIPV supplyForecast (Europe):  Stabilization PV market (2013-2014)  Legislation regarding energy requirements of (new) buildings  Focus on custom-made high-end applications to compete with Chinese competitors Seminar Cide-Socran Source: Solar&Energy, BIPV Technology 35 05/06/2012 and Market Forecast 2009-2015
    35. 35. 4. PRODUCT DEVELOPMENTSTRATEGY  Organext valorisation  Tool proposal  Examples  Highlights Seminar Cide-Socran 05/06/2012
    36. 36. 4. Product development: Organext Valorisation Step Focus Organext Progress1. Characterisation of Deliverable in terms of High Level ofproject deliverable use and value creation knowledge and(functionalities) expertise2. Identification of To be doneapplications andsegments3. Characterisation of •State of the art in In progress. Inputsmarket segments scientific and technical for steps 1 and 2. matters + IP •Characteristics of market •Determinants of demand •Characteristics of industry •Competition / substitutes 4. Strategy formulation Partnerships with Industrial Partners Seminar Cide-Socran 37 05/06/2012
    37. 37. 4. Product development: tool Proposal (not exhaustive) Substrates Processing Capture oblique Integrability Curves Transparency Colour compatibility techniques sunbeamRoofs Flat roof Hipped roof Tiles Roofing Metal siding Glass roofFacades Glass facades Curtain wall Canopies Classical Wall siding CanopiesWindows Seminar Cide-Socran 38 05/06/2012
    38. 38. Example 1: PV Curtain WallIndustry value chain:PV panels + structure  façade contractors  general construction  clientPartnership example:Reynaers (curtain wall) and Issol (PV)Competitors:Schuco, Reynaers, Kawneer, Hueck,Wicona / Technal, SAPA, etcPrice:Installed curtain wall (without PV) : 450€ / m² Seminar Cide-Socran 39 05/06/2012
    39. 39. Example 2: Full Construction SolutionPartnership EDF ENR Solaire and Allouis Face InTec®Micromorph®: upper layer made with amorphous siliciumand lower layer made with microcrystalline. Seminar Cide-Socran 40 05/06/2012
    40. 40. Example 3: Facade Renovation Lot of building facades are old-fashion and damaged New OPV skin may be a good opportunity to mix energy preoccupations and aesthetics Ex: Gebrik’s solution Seminar Cide-Socran 41 05/06/2012
    41. 41. To conclude: highlights• Construction and BIPV is a very demanding market: • Strict Rules • Lifetime • Price• Construction market is very conservative.• Main criteria is €/Wp. Note: first solar panels have been sold with 12% efficiency.• Fierce competition.• BIPV is a large market with a lot of potential applications and segments.• OPV products are possible trough new materials with added functionalities• Valorisation perspectives must include industrial partnerships Seminar Cide-Socran 42 05/06/2012
    42. 42. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION Seminar Cide-Socran 43 05/06/2012
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