Human relationships chritianity
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Power-point to revise for the Human Relationships section fo the Ethics 1 exam

Power-point to revise for the Human Relationships section fo the Ethics 1 exam

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Human relationships chritianity Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Human RelationshipsTopics to revise•Roles of men and women in the family•Marriage and marriage ceremonies•Divorce•Sexual Relationships and ContraceptionLearning ObjectivesKnow the Key words for this topicUnderstand how to use relevant Bible quotesBe able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 2. Describe:The roles of man / woman / child in a Christian family What you should be able to do….A Christian wedding ceremony.List:The vows taken in a Christian wedding ceremony.The main Christian teachings about marriage.Explain:Different Christian views about sexual relationshipsDifferent Christian views about contraceptionDifferent Christian views about divorceLearn the following Bible quotes:- Family: 1 Timothy 2:11-13, Galatians 3:28, Ephesians 5:21-23; 1 Corinthians 11b-12a, Genesis 1:27b)- Marriage and divorce: Matthew 5:31-32, 1 Corinthians 6:9, Mark: 10:10-11 Mark 10:7-9-The 10 Commandments, Exodus 20. Learning Objectives Know the Key words for this topic Understand how to use relevant Bible quotes Be able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 3. Roles of men and women in the family Topics to reviseTraditional Roles – Men are superior• Adam and Eve – Man was created first, Eve created from the rib of Adam as a helper/companion, Eve was the one who disobeyed God first and so is the weaker sex• Marriage vows – wife vows to obey her husband, Mary (mother of Jesus) is a role model –often portrayed as a quiet, loving mother.• Traditional duties - The wife is to provide secure and loving family home, the husband is the head of the family who sets the rules, Christian behaviours and provides for wife and children by earning the money.• St Paul’s Letters • Ephesians 5:22-23a “Wives, submit to your husbands as to the Lord. For the husband is the head of the wife as Christ is the head of the Church” • 1 Timothy 2:11-13 “A woman should learn in quietness and full submission. I do not permit a woman to teach or have authority over a man; she must be silent. For Adam was formed first, then Eve.” Learning Objectives Know the Key words for this topic Understand how to use relevant Bible quotes Be able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 4. Roles of men and women in the family Topics to reviseAlternative / Modern View – Men and women are equal• Genesis 1:27b “So God created mankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them” - Men and women are different, but equal in the eyes of God.• St Paul’s Letters • Galatians 3:28 “There is neither…. Male or female….for you are all one in Christ Jesus.” • 1 Corinthians 11b-12a “...woman is not independent of man, nor is man independent of woman. For as woman came from man, so also man is born of woman.”• Modern Society – Roles are interchangeable, some women work while the husband looks after the children.Learning ObjectivesKnow the Key words for this topicUnderstand how to use relevant Bible quotesBe able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 5. men and women in the Chruch Topics to reviseTraditional views – Only men should teach• Church Family – one big family, everybody has a distinct role to play• 1 Timothy 2:11-13 “A woman should learn in quietness and full submission. I do not permit a woman to teach or have authority over a man; she must be silent. For Adam was formed first, then Eve.”• Jesus’ Disciples – Jesus chose 12 male disciples which suggests his intention was for men to take the leading role in the Church.• Pope – the Pope has always been male, and Roman Catholics do not permit women to be priests.Learning ObjectivesKnow the Key words for this topicUnderstand how to use relevant Bible quotesBe able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 6. men and women in the Chruch • Modern /Liberal Views – women can lead the Church • Jesus’ Example – Story of Martha and Mary (Luke 10:38-42) – Jesus encouraged women to learn form him, something women were not usually allowed to do. • Jesus’ resurrection appearance – Jesus first revealed himself to a woman, showing he held women in high regard. • The Anglican Church and most non-conformist churches will allow women to be ministers and priests.Learning ObjectivesKnow the Key words for this topicUnderstand how to use relevant Bible quotesBe able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 7. Marriage and marriage ceremonies The couple’s relationship is Marriage is a civil and religious A sacrament is a religious publicly witnessed ritual by which Christians can by the congregation commitment for Christians. It is know God better. and marriage register is signed. considered a sacrament in which a Marriage unites twoMarriage is for life. baptised man and woman vow to Christian people before God. belong to