Julia D. Weiss
Adolescence in Early Modern England Bibliography
P. Ariès. Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life. Trans. R. Baldick. New York:
Vintage, 1965 [orig. 1960].
W. Arnall, The complaint of the children of Israel representing their grievances under the penal
laws, and praying that if the tests are repealed, the Jews may have the benefit of his
indulgence in common with all other subjects of England: in a letter to a reverend high
priest of the Church by laws established, London, Printed for W. Webb, 1736.
W. Bayly, A grievous lamentation over thee O England or, the greatest part of thy inhabitants,
who have withstood the day of their visitation: with the word of the Lord to thy rulers
and teachers, who continue persecuting and oppressing the dear children and people of
the Most High, London, 1663.
City of London (England). Corporation, The Report of the governours of the corporation for
improving and relieving the poor of this city of London, and liberties thereof, London,
Printed by James Flescher, 1655.
A. Croke, W. Scott, B. Stowell, T. S. Horner, H. Liddiard, A report of the case of Horner against
Liddiard, upon the question of what consent is necessary to the marriage of illegitimate
minors; determined, on the 24th May 1799, in the Consistorial Court of London, by… Sir
William Scott…with an introductory essay upon the theory and the history of laws
relating to illegitimate children, and to the encouragement of marriage in general,
London, Printed by A. Strahan, for J. Butterworth, 1800.
H. Cunningham, Children and Childhood in Western Society since 1500 (London 1995)
H. Cunningham, The Children of the Poor: Representations of Childhood since the
Seventeenth Century (Oxford 1991).
J. Demos, V. Demos, Adolescence in historical perspective, Journal of Marriage and the Family,
1969, vol. 31.
J. Demos, Past, Present and Personal: The Family and Life Course in American History, New
York, Oxford University Press, 1986.
K. DeVries, Teenagers at War During the Middle Ages, from: The Premodern Teenager: Youth
in Society, 1150-1650, http://www.deremilitari.org/devries2.htm
V. Fildes, Women as Mothers in Pre-Industrial England (London 1990), (ed.).
G. Firmin, A sober reply to the sober answer of Reverend Mr. Cawdrey, to A serious question
propounded viz. whether the ministers of England are bound by the word of God to
baptize the children of all such parents, which say they believe in Jesus Christ, but are
grossly ignorant, scandalous in their conversations, scoffers at godliness, and refuse to
submit to church discipline…: also, the question of Reverend Mr. Hooker concerning the
baptisme of infants: with a post-script to Reverend Mr. Blake, London, Printed by J.G.
and to be sold by Robert Littlebury, 1653.
A. Fletcher and S. Hussey eds., Childhood in Question. Children, parents and the state
(Manchester & New York 1999).
S. Ford, A plain and profitable exposition of, and enlargement upon, the church-catechism by
way of questions and answers for the more ample instruction of the more adult children
and other elderly persons that need it, and divided into so many parts as there are Lords-
days in each year…together with the scheme of a shorter catechism annexed for the
benefit of the younger sort of catechumens, London, Printed by T.B. for T. Sawbridge,
Foundling Hospital (London, England), The report of the general committee for directing,
managing, and transacting the business affairs, estates, and effects of the corporation of
the governors and guardians of the Hospital for the Maintenance and Education of
Exposed and Deserted Young Children relating to the general plan for executing the
purposes of the royal charter, establishing this hospital, London, J. Baskett, 1740.
J. R. Gillis, Youth and History: Tradition and Change in European Age Relations1770-Present,
New York, Academic Press, 1974.
P. Griffiths, Youth and Authority, Formative experiences in England, 1560-1640
R. Haines, A model of government for the good of the poor, and the wealth of the nation with
such a method and inspection that frauds, corruption in officers, abuses to the poor, ill
administration of materials, therein may be prevented: the stock rais’d and preserved, all
poor people and their children for ever comfortably provided for, all idle hands
employed, all restrained, poor prisoners or debt relieved and malefactors reclaimed, to
their own comfort, God’s glory and the kingdoms wealth and honour: humbly offered to
the consideration of the great wisdom of the nation, viz. His Most Excellent Majesty and
both houses of Parliament, London, Printed for D.M., 1678.
