Prepared by:
Vdovkina Sveta
pupil of 10 “B” form
 Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko (Ukrainian:

нко, Taras
Hryhorovych Shevchenko; March 9 [O.S.
February 25] 1814 – March 10 ...


Born into a serf peasant family of Hryhoriy
Ivanovych Shevchenko (1782? – 1825) and
Kateryna Yakymivna Shevchenko (Boik...
 Newly arrived in Kyiv as an

apprentice, Taras went to work for
Dyak Bohorsky. Soon tired of
enduring Bohorsky's
mistrea...
 "Engelhardt noticed

Shevchenko's artistic talent, and
apprenticed him in Vilnius to
Jan Rustem, then in Saint
Petersbur...
In the same year Shevchenko was
accepted as a student into the Academy
of Arts in the workshop of Karl Briullov.
The next ...
In 1841, the epic poem Haidamaky was
released. In September 1841, Shevchenko was
awarded his third Silver Medal for The Gy...


On March 22, 1845, the Council of the Academy of Arts granted Shevchenko the title of
an artist. He again travelled to ...
 Shevchenko was imprisoned in Saint

Petersburg. He was exiled as a private
with the Russian military Orenburg
garrison a...
 But it was not until 1857 that

Shevchenko finally returned
from exile after receiving a
pardon, though he was not
permi...
 Taras Shevchenko spent the last years of his life working on new

poetry, paintings, and engravings, as well as editing ...
 Shevchenko

entered the
Academy of Fine
Arts in St
Petersburg, there
he became a
student of
Bryullov.
Shevchenko was
awa...
 There are many monuments to Shevchenko

throughout Ukraine, most notably at his memorial in
Kaniv and in the center of K...
 Outside of Ukraine, monuments to Shevchenko have

been put up in several locations of the former USSR
associated with hi...
 There is also a monument located next to the

Shevchenko museum at the square that bears the
poet's name in Orsk, Russia...
 There are Shevchenko monuments and museums in

the cities of Kazakhstan where he was later transferred
by the military: ...
 After Ukraine gained its

independence in the wake
of the 1991 Soviet Collapse,
some Ukrainian cities
replaced their sta...
 A two-tonne bronze

statue of Shevchenko,
located in a memorial
park outside of Oakville,
Ontario was discovered
stolen ...
 A Taras Shevchenko Museum

& Memorial Park Foundation
is located in Toronto, Canada.
A video tour of the museum
was crea...
 When he was released in

1857 it was forbidden to
him to live in Ukraine.
He moved to St
Petersburg but on March
10, 186...
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taras_Shevchenko
 http://www.google.com.ua/search?q=%D1%88%D0%

B5%D0%B2%D1%87%D0%B5%D0%BD...
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Taras shevchenko -_vdovkina_sveta