each other in a permanent,People should haveonly one wife or exclusive, sexual partnership of loving, Wife and husband helphusband and support one(monogamy) Sex another. mutual care, concern and sharedoutside marriage(adultery) is againstthe 7th of the Ten responsibility in the hope of having The couple are expected toCommandments. have children. children and bringing up a family. Love and Sex are important parts of the partnership. Family life is a basis for society. Learning Objectives Know the Key words for this topic Understand how to use relevant Bible quotes Be able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 8. Marriage and marriage ceremoniesI take thee to be my wedded husband (or wife)To have and to holdFrom this day forward Why are the vows important?For better for worseFor richer for poorer In Summary, the couple are asked to promise to:In sickness and in health •Love each other and be faithful (they must notTo love and to cherish commit adultery)Till death do us part •Respect and look after each otherAccording to God’s holy law •Stay together until death Learning Objectives Know the Key words for this topic Understand how to use relevant Bible quotes Be able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 9. Marriage and marriage ceremoniesWhat do the following pictures have to do with a marriage ceremony(wedding)? 1 3 4 2 5 6 7 Learning Objectives Know the Key words for this topic Understand how to use relevant Bible quotes Be able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 10. Marriage and marriage ceremonies• Marriage Ceremony and Symbolism The ceremony takes place in a church because promises (vows) are made in front of God. The priest asks the couple and the congregation if there are any reasons why this marriage cannot go ahead. This is to show that the Christian marriage is legally binding. The priest asks both the bride and the groom if they want to marry the other person. This is to show that Christian marriage is a relationship, that is entered into freely and no one has forced them to marry. Having children and bringing them up in the Christian faith is an important part of marriage and the priest explains this to couples in the opening address. Couples say their vows in the presence of God and the congregation of Christians as witnesses, showing the sacred importance of the ceremony. Prayers, Bible readings and the priest’s talk teach the couple about the importance of love in a marriage. A ring is given to symbolize the unending nature of love and of Christian marriage. This shows a marriage is for life.Learning ObjectivesKnow the Key words for this topicUnderstand how to use relevant Bible quotesBe able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 11. Marriage and marriage ceremoniesLearning ObjectivesKnow the Key words for this topicUnderstand how to use relevant Bible quotesBe able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 12. Civil Partnerships• Wrong – Sexual Relationships – for marriage only, therefore civil partnerships are wrong – Bible passages condemning homosexuality – 1 Corinthians 6:9 “Do you not know that the wicked will not inherit the kingdom of God? Neither the sexually immoral…nor homosexual offenders” – Vatican 2008 – “Homosexual behaviour is a disordered behaviour. The activity must be condemned” – Pope – Homosexuality is a greater problem for the future of the world than climate change.• Acceptable – Love – another form of loving relationship, allow a blessing ceremony after a civil partnership registration. – CoE – varied, some allow blessing, some don’t. Learning Objectives Know the Key words for this topic Understand how to use relevant Bible quotes Be able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 13. Most Christians believe: Divorce– Christian teachings, the marriage ceremony and vows, all show Christians that marriage is intended to be a relationship for life.– Marriage is a holy relationship and the vows a couple make are made in front of God and should never be broken: Mark: 10:10-11 “Therefore what God has joined together, let no man separate. Anyone who divorces his wife and marries another woman commits adultery against her”– The ring is given in the marriage ceremony to symbolise that love is unending and that Jesus taught that marriage is for life.– Matthew 5:32 “But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for marital unfaithfulness, causes her to become an adulteress, and anyone who marries the divorced woman commits adultery.” Learning Objectives Know the Key words for this topic Understand how to use relevant Bible quotes Be able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 14. DivorceRoman Catholic – Divorce is WRONG• Resolution - Understand not all marriages will work out but that the Church will give the couple support to resolve their differences.• Separation - Catholic Church allows couples to separate and live apart.