M. Hale, Several tracts, viz. I. A discourse of religion on three heads. 1. The ends and uses of it,
and the errors of men toughing it. 2. The life of religion, and superadditions to it. 3. The
superstructions upon it, and animosities about it. II. A treatise touching provision for the
poor. III. A letter to his children advising them how to behave themselves in their
speech. IV. A letter to one of his sons after his recovery from the small-pox, London,
Printed by J.P. for W. Shrowsbery at the Bible in Duke-Lane, 1684.
G. S. Hall, Adolescence: It’s Psychology and Its Relations to Physiology, Anthropology,
Sociology, Sex, Crime, Religion, and Education, 2 vols. New York, Appleton, 1904.
J. Hanway, An earnest appeal for mercy to the children of the poor particularly those belonging
to the parishes within the bills of mortality, appointed by an act of Parliament to be
registered: being a general reference to the deserving conduct of some parish officers,
and the pernicious effects of the ignorance and ill judged parsimony of others: with some
comparative views of those parishes and the Foundling Hospital…also a proposal for the
more effectual preserving the parish children here, and in other great cities and
manufacturing towns, and rendering the children of the poor in general pious, useful,
and good subjects, London, Sold by J. Dodsley, 1766.
S. Harlib, Londons charity inlarged stilling the orphans cry, by the liberality of the Parliament
in granting two houses by act, and giving a thousand pound towards the work for the
imployment of the poor and education of poor children…: with a platform, how many
officers needful to govern 100 children in a work-house, with laws and orders for the
schoolmaster to read to the children once a day, London, Printed by Matth. Symmons,
and Robert Ibbitson, 1650.
O. Heywood, Advice to an only child, or, Excellent council to all young persons containing, the
sum and substance of experimental and practical divinity, London, Printed for Tho.
G. Hickes, The Case of Infant-baptism in five question’, London, Printed by T. Hodgkin, for Tho.
Basset, Benj. Tooke, 1685.
J. Hill, On the management and education of children a series of letters written to a niece,
London, Printed for R. Baldwin, 1754.
R. Hooker, J. Gauden, I. Walton, J. Strype, The works of that learned and judicious divine, Mr.
Richard Hooker, in eight books of the laws of ecclesistical polity, completed out of his
own manuscripts. Dedicated to the King’s most Excellent Majesty, Charles II. By whose
royal father (near his martyrdom) the former five books (then only extant) were
commended to his dear children, as an excellent means to satisfie private scruples, and
settle the publick peace of this church and kingdom. To which are added, several other
treatises by the same author. All revised and corrected in numberless places of the
former edition, by a diligent hand. There is also prefix’d before the book, the life of the
author, sometime written by Isaac Walton, London, Printed for R.C. and are to be sold by
H. Mortlock, 1705.
M. Ingram, Child sexual abuse in Early Modern England, in M.J. Braddick and J.
Walter, (eds.), Negotiating Power (2001).
J. F. Kett, Rites of Passage: Adolescence in America1790 to the Present, New York, Basic
R. Knipe, A course of lectures containing remarks upon the government and education of
children, thoughts upon the present plan of education, and an essay upon elocution as
read lately in many parts of England and Scotland: to which is added a sermon,
Edinburgh, Printed for R. Knipe, 1753.
I. Krausman Ben-Amos, Adolescence and Youth in Early Modern England, New Haven
& London, 1994.
I. Krausman. Ben-Amos, Human Bonding: Parents and their Offspring in Early Modern
England, University of Oxford, discussion papers in economic and social history,
November 17, June 1997.
