Thomas Cole - (February 1, 1801 – February 11, 1848). He is regarded as the founder of the Hudson River School, an American art movement that flourished in the mid- 19th century.
Early life and educationHe was born in Bolton, Lancashire, Englan d, in 1801. In 1818 his family emigrated to the United States, settling in Steubenville, Ohio, where Cole learned the rudiments of his profession from a wandering portrait painter named Stein.Moving to Pittsburgh in 1823 and then to Philadelphia in 1824, where he drew from casts at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, he rejoined his parents and sister in New York City early in 1825.
Personal lifeAfter 1827 Cole maintained a studio at the farm called Cedar Grove in the town of Catskill, New York. He painted a significant portion of his work in this studio.In 1836 he married Maria Bartow of Catskill, a niece of the owner, and became a year-round resident. Thomas and Maria had five children: Theodore Alexander Cole, born January 1, 1838; Mary Bartow Cole, born September 23, 1839; Emily Cole, born August 27, 1843; Elizabeth Cole, born April 5, 1847 (died in infancy); Thomas Cole, Jr., born September 16, 1848.
Architecture work Cole dabbled in architecture, a not uncommon practice at the time when the profession was not so codified. Cole was an entrant in the design competition held in 1838 to create the Ohio Statehouse in Columbus, Ohio.
Graphic Work Thomas Cole is best known for his work as an American landscape artist.In 1842, Cole embarked on a Grand Tour of Europe in an effort to study in the style of the Old Masters and to paint its scenery.
Selected works Distant View of Niagara Falls (1830)The Garden of Eden (1828)
Selected works The Course of Empire: TheRomantic Landscape with Ruined Savage State(1836)Tower(1832–36)
Selected works The Course of Empire: Desolation (1836)The Course of Empire:Consummation(1835–1836)
Selected worksThe Departure (1837) The Return (1837)
Selected works The Vesper Hymn (ca. 1838)The Past (1838), Mead Art Museum
Selected works The Fountain of Vaucluse, 1841, Dallas Museum of ArtThe Present (1838), Mead Art Museum
Selected works Il Penseroso (1845)LAllegro (Italian Sunset) (1845)
Selected worksHome in the Woods (1847), Reynolda House Museum of AmericanArt