• Adultery - It does not allow them to re-marry or have a sexual relationship with anyone else as it would be adultery• Annulment - In some cases the Catholic Church can officially annul a marriage, if one of the couple was under-age, forced to marry against their will or unaware of what they were doing due to diminished responsibility. Also if the marriage is not consummated.Learning ObjectivesKnow the Key words for this topicUnderstand how to use relevant Bible quotesBe able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 15. DivorceChurch of England – Divorce is better AVOIDED, but SOMETIMES acceptable• Marriage is for life, but they accept that things may not always work out.• The priest will help a couple try to resolve their difficulties.• If you are unable to, the Church of England accepts that divorce may be the kindest thing for all concerned as it ends pain.• Some believe that marriage ends when the love dies between two people. – Jesus taught that the right course of action is the most loving thing to do. Forcing a couple to remain trapped in a loveless marriage would hurt them and everyone in their family, which cannot be right. – Jesus lived in a Jewish society almost 2000 years ago, so some believe that it is right to interpret his message in the light of today’s society and permit divorce.Learning ObjectivesKnow the Key words for this topicUnderstand how to use relevant Bible quotesBe able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 16. RemarriageRoman Catholics – NOT ACCEPTED• Marriage is for life – civil divorce is not recognised by God, will always be married in the eyes of God.• Sexual relationships to any partner other than wife will be considered adultery.Church of England – ACCEPTED BY SOME• Remarriage in a church, or church blessing following a register office ceremony may be permitted, depending on the vicar.• Some vicars do not believe it is right to make promises which have been broken once and so can refuse to remarry a divorced couple. In which case the couple must marry in another church or without a priest.Other Christians - ACCEPTED• Jesus taught the importance of forgiveness if someone has made a mistake.Learning ObjectivesKnow the Key words for this topicUnderstand how to use relevant Bible quotesBe able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 17. Sexual RelationshipsSex in a marriage relationship - ENCOURAGED• Sex is a gift from God – it should be enjoyed by a couple as an act of love within their marriage and in order to have children.• Sex is a relationship that has been blessed by God, Christians believe that casual sex encounters are wrong.Sex outside of marriage - FORBIDDEN• The seventh of the Ten Commandments: “Thou shalt not commit adultery” - some Christians interpret this as meaning that all sexual activity outside marriage is wrong.• Jesus also condemned adultery in the gospels (Mark 10:7-9) – Some Christians (i.e. Roman Catholics and Evangelical Protestants) therefore reject all sexual relationships outside marriage. And believe a person should remain a virgin until they are married and have no other sexual partner during their marriage.• The Catholic Church is very clear about sexual relations: “The sexual act must take place exclusively within marriage. Outside of marriage it always constitutes a grave sin”.Learning ObjectivesKnow the Key words for this topicUnderstand how to use relevant Bible quotesBe able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 18. Sexual RelationshipsSex outside of marriage – ACCEPTABLE IN LOVING/PERMANENT RELATIONSHIP• All Christians prefer sexual relationships to take place within a marriage because it provides a stable environment for bringing up children.• Jesus taught that love was what mattered most - Some Christians are prepared to accept pre-marital sex as part of a loving relationship is a couple are committed to each other and plan to marry.Learning ObjectivesKnow the Key words for this topicUnderstand how to use relevant Bible quotesBe able to practise exam questions on this topic
  • 19. Roman Catholics – WRONG Contraception• Marriage ceremony states that sex is given to a couple by God so they can have children• The act of sex should always be open to God’s gift of a baby.• Artificial forms on contraception such as the pill and condoms are forbidden, but natural methods of birth control such as the rhythm method are acceptableOther Christians - ACCEPTABLE• Whilst all Christians believe that having children is an important part of marriage, some accept that couples may want to limit the size of their family.• Provided both husband and wife agree, most forms of contraception are acceptable. This frees a couple to enjoy a sexual relationship and strengthen their bond without the worry of an unwanted pregnancy.• Using contraception to plan the timing of a pregnancy can help ensure that all children in the family are wanted, loved and provided for.Most Christians – PERMANENT CONTRACEPTION IS WRONG• Because the marriage ceremony states that the purpose of marriage is to have children, most Christians do not approve permanent forms contraception, for example sterilisation. Learning Objectives Know the Key words for this topic Understand how to use relevant Bible quotes Be able to practise exam questions on this topic