N. Lesko, Act Your Age: A Cultural Construct of Adolescence, New York, Routledge Farmer,
N. Lesko, Past, Present and Future Conceptions of Adolescence, Educational Theory, 46(4),
I. Mather, A discourse concerning the danger of apostasy especially as to those that are in the
children and posterity of such as have been eminent for God in their generation:
delivered in a sermon, preached in the audience of the General Assembly of the
Massachusetts colony at Boston in New England, May 23, 1677: being the day of
election there, Boston, 1679.
R. Mather, A disputation concerning church-members and their children in answer to XXI
questions wherein the state of such children when adult, together with their duty towards
the church, and the churches duty towards them is discussed by an assembly of divines
meeting at Boston in New England, June 4th, 1657, London, Printed by J. Hayes for
Samuel Thomson, 1659.
A. McLaren, Reproductive Rituals: The perception of fertility in England from the
sixteenth century to the nineteenth century (London &New York 1984).
J. Modell., and M. Goodman, Historical Perspectives, At the Threshold: The Developing
Adolescent, S.S. Feldman and G.R.Elliott (eds.), Cambridge, MA: Harvard University
J. Nelson, An essay on the government of children, under three general heads: viz. health,
manners and education, London, Printed for R. and J. Dodsley, and sold by M. Cooper,
L. Pollock, A Lasting Relationship. Parents and children over three centuries
(London, 1987), (eds.).
L. Pollock, Childbearing and female bonding in early modern England, Social
History, vol. 22 (1997).
L. Pollock, Teach her to Live Under Obedience: The Making of Women in the Upper
Ranks in Early Modern England, Continuity and Change, vol.4 (1989).
L. A. Pollack, Adolescence & Youth in Early Modern England, by Ilhana Krausman Ben-Amos,
Fairfax, VA, George Mason University Press, Journal of Social History, Vol. 29, Issue 1,
L. A. Pollock, Forgotten Children, Parent-Child relations from the 1500 to 1900
L. A. Pollock, Training a child in the way he/she should go. Cultural transmission and
Child-rearing within the home in England, c. 1550-1800, in J. Sturm, J. Dekker,
R. Aldrich, and F. Simon (eds.), Education and Cultural transmission:
Historical Studies of Continuity and Change in Families, Schooling, and Youth
Cultures, Supplement to Pedagogica Historica (Gent 1996).
R. Schofield, Did the Mothers Really Die? Three centuries of Maternal Morality in ‘The
World We Have Lost, in L. Bonfield, R. Smith, & K. Wrightson(eds.), The World
We Have Gained (1986).
J. Sharp, The midwives book, or, The whole art of midwifery discovered. Directing childbearing
women how to behave themselves in their conception, breeding, bearing, and nursing of
children in six books, viz., London, Printed for Simon Miller, at the Star at the West End
of St. Pauls, 1671.
L. Stone, The Family, Sex and Marriage in England, 1500-1800, Harper and Row, New York,
K. Thomas, ‘Children in Early Modern England’, in Avery & J. Briggs (eds.), Children
And their Books: a celebration of the work of Iona and Peter Opie (Oxford 1989).
L. Thomas, Milke for children, or, A plain and easie method teaching to read and write together
with briefe instructions for all sorts of people…: as also an appendix of prayer, London,
Printed for N. Brooks, 1654.
T. Tryon, Some memoirs of the life of Mr. Tho. Tryon, late of London, merchant, London, Printed
and sold by T. Sowle, 1705.
H. M. Weihberg, History of Adolescents' Transition to the Workforce,
E. Wettenhall, The catechism of the Church of England, with marginal notes very plainly setting
forth its meaning and proving the same out of the Holy Scriptures: for the use of children,
London, Printed for Benjamin Tooke, 1678.
A. Wilson, The Making of Man-Midwifery: Childbirth in England, 1660-1770
K. Wrightson, English Society 1580-1680, New Jersey, Rutgers University Press, 2003.
K. Wrightson, The Family in early modern England: continuity and change, in S.
Taylor, R. Connors and C. Joned (eds.), Hanoverian Britain and Empire