  1. 1. Prepared by: Vdovkina Sveta pupil of 10 “B” form
  2. 2.  Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko (Ukrainian: нко, Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko; March 9 [O.S. February 25] 1814 – March 10 [O.S. February 26] 1861) was a Ukrainian poet and artist. He is also known under the name Kobzar after his most famous literary work, a collection of poems entitled Kobzar. His literary heritage is regarded to be the foundation of modern Ukrainian literature and, to a large extent, the modern Ukrainian language. Shevchenko is also known for many masterpieces as a painter and an illustrator
  3. 3.  Born into a serf peasant family of Hryhoriy Ivanovych Shevchenko (1782? – 1825) and Kateryna Yakymivna Shevchenko (Boiko) (1782? – August 6, 1823) of Cossack descent in the village of Moryntsi, of Kyiv Governorate of the Russian Empire (now in Cherkasy Oblast, Ukraine) Shevchenko grew up in the neighboring village of Kyrylivka that today carries the name Shevchenkove. The Shevchenko family moved to Kyrylivka soon after the birth of Taras. Two years later in Kerelivka, Taras's sister Yaryna was born. In the fall of 1822 Taras started to take some grammar classes at a local Dyak. On September 1, 1823 Taras' mother passed away. A month later his father married Oksana Tereshchenko. Tereshchenko already had three children. In 1824 Taras, along with his father, became a traveling merchant (chumak). At the age of eleven Taras became an orphan when, in the spring of 1825, his father died a serf in corvée.
  4. 4.  Newly arrived in Kyiv as an apprentice, Taras went to work for Dyak Bohorsky. Soon tired of enduring Bohorsky's mistreatment, Shevchenko ran away to seek out a painting master in the surrounding villages. For several days he worked for Deacon Yefrem in Lysianka, later in other places around in southern Kyiv Governorate. In 1827 Shevchenko herded community sheeps near his village. He then meets Oksana Kovalenko, a childhood friend, whom Shevchenko mentions in his works on multiple occasions. Shevchenko went as a household servant with his Russian aristocrat lord Pavel Engelhardt to Vilnius (1828–31) and then to Saint Petersburg.
  5. 5.  "Engelhardt noticed Shevchenko's artistic talent, and apprenticed him in Vilnius to Jan Rustem, then in Saint Petersburg to Vasiliy Shiriaev for four years... There he met the Ukrainian artist Ivan Soshenko, who introduced him to other compatriots such as Yevhen Hrebinka and Vasyl Hryhorovych, and to the Russian painter Alexey Venetsianov. Through these men Shevchenko also met the famous painter and professor Karl Briullov, who donated his portrait of the Russian poet Vasily Zhukovsky as a lottery prize, whose proceeds were used to buy Shevchenko's freedom on May 5, 1838.
  6. 6. In the same year Shevchenko was accepted as a student into the Academy of Arts in the workshop of Karl Briullov. The next year he became a resident student at the Association for the Encouragement of Artists. At the annual examinations at the Imperial Academy of Arts, Shevchenko was given a Silver Medal for a landscape. In 1840 he again received the Silver Medal, this time for his first oil painting, The Beggar Boy Giving Bread to a Dog.  He began writing poetry while he was a serf and in 1840 his first collection of poetry, Kobzar, was published. Ivan Franko, the renowned Ukrainian poet in the generation after Shevchenko, had this to say of the compilation: "[Kobzar] immediately revealed, as it were, a new world of poetry. It burst forth like a spring of clear, cold water, and sparkled with a clarity, breadth and elegance of artistic expression not previously known in Ukrainian writing". 
  7. 7. In 1841, the epic poem Haidamaky was released. In September 1841, Shevchenko was awarded his third Silver Medal for The Gypsy Fortune Teller. Shevchenko also wrote plays. In 1842, he released a part of the tragedy Mykyta Haidai and in 1843 he completed the drama Nazar Stodolia.  While residing in Saint Petersburg, Shevchenko made three trips to the regions of Ukraine, in 1843, 1845, and 1846. The difficult conditions under which his countrymen lived had a profound impact on the poet-painter. Shevchenko visited his still enserfed siblings and other relatives, met with prominent Ukrainian writers and intellectuals such as: Yevhen Hrebinka, Panteleimon Kulish, and Mykhaylo Maksymovych, and was befriended by the princely Repnin family especially Varvara Repnina.  In 1844, distressed by the condition of Ukrainian regions in the Russian Empire, Shevchenko decided to capture some of his homeland's historical ruins and cultural monuments in an album of etchings, which he called Picturesque Ukraine. 
  8. 8.  On March 22, 1845, the Council of the Academy of Arts granted Shevchenko the title of an artist. He again travelled to Ukraine where he met historian Nikolay Kostomarov and other members of the Brotherhood of Saints Cyril and Methodius, a Pan-Slavist political society dedicated to the political liberalization of the Empire and transforming it into a federation-like polity of Slavic nations. Upon the society's suppression by the authorities, Shevchenko was arrested along with other members on April 5, 1847. Although he probably was not an official member of the Brotherhood, during the search his poem "The Dream" ("Son") was found. This poem attacked Slavophilism, personally attacked Emperor Nicholas I and his wife Alexandra Feodorovna, and therefore was considered extremely inflammatory, and of all the members of the dismantled society Shevchenko was punished most severely. The Tsar was about to pardon Shevchenko, since literature was not as bad as violent opposition, which he also faced (Decembrist uprising etc.). Then, however, Tsar Nicholas read Shevchenko's poem, "The Dream". Vissarion Belinsky wrote in his memoirs that, Nicholas I, knowing Ukrainian very well, laughed and chuckled whilst reading the section about himself, but his mood quickly turned to bitter hatred when he read about his wife. Shevchenko had mocked her frumpy appearance and facial tics, which she had developed whilst fearing the Decembrist Uprising and its plans to kill her family. After reading this section the Tsar indignantly stated "I suppose he had reasons not to be on terms with me, but what has she done to deserve this?"
  9. 9.  Shevchenko was imprisoned in Saint Petersburg. He was exiled as a private with the Russian military Orenburg garrison at Orsk, near the Ural Mountains. Tsar Nicholas I, confirming his sentence, added to it, "Under the strictest surveillance, without the right to write or paint."  With the exception of some short periods during his exile, the enforcement of the Tsar's ban on his creative work was lax. The poet produced several drawings and sketches as well as writings while serving and traveling on assignment (in the capacity of a military sketch painter, the idea put forward by fellow serviceman Bronisław Zaleski) in the Ural regions and areas on modern Kazakhstan.
  10. 10.  But it was not until 1857 that Shevchenko finally returned from exile after receiving a pardon, though he was not permitted to return to St. Petersburg but was ordered to Nizhniy Novgorod. In May 1859, Shevchenko got permission to return to his native Ukraine. He intended to buy a plot of land not far from the village of Pekariv. In July, he was arrested on a charge of blasphemy, but was released and ordered to return to St. Petersburg.
  11. 11.  Taras Shevchenko spent the last years of his life working on new poetry, paintings, and engravings, as well as editing his older works. But after his difficult years in exile his final illness proved too much. Shevchenko died in Saint Petersburg on March 10, 1861, the day after his 47th birthday.  He was first buried at the Smolensk Cemetery in Saint Petersburg. However, fulfilling Shevchenko's wish, expressed in his poem "Testament" ("Zapovit"), to be buried in Ukraine, his friends arranged to transfer his remains by train to Moscow and then by horse-drawn wagon to his native land. Shevchenko's remains where buried on May 8 on Chernecha Hill (Monk's Hill; now Taras Hill) by the Dnieper River near Kaniv.[1] A tall mound was erected over his grave, now a memorial part of the Kaniv Museum-Preserve.  Dogged by terrible misfortune in love and life, the poet died seven days before the Emancipation of Serfs was announced. His works and life are revered by Ukrainians and his impact on Ukrainian literature is immense.
  12. 12.  Shevchenko entered the Academy of Fine Arts in St Petersburg, there he became a student of Bryullov. Shevchenko was awarded three silver medals for his works and later he had become an Academician in engraving.
  13. 13.  There are many monuments to Shevchenko throughout Ukraine, most notably at his memorial in Kaniv and in the center of Kyiv, just across from the Kyiv University that bears his name. The Kyiv Metro station, Tarasa Shevchenka, is also dedicated to Shevchenko. Among other notable monuments to the poet located throughout Ukraine are the ones in Kharkiv (in front of the Shevchenko Park. Kharkiv|Shevchenko Park), Lviv, Luhansk and many others.
  14. 14.  Outside of Ukraine, monuments to Shevchenko have been put up in several locations of the former USSR associated with his legacy, both in the Soviet and the post-Soviet times. The modern monument in Saint Petersburg was erected on December 22, 2000, but the first monument (pictured) was built in the city in 1918 on the order of Lenin shortly after the Great Russian Revolution.
  15. 15.  There is also a monument located next to the Shevchenko museum at the square that bears the poet's name in Orsk, Russia (the location of the military garrison where the poet served) where there are also a street, a library and the Orsk Pedagogical Institute|Pedagogical Institute named to the poet.
  16. 16.  There are Shevchenko monuments and museums in the cities of Kazakhstan where he was later transferred by the military: Aqtau (the city was named Shevchenko between 1964 and 1992) and nearby Fort Shevchenko (renamed from Fort Alexandrovsky in 1939), and a street after him in Vilnius, where he also lived. In upstate New York there is a small country road name after Schevchanko as well. There is no visible monument in the vicinity, just a small road.
  17. 17.  After Ukraine gained its independence in the wake of the 1991 Soviet Collapse, some Ukrainian cities replaced their statues of Lenin with statues of Taras Shevchenko and in some locations that lacked streets named to him, local authorities renamed the streets or squares to Shevchenko. There is also a bilingual Taras Sevchenko high school in Sighetu Marmatiei, Romania.
  18. 18.  A two-tonne bronze statue of Shevchenko, located in a memorial park outside of Oakville, Ontario was discovered stolen in December 2006. It was taken for scrap metal; the head was recovered in a damaged state, but the statue was not repairable. The head is on exhibit at the Taras Shevchenko Museum & Memorial Park Foundation in Toronto.
  19. 19.  A Taras Shevchenko Museum & Memorial Park Foundation is located in Toronto, Canada. A video tour of the museum was created in March 2010. Among other exhibits, the video tour includes footage of Shevchenko's death mask.  There is a statue of Taras Shevchenko at Ukraine Square in Curitiba, Brazil.
  20. 20.  When he was released in 1857 it was forbidden to him to live in Ukraine. He moved to St Petersburg but on March 10, 1861 the great poet died of heart disease. He was buried in St Petersburg, but his friends wanted to fulfill the poet’s wish that he had expressed in his “Testament” and they transferred his remains to the Chernecha Hill near Kanev, in Ukraine.
  21. 21.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taras_Shevchenko  http://www.google.com.ua/search?q=%D1%88%D0% B5%D0%B2%D1%87%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BA%D0 %BE+%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%81&hl =ru&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=62lRUtKeI8yK swbSmIHgAg&ved=0CAcQ_AUoAQ&biw=1920&bih=9 36&dpr=1
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